List of battles 601–1400


List of battles 601–1400


List of battles: before 601 - 601-1400 - 1401-1800 - 1801-1900 - 1901-2000 - 2001-current

7th century

* 603 Battle of Degsastan - Northumbrian king Aethelfrith defeats Scots under Áedán mac Gabráin
* 612 -
** Battle of Yodong fortress - Korean Goguryeo defeat the Chinese Sui Dynasty.
** Battle of Salsu - Goguryeo cavalry forces, although outnumbered, overwhelmed the Chinese troops in combat and eventually emerged victorious.
* 613 Battle of Antioch (613)
* 614 Siege of Jerusalem (614)
* 616 -
** Battle of Chester - Aethelfrith defeats the army of Powys
** Siege of Alexandria (616)
* 622 Battle of Issus (622)
* 624 March 17 - Battle of Badr - Muslim forces under Muhammad defeat a larger pagan Meccan force
* 625 March 23 - Battle of Uhud - Khalid ibn al-Walid defeats a Muslim force, before eventually converting to Islam himself and joining the Muslim forces
* 626 Siege of Constantinople (626)
* 627 -
** Battle of the Trench - A pagan army of the city Mecca fails to capture Muslim held Medina, defended by Muhammad using an early form of trench warfare
** December 12 - Battle of Nineveh - Byzantines defeat Sassanid Persians
* 629 Battle of Mu'tah - Khalid ibn al-Walid leads a small Muslim Arab army against a much larger Roman army in his first battle against the Roman Empire, which results in a stalemate and Khalid being honoured with the title "Sword of Allah"
* 630 Conquest of Mecca - Muhammad and Khalid ibn al-Walid conquer Mecca without any bloodshed
* 631 Battle of Wogastisburg - King Samo defeats Austrasian forces, led by Dagobert I, Merovingian king of the Franks
* 632 Battle of Akraba
* 633 -
** April - Battle of Chains - Khalid ibn al-Walid decisively defeats a Persian army in his first battle against the Persian Empire
** May - Battle of Walaja - Khalid ibn al-Walid decisively defeats the larger forces of the Persian Empire using a double envelopment maneuver
** May - Battle of Ullais - Khalid ibn al-Walid decisively defeats a larger army from the Persian Empire
** November - Battle of Zumail - Khalid ibn al-Walid decisively defeats the Persian forces, conquering most of Mesopotamia (Iraq) from the Persian Empire
** Battle of Hatfield Chase - Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Edwin of Northumbria
* 634 -
** January - Battle of Firaz - Khalid ibn al-Walid decisively defeats the larger combined forces of the Persian Empire, Roman Empire, and Christian Arabs, completing his conquest of Mesopotamia
** June-July - Battle of Bosra - A small Muslim army under Khalid ibn al-Walid lay siege to the city of Bosra, decisively defeating a larger army of Romans and Christian Arabs
** July - Battle of Ajnadayn - The first major pitched battle between the Muslim Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid against a larger Roman army under Heraclius leads to a decisive Muslim victory for Khalid
** Aug-Sept - Conquest of Damascus- Thomas surrenders after four week siege with no relief in sight and Muslim forces inside the city.
** Sept - Battle of Saniyyat-ul-Uqab - 12,000 Byzantines were defeated in an attempt to break the siege of Damascus in a battle 20 miles north of the city
** Sept - Battle of Marj-ud-Deebaj - Refugees from the surrender at damascus are intercepted just short of Antioch and butchered by Muslim forces.
** Battle of Heavenfield - Oswald of Bernicia defeats and kills the Welsh king Cadwallon ap Cadfan of Gwynedd
* 635 Battle of Fahl - Khalid ibn al-Walid decisively defeats the larger forces of the Roman Empire under Heraclius, and conquers Palestine, Jordan and southern Syria from the Roman Empire
* 636 -
** August - Battle of Yarmouk - Muslim Arab forces under Khalid ibn al-Walid crush a larger army of Romans, Greeks, Franks, Russians, Slavs, Armenians, Georgians and Christian Arabs under Heraclius and Constantine III, and conquer the Levant from the Roman Empire
** Battle of al-Qādisiyyah - Muslim Arabs decisively defeat a larger Persian army led by general Rostam Farrokhzād, conquering the Persian capital of Ctesiphon
* 637 -
**Battle of Iron Bridge - Khalid ibn al-Walid decisively defeats a larger Roman army under Heraclius in his final battle against the Roman Empire, conquering northern Syria and southern Turkey
**Battle of Hazir - Khalid ibn al-Walid defeats the garrison of Qinnasrin under Meenas at Hazim in Syria, wiping out the Byzantine force.
* 642 -
** Battle of Nehaward - Muslim Arabs gain a final victory over the Persian Empire, ending the Persian Sassanid dynasty
** Battle of Maserfeld - August 5 - Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald of Bernicia
* 645 Siege of Ansi fortress - Korean Goguryeo forces decisively defeat the Chinese Tang Dynasty.
* 655 Battle of Winwaed - Northumbrian King Oswiu defeats and kills pagan Mercian king Penda
* 656 Battle of Jamal or Battle of Camel
* 658 Battle of Siffin
* 660 Battle of Hwangsanbeol - Took place between forces of Silla and Baekje
* 674 First Arab Siege of Constantinople - The Byzantines defeat the Arabs after 4 years of siege
* 677 Battle of Syllaeum - Arab fleet destroyed by the Byzantine Empire
* 680 Battle of Kerbela - October 10 - Husain killed, becomes Shiite martyr
* 685 Battle of Dunnichen - Picts defeat Northumbrians in Scotland
* 689 Battle of Coronate - The army of Cunincpert, king of the Lombards, defeat the followers of the usurper Alahis on the Adda River.
* 692 Battle of Sevastapol - Arabs defeat Justinian II
* 698 -
** Battle of Carthage - Umayyad conquest of North Africa
** Battle of Tianmenling - The battle which Collision the supremacy of the Manchuria between Balhae and Tang Dynasty.

