- Cobourg, Ontario
Town of Cobourg Kivas Tully Nickname(s): Ontario's Feel Good Town Motto: Our Strength Is In Our Unanimity Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario County Northumberland Settled 1798 Incorporated 1837 (town) Government - Mayor Gill Brocanier - Council Cobourg Town Council - MP Rick Norlock (Northumberland—Quinte West, CON) - MPP Lou Rinaldi (Northumberland—Quinte West, LIB) Area - Total 22.37 km2 (8.6 sq mi) Population (2009) - Total 18,500 - Density 814.0/km2 (2,108.3/sq mi) Time zone EST (UTC−5) - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4) Postal Code FSA K9A Area code(s) 905 Website www.cobourg.ca/
Cobourg (pop. 18,500) is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in Southern Ontario 95 km east of Toronto. It is the largest town in Northumberland County. Its nearest neighbour is Port Hope, 7 km (4 mi) to the west. It is located along Highway 401 (exits 472 and 474) and the former Highway 2 (now Northumberland County Road 2). To the south Cobourg borders Lake Ontario, while to the north, east and west, it is surrounded by Hamilton Township.
Census Population 1841 3,347 1871 4,442 1881 4,957 1891 4,829 1901 4,239 1911 5,074 1921 5,327 1931 5,834 1941 5,907 1951 7,470 1961 10,646 1971 11,282 1981 11,385 1991 15,079 2001 17,172 2006 18,210
The settlements that make up today's Cobourg were founded by United Empire Loyalists in 1798. Some of the founding fathers and early settlers were Eluid Nickerson, Joseph Ash, Zacheus Burnham and Asa Burnham. The Town was originally a group of smaller villages such as Amherst and Hardscrabble, which were later named Hamilton. In 1808 it became the district town for the Newcastle District. It was renamed Cobourg in 1818, in recognition of the marriage of Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (later Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, who would later become King of Belgium).
By the 1830s Cobourg had become a regional centre, much due to its fine harbour on Lake Ontario. In 1835 the Upper Canada Academy was established in Cobourg by Egerton Ryerson and the Wesleyan Conference of Bishops. On July 1, 1837, Cobourg was officially incorporated as a town. In 1841 the Upper Canada Academy's name was changed to Victoria College. In 1842 Victoria College was granted powers to confer degrees. Victoria College remained in Cobourg until 1892, when it was moved to Toronto and federated with the University of Toronto. In 1842, John Strachan founded the Diocesan Theological Institute in Cobourg, an Anglican seminary that became integrated into the University of Trinity College in Toronto in 1852.
Standing at the heart of the downtown is Victoria Hall, a building that now serves as the town hall, as well as home of the Art Gallery of Northumberland, the Cobourg Concert Hall, and an Old Bailey-style courtroom that is now used as the Council chamber. Victoria Hall was designed by architect Kivas Tully. The landmark is known for its impressive stone work. Charles Thomas Thomas (1820-1867), an English-born master stonecarver and building contractor, executed the fine stone carvings, including the bearded faced keystone over the main entrance into the building. Victoria Hall was officially opened in 1860 by the Prince of Wales, later to become Edward VII of the United Kingdom, King Edward VII. At that time, Cobourg was a significant town in the Province of Canada, and some townspeople felt that Cobourg would be a suitable capital for the newly united provinces; this privilege went to Ottawa, Ontario, however.
In the late 19th century and early 20th century, wealthy Americans built enormous summer homes there, many of which still stand today. One notable home, on King Street East, became the Brookside School - now a youth detention centre. A major ferry service connected Cobourg and Rochester, New York from 1907 to 1952, transporting passengers and cargo across Lake Ontario, allowing Americans to reach the town more readily. A rail line to the north, over Rice Lake, was short lived, and the lines collapsed into Rice Lake in the late 1800s. After World War II and the advent of improved transportation technology, this economic link decreased in importance.
Cobourg was the site of No. 26 Ordnance Depot, later Canadian Forces Station Cobourg, from 1953 to 1971.
Throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s, the town invested heavily in purchasing property along the waterfront and beautifying the area. A boardwalk was developed to connect the harbour and large sandy beach while further pathways were created to encompass Victoria Park and the historic downtown. Because of this renewal and revitalization, many community activities now revolve in and around these spaces.
Cobourg retains its small-town atmosphere, in part due to the downtown and surrounding residential area's status as a Heritage Conservation District. The downtown is a well-preserved example of a traditional small-town main street. Victoria Hall, the town hall completed in 1860, is a National Historic Site of Canada. The oldest building in the Town, known as the "Barracks", is currently being developed by the Cobourg Museum Foundation to be opened in 2012 as a local heritage centre.
