Han (state)


Han (state)

Han (韓國, "Hánguó") (403 BC-230 BC) was a kingdom during the Warring States Period in China. Not to be confused with South Korea which shares the same name.

Its territory directly blocked the passage of the state of Qin into the North China Plain, thus becoming a frequent target of Qin's military operations. Although Han had attempted several self strengthening reforms, notably under the famous Legalist Shen Buhai, it would never overcome the Qin. In fact it was the first of the Six states to be conquered by Qin.

The Qin invasion of Han's Shangdang Commandery (上党郡) ushered in the bloodiest battle of the whole period, the Battle of Changping in 260 BC.

Rise

According to Shiji, the Han family was descended from the Zhou nobles. The Zhou kings granted Hanyuan (韓原) to the Han family which the family used to gain influence and importance. In 403 BC, Marquis Jing of Han (韓景侯), along with Marquis Wen of Wei and Marquis Lie of Zhao partitioned the powerful state Jin into Han, Wei, and Zhao marking the beginning of the Warring States Period and Han as an independent polity. King Lie of Zhou was forced to recognize the new states and elevated the ruler's titles to Marquis.

Height

The height of the Han state was during the rule of Marquis Xi. Xi appointed Shen Buhai (申不害) Chancellor and implemented Shen's Legalist philosophy. Shen's policies strengthened Han and the kingdom became a "xiaokang" society.

Fall

Because of the nature of the split of Jin, the Han state was landlocked on all sides by other powerful states like Chu, Qi, Qin, and Wei. Han was the smallest of the seven states, and was bullied militarily by more powerful neighbors. During its steady decline, the Han state lost the power to defend its territory and was requesting military assistance from other states when faced with invasions. Eventually, Han became the first of the six states to be conquered by the expanding Qin in 230 BC.

Famous People

The most famous person of Han is the Legalist philosopher Han Fei. Another famous Han personality was Zhang Liang, who helped bring about the founding of the Han dynasty.

List of Han rulers

ee also

*Chinese nobility


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Han (surname) — Han is a common transliteration of the Chinese surname 韩 (simp. han2) or 韓 (trad. han2) and the Korean surname 한 (hanja 韓). Han is based on China s pinyin system and so used throughout Mainland China. Spelling can vary from Hon in Cantonese… …   Wikipedia

  • Han Xin (Prince of Han) — Han Xin (韩信) (? 196 BC) is a descendant of the Han (state) royal house and general of the Western Han Dynasty. He is known historically as Han Wangxin (韩王信) to not be confused with another general by the same name Han Xin (韩信) and same period.… …   Wikipedia

  • Han Zhao — The Han Zhao (zh stp|s=汉赵|t=漢趙|p=Hànzhào; 304 329) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Chinese Jin Dynasty (265 420). It represented two state titles, the Han state (漢, pinyin Hàn) proclaimed in 304 by Liu Yuan and the Former Zhao… …   Wikipedia

  • Han — 1 Original name in latin Han Name in other language Han, Hankoy, Hanky, Husrevpasa, Hsrevpaa State code TR Continent/City Europe/Istanbul longitude 39.15917 latitude 30.86139 altitude 1220 Population 0 Date 2012 04 05 2 Original name in latin Han …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Han Dynasty — 漢朝 ← 206 BCE–220 CE …   Wikipedia

  • Han Dingxiang — ( zh. 韩鼎祥, May 17, 1937 ndash; September 9, 2007) was an underground Roman Catholic bishop of Yongnian, a division of Hebei province, in China. Dingxiang was detained for much of his ministry for his loyalty to the Vatican as opposed to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Han Fei — (also Han Feizi) (zh cpw|c=|p=Hán Fēi|w=Han Fei) (ca. 280 ndash;233 BC) was a philosopher who, along with Li Si, developed Xun Zi s mutualism into the doctrine embodied by the School of Law or Legalism. Unlike the other famed philosophers of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Han River (Korea) — Han (한강/漢江) River The Han River in Seoul …   Wikipedia

  • Han purple and Han blue — (also called Chinese purple and Chinese blue) are synthetic barium copper silicate pigments that were developed in China at least 2,000 years ago. Han purple and Han blue were used in ancient and imperial China from the Western Zhou period (1207… …   Wikipedia

  • Han Xiu — (韓休) (672 739), courtesy name Liangshi (良士), New Book of Tang , vol. 73. [http://www.sidneyluo.net/a/a17/073.htm] [http://www.sidneyluo.net/a/a17/table/form66.htm] ] formally Viscount Wenzhong of Yiyang (宜陽文忠子), was an official of the Chinese… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.