8th century

* 709 Battle of Kabul - Islamic conquest of Afghanistan
* 711 Battle of Guadalete - Visigoth army is defeated by Muslim Army.
* 715 Battle of Compiègne - The first significant battle of the Frankish Civil War of 715–718.
* 716 -
** Battle of Cologne Part of the Frankish Civil War of 715–718. Charles Martel suffers his only defeat.
** Battle of Amblève - Part of the Frankish Civil War of 715–718. Charles Martel defeated his Neustrian and Frisian rivals.
* 717 Battle of Vincy - Part of the Frankish Civil War. Charles Martel and the Austrasians defeat the Frankish king, Chilperic II, and his mayor of the palace, Ragenfrid.
* 718 -
** Battle of Soissons The last significant battles of the Frankish civil war with Charles Martel victorious.
** Battle of Covadonga - Spanish Christians defeat Moors for the first time (date uncertain 718 - 725)
* 721 Battle of Toulouse June 9 - Moors lose to Odo of Aquitaine
* 729 Battle of Ravenna (729)
* 732 Battle of Tours - October 10 - Moors lose to Charles Martel near Poitiers
* 734 Battle of the Boarn - Charles Martel conquers West Frisia.
* 746 Battle of Rupar Thutha - Kufa and Mosul taken by Marwan II.
* 750 -
** Battle of Bråvalla - The Danish army is defeated by the Swedish.
** Battle of Zab - Fall of the Umayyads and rise of the Abbasids
* 751 Battle of Talas - Arabs defeat Chinese
* 756 Battle of Yongqiu
* 757 Battle of Suiyang
* 772 Battle of Janbi - Rustamid state established in Morocco
* 778 Battle of Roncesvalles - Charlemagne's rear guard Roland devastated by Basques

9th century

* 811 Battle of Pliska - Forces of Nicephorus I of the Byzantine Empire walk into trap of Bulgarian khan Krum
* 813 Battle of Versinikia - Bulgars again defeat the Byzantines
* 825 Battle of Ellandun - Egbert of Wessex defeats Beornwulf of Mercia
* 838 Battle of Anzen - Theophilus surrenders to the Arab
* 845 Battle of Ballon - Charles the Bald is defeated by the Bretons of Nominoe
* 849 Battle of Ostia - Christian fleet defeats Saracens
* 863 Battle of Lalakaon - Byzantines defeat the Arabs
* 870 Battle of Englefield - Anglo-Saxons under Aethelwulf defeat the Danes
* 871 Battle of Reading - Ethelred of Wessex and Alfred the Great defeated by a Danish army
* 878 -
** Battle of Bathys Ryax - Basil I of the Byzantine Empire defeats the Paulician heretics
** Battle of Edington
** Vikings defeat forces of St Cuthbert in West Sussex
* 891 Battle of Leuven - Arnulf of Carinthia defeats Vikings