Cobourg has a multitude of beautiful, well-maintained parks. The Cobourg Waterfront Festival, held in Victoria Park and the nearby beach and harbour, is an annual arts and crafts event occurring on Canada Day. It began in 1987 as a part of the town's sesquicentennial celebrations, and was conceived by the Art Gallery of Northumberland's former Director/Curator Peter Tulumello and former Concert Hall Manager Mark Finnan.
In addition to three high schools (Cobourg District Collegiate Institute East (CDCI EAST), CDCI West and St. Mary's Secondary School), Cobourg is home to a satellite campus of Fleming College. Food processing is the largest industry in Cobourg, and it is home to operations of companies like SABIC Innovative Plastics and Weetabix. The Cobourg Cougars play in the Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League.
The Canadian Pacific and Canadian National main railway lines (Toronto – Ottawa/Montreal) traverse the town. Via Rail offers passenger service to Cobourg railway station with multiple daily departures on the Toronto – Ottawa/Montreal route.
Cobourg Transit is a fully accessible community transit system that provides daily bus service to the town.
- FM 93.3 - CKSG, adult contemporary
- FM 100.9 - CKJJ-1, Christian music
- FM 103.1 - CFMZ, classical
- FM 107.9 - CHUC, classic hits
Cobourg uses cable 10, to broadcast local events and weather. Apart from that, Cobourg has no local Terrestrial television stations.
- Northumberland Today, owned by Osprey Media is a daily online newspaper with content contributed from the Cobourg Star and Port Hope Guide. 
- John Douglas Armour, Puisne judge of the Supreme Court of Canada
- Charles Arkoll Boulton, militia leader in the Red River Rebellion
- James Cockburn, lawyer and Father of Confederation
- Marie Dressler, silent film actress
- Francis P. Duffy, Military Chaplain of the Fighting 69th New York Regiment during WWI
- Sir Sandford Fleming who helped create and define the idea of time zones
- Ed Greenwood, author of the Forgotten Realms setting for Dungeons & Dragons
- Rev. John Weir Foote, politician, chaplain, and Victoria Cross recipient
- Ebenezer Perry, Cobourg's police commissioner
- William Renwick Riddell, judge and historian
- Justin Williams, NHL hockey player
- Age 0-14: 18.1%
- Age 15-24: 11.9%
- Age 25-44: 24.7%
- Age 45-64: 24.2%
- Age 65-74: 10.8%
- Age 75+: 10.3%
Religious Make Up
- 56.1% Protestant
- 23.9% Catholic
- 2.2% other Christian
- 0.7% other religions
- 17.1% non-professing
- 91.4% White
- 4.4% Aboriginal
- 3.8% Korean
- 0.7% Black
- Median Household Income: $54,000 
Schools in Cobourg Secondary schools
Public: Cobourg East · Cobourg West · Brookside Secondary SchoolSeparate: St. Mary's
Primary or elementary schools
Public: Burnham · C.R. Gummow · Grant Sine · Merwin Greer · Terry FoxSeparate: Notre Dame · St. Joseph's · St. Michael's
Private schoolsNew Heights · Northumberland Christian · Northumberland Montessori · Craig Reading & Educational Services · Foundations · Georgian Academy · Grade Expectations · Heritage Christian · Holly Woods Montessori · Huronia Waldorf Kindergarten Other schoolsCentre for Individual Studies · Community Training and Development Centre · Fleming College · Lifelong Learning Centre · Trillium College
- ^ "Cobourg History as of 1878". 1878 Historical Atlas of Durham and Northumberland Counties of Ontario. 1878. http://www.cobourghistory.ca/history1878.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-08.
- ^ "Community Highlights, City of Barrie". Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population. 2007-09-11. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3514021&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=Cobourg&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=. Retrieved 2007-10-08.
- ^ "Charles Thomas: A Stonemason's Legacy Restored", SSAC Bulletin, Vol. 14, No. 3, December 1989, Journal of the Society for the Study of Architecture in Canada (SSAC), Ottawa. (article by Jim Leonard).
- ^ Victoria Hall / Cobourg Town Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
- ^ "Victoria Hall - Cobourg's Town Hall". Cobourg History. Cobourg Internet. http://www.cobourghistory.ca/victoria_hall.htm. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- ^ Community Profiles, Cobourg Ontario. Statistics Canada. Retrieved on 1-1-2009 
Hamilton Twp. Hamilton Twp. Hamilton Twp. Cobourg Lake Ontario
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