Union of India

Union of India

Infobox Former Country
native_name =
conventional_long_name = Union of India
common_name = India
continent = moved from Category:Asia to South Asia
region = South Asia
country = India
era = Cold War
status = Commonwealth Realm
empire = Independent
government_type = Constitutional Monarchy
event_start = Independence
date_start = August 15
year_start = 1947
event_end = Constitution
date_end = January 26
year_end = 1950
event1 = Indo-Pakistani War
date_event1 = 1947-48
p1 = British Raj
flag_p1 = British Raj Red Ensign.svg
s1 = India
flag_s1 = Flag of India.svg

symbol = Ashoka Chakra
symbol_type = National Emblem

image_map_caption =
capital = New Delhi
national_motto =
national_anthem =
common_languages = Hindustani, English and many others
currency = Indian rupee
leader1 = George VI
year_leader1 = 1947-50
title_leader = King of India
representative1 = Earl Mountbatten of Burma
year_representative1 = 1947-48
representative2 = C. Rajagopalachari
year_representative2 = 1948-50
title_representative = Governor-General
deputy1 = Jawaharlal Nehru
year_deputy1 = 1947-50
title_deputy = Prime Minister

The Union of India sometimes known as the Dominion of India , was an independent state that existed between 15 August, 1947 and 26 January, 1950.

When British rule in India ended in 1947, two dominions were created to succeed it: the "Union of India" and the "Dominion of Pakistan". Created by the "Indian Independence Act 1947" which was enacted by the British parliament, these states existed until the promulgation of their individual constitutions. In the case of India, this occurred on 26 January, 1950; the Republic of India came into existence on that date.

During the dominion phase, the British monarch remained head of state of both countries, and was represented in each by a governor-general. However, these governors-general were not also designated "Viceroys" as had been customary under the British Raj. Two governors-general held office in India during the dominion period:
#Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (194748)
#Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (194850)

Jawaharlal Nehru held office as prime minister (and head of government) of the Union of India during this period.

Partition of India

As the British granted independence to their dominions in India in mid-August 1947, the two nations joined the British Commonwealth as self-governing dominions. The partition left Punjab and Bengal, two of the biggest provinces, divided between India and Pakistan. In the early days of independence, more than two million people migrated across the new border and more than one hundred thousand died in a spate of communal violence. The partition also resulted in tensions over Kashmir leading to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947.

ee also

*Government of India
*Governor-General of India
*Indian Independence Movement
*British India

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