10th century

* 910 Battle of Tettenhall - between Edward the Elder and the Yorkshire Danes. The Danish were defeated.
* 915 Battle of Corbridge I
* 915 Battle of Garigliano - Christian League defeats the Saracen bands in southern Lazio
* 917 Battle of Anchialus - August 20 - Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria invades Thrace and drive Byzantines out
* 918 Battle of Corbridge II
* 923 Battle of Soissons - June 15 - Rollo of Normandy killed by Charles III, but Charles is defeated and imprisoned by Rudolf duke of Burgundy who succeeded Robert
* 927 Battle of the Bosnian Highlands May 27 Simeon I of Bulgaria decisively defeated by King Tomislav of Croatia
* 933 Battle of Merseburg - Fowler Henry Holy Roman Emperor defeats Magyars.
* 937 Battle of Brunanburh - Athelstan of England defeats a combined Norse-Celtic force
* 955 Battle of Lechfeld - August 10 - Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Magyars, ends invasion of West
* 962 Battle of Bands - Indulf of Scotland is killed in battle with Danish pirates
* 969 Sviatoslav I of Kiev captures Preslav, the Bulgarian capital
* 971 Battle of Dorostolon - Byzantine emperor John Tzimisces defeats the Rus'
* 972 Battle of Cedynia - Mieszko I of Poland defeated Hodon of Germany
* 979 Battle of Pankalia - The Byzantine commander Bardas Phocas defeated the rebel general Bardas Skleros.
* 982 Battle of Crotone - July 13 or 14 - Emperor Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor is defeated by a Kalbid army
* 991 Battle of Maldon - August 10 - Olaf Tryggvason's Vikings defeat English of Ealdorman Brihtnoth of Essex
* 999 Battle of Glenmama - Brian Boru defeats Vikings

11th century

* 1000 Battle of Swold semi-legendary battle between Norway and the other Scandinavians
* 1014 -
** Battle of Clontarf - April 23 - Irish King Brian Boru ends Norse rule of Ireland
** Battle of Kleidion Byzantine Emperor Basil II conquers the Bulgarians, ending Bulgarian independence for 171 years
* 1016 -
**Battle of Nesjar Future Norwegian king Saint Olav Haraldsson laid foundation for his reign in this victory.
** Battle of Ashingdon - October 18 - Danes led by Canute the Great defeat an English army led by King Edmund II ('Ironside'). The battle was the conclusion to the Danish reconquest of England.
* 1018 -
** Battle of Carham - Máel Coluim II King of Scots Defeats Northumbrians
** Battle of Vlaardingen Count Dirk III defeats an army sent by Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor at Vlaardingen
** Battle of Heunghwajin Korean defeat the Khitan.
** Battle of Kwiju The major battle during the Third Goryeo-Khitan War
* 1021 Battle of Shirimni - September 11 - Byzantine Empire defeats Georgia
* 1022 Battle of Svindax Byzantine Emperor Basil II defeats Giorgi I of Georgia, forcing him to accept a treaty.
* 1030 Battle of Stiklestad Norwegian King Saint Olaf Haraldsson killed in the battle but it ensured Christianization of Norway
* 1040 Battle of Dandanaqan Seljuk Turks defeated the Ghaznavid Turks and began occupying Khorasan.
* 1042 Battle of Sasireti Byzantine Empire intervenes in a civil war in Georgia in favor of the rebels. Royal army of Georgia crushed.
* 1053 Battle of Civitate Robert Guiscard's Normans destroy the army of Pope Leo IX.
* 1054 Battle of Dunsinane Malcolm defeats MacBeth
* 1057 Battle of Lumphanan MacBeth is killed in battle against Malcolm's forces
* 1063 Battle of Graus Castile and Zaragoza defeat Aragon
* 1066 -
** Battle of Stamford Bridge - September 25 - Harold Godwinson of England defeated his brother Tostig Godwinson and Harald III of Norway
** Battle of Hastings - October 14, William the Conqueror defeats Harold Godwinson
* 1071 -
** Battle of Manzikert Byzantines lose Asia Minor, Emperor Romanus IV Diogenes leads Christians against Seljuk Turks
** Byzantines lose Bari, their last possession in Italy, to the Norman Robert Guiscard
* 1078 Battle of Kalavryai Alexius Comnenus defeats Nicephorus Bryennius
* 1079 Battle of Cabra
* 1081 Battle of Dyrrhachium Robert Guiscard defeats the Byzantines
* 1086 Battle of az-Zallaqah - October 23 - Almoravides victory over Castile
* 1091 Battle of Levounion April 29 - Byzantines defeat the Pechenegs
* 1093 Battle of Alnwick - Malcolm III of Scotland was killed by English Knights
* 1093 Battle of the Stugna River The Kypchaks defeat Chernihiv and Kiev
* 1097 -
** Siege of Nicaea - May 14 - June 19, Byzantines and Crusaders defeat Muslims at Nicaea
** Battle of Dorylaeum July 1, first Christian victory of the First Crusade
** Battle of Gvozd Mountain, Croatian-Hungarian War of 1097
* 1098 Siege of Antioch - June 3 - Crusaders capture Antioch after a lengthy siege
* 1099 -
** Siege of Jerusalem - July 15 - Crusaders capture Jerusalem after a lengthy siege and bloody street-fighting
** Battle of Ascalon August 12 Crusaders defeat the Egyptians at Ascalon

12th century

* 1101 -
**Battle of Ramla Crusaders defeat the Egyptians
** Battle of Mersivan - August - Seljuk Turks defeat Crusaders
** Battle of Heraclea (1101) - September - Seljuks defeat Crusaders
* 1104 Battle of Harran Baldwin II of Jerusalem is captured by the Seljuk Turks
* 1105 Battle of Artah Crusaders defeat Aleppo
* 1106 Battle of Tinchebray - 28 September - Henry I of England defeats his brother Robert of Normandy in northwestern France
* 1108 Battle of Uclés May 29 Almoravides victory over Castilians; Sancho, son and heir of Alfonso VI of Castile, is slain
* 1109
** Battle of Naklo Boleslaus III of Poland defeats Pomeranians
** Battle of Hundsfeld Boleslaus III of Poland defeats German king Henry V
** Battle of Głogów - August 14 - Boleslaus III successfully holds the town of Głogów against Henry V.
* 1115 -
** Battle of Sarmin Crusaders defeat Turks
** Battle of Welfesholz Lothair I of Supplinburg defeats Henry V.
* 1119 Battle of Ager Sanguinis (the Field of Blood) - June 28 - Ilghazi defeats Crusaders
* 1121 Battle of Didgori - August 12 - Georgia defeats Seljuk Turks.
* 1122 Battle of Beroia - Byzantines defeat Pechenegs
* 1125 Battle of Azaz - June 11 - Crusaders defeat Seljuks
* 1126 Battle of Marj es-Suffar Crusaders defeat Seljuks
* 1132 Battle of Nocera Roger II of Sicily defeated in his first major engagement by Ranulf II, Count of Alife
* 1136 Battle of Crug Mawr Welsh under Owain Gwynedd defeat the Normans
* 1137 Battle of Rignano Roger II of Sicily is defeated in a major engagement by Ranulf, Duke of Apulia, again. Sergius VII of Naples dies.
* 1138 Battle of the Standard - August 22 - English defeat army of David I of Scotland
* 1140 Siege of Weinsberg
* 1144 Siege of Edessa - November 28-December 24 - Zengi captures Edessa
* 1147 -
**Siege of Lisbon Crusaders capture Lisbon
**Battle of Dorylaeum (1147) - October 25 - Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III
* 1148 Siege of Damascus Defeat of the Second Crusade
* 1149 Battle of Inab - June 29 - Raymond of Antioch killed in battle against Nur ad-Din
* 1151 Battle of Móin Mhór Kingdom of Leinster defeats Kingdom of Thomond
* 1153 Battle of Ascalon Jerusalem captures Ascalon from Egypt
* 1157 Battle of Grathe Heath
* 1164 Battle of Harim - August 12 - Crusader defeat
* 1167 -
** Battle of Sirmium Byzantine Empire defeats Hungary
** Battle of al-Babein Crusader invasion of Egypt is defeated
** Battle of Monte Porzio - May 29 - Imperialists under Christian of Mainz and Rainald of Dassel defeat large Roman army
* 1174 Battle of Alnwick William I of Scotland was defeated by a small English Force
* 1176 -
** Battle of Legnano - May 29 - Lombard League defeats and wounds the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
** Battle of Myriokephalon Seljuk Turks defeat army of Emperor Manuel I Comnenus of the Byzantine Empire in Phrygia
* 1177 Battle of Montgisard - November 25 - Saladin is defeated by the Kingdom of Jerusalem
* 1179 Battle of Jacob's Ford Saladin defeats the Kingdom of Jerusalem
**Siege of Taillebourg A young Richard the Lionheart takes a rebel castle in Aquitaine which was previously considered impregnable.
* 1180 -
** First Battle of Uji Taira clan defeats Minamoto clan, killing Prince Mochihito
** Siege of Nara Taira clan destroys city during Genpei War.
** Battle of Ishibashiyama - September 14 - Minamoto victory near Mount Fuji.
** Battle of Fujigawa - November 9 - Taira forces flee after fake surprise attack.
* 1181 -
** Battle of Sunomatagawa - April 25 - Minamoto sneak attack thwarted.
** Battle of Yahagigawa - Minamoto clan forced to withdraw, but Taira clan unable to pursue.
* 1183 -
** Siege of Hiuchi - Taira clan captures fortress, but Minamoto defenders escape.
** Battle of Kurikara - June 2 - Decisive Minamoto victory.
** Battle of Shinohara - Minamoto victory. Several single combats prior to main battle.
** Siege of Kerak (November) - Saladin lays siege to Raynald of Chatillon's stronghold during marriage of Humphrey IV of Toron and Isabella of Jerusalem. King Baldwin IV's arrival forces Saladin to withdraw.
** Battle of Mizushima - November 17 - Taira naval victory.
** Siege of Fukuryūji - Minamoto forces capture fortress.
** Battle of Muroyama - Taira clan five-wave assault defeats Minamoto forces.
* 1184 -
** Siege of Hōjūjidono - Minamoto no Yoshinaka's faction captures Emperor Go-Shirakawa.
** Second Battle of Uji - February 19 - Minamoto no Yoshinaka defeated by the rest of the Minamoto, forced away from the capital at Kyoto.
** Battle of Awazu - February 21 - Minamoto no Yoshinaka killed.
** Battle of Ichi-no-Tani - March 18 - Minamoto victory, Taira no Tadanori killed.
** Battle of Kojima - Minamoto victory during Genpei War
* 1185 -
** Battle of Yashima - Taira forces confounded and defeated.
** Battle of Dan-no-ura in Japan - Last battle of Genpei War
* 1187 -
** Battle of Cresson - May 1 - Al-Afdal (Saladin's eldest son) defeats the small crusader army at Nazareth
** Battle of Hattin - July 4 - Saladin destroys Crusader army
** Siege of Jerusalem Saladin captures Jerusalem
* 1189 Battle of Acre Crusaders defeat Saladin outside Acre
* 1191 Battle of Arsuf September 7 - Richard Lionheart's forces repel Saladin's attack
* 1192 Battle of Jaffa - August 5 - Richard I defeats Saladin
* 1195 Battle of Alarcos - July 18 - Almohad victory over Castile
* 1198 Battle of Gisors Richard I versus Philip II of France

13th century

* 1202 Battle of Basian Kingdom of Georgia defeats Seljuk Turks.
* 1204 the Fourth Crusade captures Constantinople
* 1205 Battle of Adrianople - Fourth Crusade
* 1210 - Battle of Ümera - Estonian forces defeat the Livonian Order, during the Livonian crusade.
* 1211 - Battle of Viljandi - Estonian victory over the Livonian Order, during the Livonian crusade.
* 1212 - Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa - July 16 - Moors expelled from most of Iberia by a joint army of the Christian kingdoms of Castile, León, Portugal, Navarre and Aragon.
* 1213 -
** Battle of Damme - May 30-31 - English under William Longsword, Earl of Salisbury, sink most of fleet of France's King Philip II in the harbor of Damme.
** Battle of Muret - September 12 - French crusaders under Simon de Montfort defeat forces of Aragon and Catalonia, killing King Peter II of Aragon. End of Aragonese intervention in Languedoc.
* 1214 -
** Battle of Bouvines - July 27 - French defeat Otto IV of Germany and conquer Flanders and Angevin territories in France
** Battle of Tournai France defeats Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor and King John of England
** Battle of Beijing - Genghis Khan and the Mongols capture Beijing
* 1216 Battle of Lipitsa Konstantin of Rostov defeats his younger brothers, Yuri and Yaroslav
* 1217 -
** Battle of South Foreland - Fleet of English Hubert and Burgh defeat French fleet of Eustace the Monk off Dover
** Battle of Otepää - Estonian and Russian victory over the Livonian Order, during the Livonian crusade.
** Battle of St. Matthew's Day - The Livonian Order and its allies defeat Estonians, during the Livonian crusade.
* 1218 - Siege of Damietta during Fifth Crusade
* 1219 - Battle of Lyndanisse - Danish forces under Valdemar II defeat the Estonians, during the Livonian crusade.
* 1220 - Battle of Lihula - Invading Swedish forces are defeated by Estonians, during the Livonian Crusade.
* 1223 - Battle of Kalka River - May 31 - Subutai leads Mongols as they show force in Ukraine
* 1230 - 9 March - Battle of Klokotnitsa - Victory for the Second Bulgarian Empire over the Despotate of Epirus.
* 1230 - Siege of Dun Beal Gallimhe week-long inconclusive battle between the Irish and Normans.
* 1231 - Battle of Jerez - Castile defeats Moorish forces of Abu Jafar Ibn Hud
* 1234 - Battle of Cortenuova - Emperor |Frederick II defeats the Northern Italy Communes
* 1238 -
** March 4 Battle of the Sit River Mongols led by Batu Khan defeat Vladimir-Suzdal forces, Yuri II killed
** Siege of Brescia Long siege during the war between Frederick II of Sicily and the Guelphs of Northern Italy
* 1239 Siege of Faenza Long siege during the war between Frederick II of Sicily and the Guelphs of Northern Italy
* 1240 Battle of the Neva - June 15 - Alexander Nevsky stops the Swedish invasion of Russia
* 1241 April 9 Battle of Liegnitz - Mongols of the Golden Horde defeat feudal nobility including Knights Templar in Silesia and then go to Hungary
* 1241 April 11 Battle of Mohi - Mongol forces under Batu Khan and Subutai defeats the Hungarian army under the king Bela IV of Hungary.
* 1242 Battle on Lake Peipus - April 5 - Alexander Nevsky defeats Teutonic Knights
* 1243 Siege of Viterbo Frederick II of Sicily sieges in vain Viterbo
* 1244 Battle of La Forbie - October 17 - Crusaders defeated by Ayyubids
* 1246 Battle of Haugsnes - April 19 - The largest and bloodiest battle in Icelandic history where the forces of Thordur Kakali defeat Gissur Thorvaldsson
* 1247 Sack of Dun Gallimhe, Normans defeated by the Irish.
* 1248 Battle of Parma or Vittoria - February 18 - Frederick II of Sicily is defeated by the Guelphs
* 1249 Battle of Fossalta - May 26 - King Enzio of Sardinia is captured by Bolognese in a clash between Guelphs and Ghibellines
* 1250 -
** Seventh Crusade is defeated at Al-Mansurah
** Battle of Fariskur - April 6 - Egyptians defeat Seventh Crusade forces of Louis IX of France
** Battle of Cingoli Papal and Guelph army is crushed by an Imperial and Italian army
* 1254 Battle of Adrianople - Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars
* 1255 Battle of Montebruno - February 23 - Astigiani defeats Thomas II of Savoy
* 1257 -
** Battle of Cadfan - The Welsh rout the English at Cadfan
** Creadran-Cille; Normans driven out of Lower Connacht
* 1258 Battle of Baghdad - January 29-February 13 - Hulagu Khan defeats the Abbasid caliphate
* 1259
**Battle of Pelagonia - September - Byzantines defeat the Principality of Achaea
**Battle of Cassano - September 27 - Ezzelino III da Romano is defeated by the crusade army of the Guelphs.
* 1260 -
** Battle of Kressenbrunn - July - Premysl Ottokar II defeats Bela IV
** Battle of Ain Jalut - September 3 - Egyptian Mamluk army defeats Mongols north of Palestine
** Battle of Montaperti - September 4 - Sienese defeat Florentines (Guelphs and Ghibellines)
* 1261 Battle of Callann - Finghin Mac Carthy defeats Normans
* 1263 Battle of Largs - Scots versus Norwegians, no definitive victory for either
* 1264 Battle of Lewes - May 14 - (Second Barons' War) English rebels under Simon de Montfort defeat Henry III of England.
* 1265 Battle of Evesham - August 4 - (Second Barons' War) English under Prince Edward defeat rebels under Simon de Montfort
* 1266 Battle of Benevento - February 26 - Charles of Anjou defeats Manfred of Sicily and conquers his kingdom (Guelphs and Ghibellines)
* 1268 -
** Battle of Rakovor - Russian victory over the Livonian Order.
** Battle of Xiangyang - First war ever involving the usage of firearms
** Battle of Tagliacozzo - August 23 - Charles of Anjou defeats Conradin (Guelphs and Ghibellines)
*1269 - June 15 - Battle of Colle Val d'Elsa
* 1270 -
**Battle of Karuse - Lithuanian victory over the Livonian Order.
**Ath an Chip - Normans heavily defeated by the Irish.
* 1274 Battle of Bun'ei - November 19 Mongols invade Japan, are forced to retreat
* 1275 Battle of Roccavione - December 12 Charles I of Anjou's Neapolitan army is defeated by the Piedmontese league led by Asti
*1277 Battle of Desio - A Visconti army under Ottone Visconti defeats the della Torre family troops.
* 1278 Battle of Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen (also known as Battle on the "Marchfeld") August 26 Rudolf of Habsburg defeats Ottakar II Przemysl.
* 1279 Battle of Yamen - March 19 - Yuan Dynasty defeats Song Dynasty, young emperor Bing drowned
* 1281 -
** Battle of Kōan - August 15 - Typhoon wipes out the invading fleet of Kublai Khan in Japan
** Battle of Homs - October - Mamluks defeat Mongols
* 1288 Battle of Worringen - June 5 - Battle for duchy of Limburg
* 1289 Battle of Campaldino Florence defeats Arezzo
* 1291 Siege of Acre - Mameluks capture the last Crusader city
* 1296 -
** Battle of Dunbar - April 27 English defeat Scots and occupy much of Scotland; first battle of the Wars of Scottish Independence
** Battle of Curzota Genoa defeats Venetian fleet including Marco Polo
* 1297 -
** Battle of Stirling Bridge - September 11 - Scots under William Wallace defeat English of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey
** Battle of Furnes - August 20 - French under Robert II of Artois defeat the Flemish at Bulskamp, near Furnes (Veurne)
* 1298 Battle of Falkirk (1298) - July 22 - in Stirlingshire - English archers defeat Scots led by William Wallace, English longbow's first great victory
* 1299 First Siege of Stirling Castle - Scottish forces besiege constable John Sampson.
** Battle of Falconaria - December 1 - Sicilians under Frederick II of Sicily defeat Neapolitans under Philip I of Taranto

14th century

* 1302 -
**Battle of the Golden Spurs - July 11 - In Flanders, Flemish burghers led by William of Jülich and Pieter de Coninck defeat French knights
**Battle of Bapheus - July 27 - The founder of the Ottoman Dynasty Osman I defeated a Byzantine force
* 1304 -
** Second Siege of Stirling Castle - April - July - Edward I besieges the Scots. The Warwolf siege engine is constructed and first used during this battle.
** Battle of Mons-en-Pévèle - August 17 - Lowland rebels defeated the French under King Philip IV. The French claimed victory, as they remained in possession of the battlefield. A bloody draw.
* 1306 Battle of Methven Forces of the Earl of Pembroke defeat newly-crowned Robert the Bruce and his small Scottish army
* 1307 Battle of Loudon Hill Scots under Robert Bruce defeated the English.
* 1311 Battle of Halmyros - March 15 - Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne and goes on to capture Athens and Thebes
* 1313 Battle of Gamelsdorf - November 9 - Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria.
* 1314 Battle of Bannockburn Robert the Bruce defeats Edward II, takes Stirling Castle and frees Scotland
* 1315 -
** Battle of Montecatini - August 29 - Pisa defeats allied forces of Florence and the Kingdom of Naples
** Battle of Morgarten - November 15 - Swiss defeat Leopold I of Austria
* 1316 -
** Battle of Manolada - July 5 - Louis of Burgundy defeats Ferdinand of Majorca
** Second Battle of Athenry - August 10 - English defeated the Irish under Felim O'Connor, King of Connacht.
* 1318 -
** Battle of Dysert O'Dea Irish defeated the English.
** Battle of Faughart English defeated a Scots-Irish army under Edward Bruce.
* 1322 -
** Battle of Boroughbridge English defeated a rebel English army fighting for the Scots.
** Battle of Mühldorf September 28 Louis the Bavarian defeats Frederick I of Austria
* 1325 -
** Battle of Zappolino Communal struggle between Bologna and Modena
** Battle of Varey
* 1328 -
** Battle of Cassel French under Philip VI defeated Lowland rebels.
* 1329 -
** Battle of Pelekanon - June 10 - The second ruler of the Ottoman Dynasty Orhan I defeated the Byzantine emperor Andronicus III
** Battle of Ardnocher Irish force led by William MacGeoghegan defeats English army under Thomas Butler.
* 1330 -
** Battle of Posada - November 9 - Basarab I defeats Charles I of Hungary
** Battle of Fiodh an Atha Ualgarg O'Rourke defeated by the English.
* 1332 -
** Battle of Dupplin Moor English supporting Edward Balliol, Scottish pretender, defeated the Scots.
** Battle of Płowce - September 27- Poland's Ladislas IV Lokietek defeats Teutonic Knights
* 1333 Battle of Halidon Hill - July 19 - Edward III of England avenges Bannockburn
* 1336 Battle of Minatogawa - Kusunoki Masashige, obeying Emperor Go-Daigo's orders, leads an imperial army into a disastrous defeat by the Ashikaga. Kusunoki commits suicide.
* 1337 -
** Battle of Cadsand English defeated pro-French garrison of Cadsand in Flanders.
** Siege of Kanagasaki Ashikaga victory during Nanboku-cho Wars.
* 1340 -
** Battle of Parabiago - Rebel Lodrisio Visconti is defeated by the Visconti of Milan army
** Battle of Sluys - June 24 - Edward III beats Franco-Genoese fleet of Philip VI of France off the coast of Flanders and gains control of English Channel
** Battle of Saint-Omer - July 26 - Anglo-Flemish force driven back from the town by a French army.
** Battle of Rio Salado - October 30 - Alfonso XI of Castile and Alfonso IV of Portugal defeat the Marinid under Sultan Abul-Hassan and the Granadine under King Yusuf I.
* 1341 -
** Battle of Champtoceaux - October 1341 - Begins Breton War of Succession
* 1342 -
** Battle of Brest - 18 August - English fleets defeats Genoese mercenaries.
** Battle of Morlaix Besieged by the English, a French relief army broke the siege of Morlaix. When the English retreated into a wood, the French withdrew.
* 1345 -
** Battle of Auberoche English relief army lifted a siege by the French.
** Battle of Gamenario Ghibelline Asti and John II of Montferrat defeat the Neapolitan Guelph League army
** Battle of Lough Neagh naval battle between Hugh O'Neill and the Clann Hugh Buidhe
** Battle of Warns Frisians defeat Dutch invasion force led by William IV, Count of Holland
* 1346 -
** Battle of Calry Lough Gill O Rourke soundly defeated by the O Connors.
** Battle of St-Pol-de-Leon English defeated the French.
** Battle of Caen English force captured and sacked the town
** Battle of Blanchetaque English under Edward III crossed the Somme
** Battle of Crécy - August 26 - English longbowmen defeat French cavalry at Abbeville
** Battle of Neville's Cross English defeated the Scots under King David Bruce
* 1347 -
** Siege of Calais - September 4, 1346 – August 3, 1347 - English forces capture the city.
**Battle of Porta San Lorenzo (Rome) - November - The people of Rome defeats the baronal troops of Stefano Colonna.
** Battle of La Roche-Derrien English relief army lifted a French siege.
* 1349 -
** Battle of Lunalonge Anglo-Gascons defeated the French but the Anglo-Gascons had to withdraw during the night.
** Battle of Llucmajor - October 25 - James IV of Majorca defeated and killed by troops of Aragon.
*1350 Les Espagnols sur Mer English fleet defeats Castilian fleet.
* 1351 -
** Combat of the Thirty Thirty French knights from Chateau Josselin under Beaumanoir call out and defeat thirty English knights under Robert Bemborough.
** Battle of Saintes English relief army lifted a French siege.
** Battle of Ardres French defeated the English.
* 1352 Battle of Mauron Anglo-Bretons defeated the French.
* 1354 Battle of Sapienza Genoans destroy Venetian fleet
* 1356 -
** Baile Loch Deacair in south Connacht.
** Battle of Poitiers - October 25 - Edward the Black Prince captures King John II of France, France plunges into chaos
* 1358 Battle of Mello Army of French nobles crushes the Peasant Jacquerie.
* 1361 Battle of Wisby Danish defeated the Swedish
* 1362 -
** Battle of Helsingborg - Danish-German War
** Battle of Brignais - April 6 - Free Companies defeat the French.
* 1364 -
** Battle of Cocherel - May 16 - French defeat Gascon-Navarrese-Normans.
**Battle of Cascina - July 26 - Battle between Republics of Pisa and Florence.
** Battle of Auray - September 29 - End of Breton War of Succession English defeat Franco-Bretons.
* 1365 Battle of Adrianople Capture by Ottoman Turks
* 1367 Battle of Nájera English under the Black Prince and Don Pedro of Castile defeated the Franco-Castilians.
* 1369 -
** English of Munster and Desmond soundly defeated by O Brian, at or near Limerick.
** Battle of Montiel Franco-Castilians under King Henry II of Castile defeated Portuguese-Marinids-Grenadines-Jews under Don Pedro of Castile.
* 1371 -
**Battle of Baesweiler Edward, Count of Guelders and William II, Duke of Jülich defeat Wenceslaus, Duke of Brabant.
** Battle of Maritsa - September 26 - Serbs under their ruler Vukashin were defeated by an Ottoman force.
* 1372 Battle of La Rochelle Naval battle. Castilian-Franco fleet defeats the English fleet. English sea dominance destroyed.
* 1373 Battle of Chiset (Chizai) French defeated an English relief army trying to lift the siege of Chiset.
* 1377 - Cesena Bloodbath - February - 2,500/5,000 inhabitants of the Italian city of Cesena are slaughtered by Papal troops led by John Hawkwood during the War of the Eight Saints.
* 1380 - Battle of the Snipes' Field Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow halts the Mongols
* 1382 - Battle of Roosebeke French & Castilian forces under King Charles VI of France defeated Flemish and English forces.
* 1383 - Trian Chongail; Hugh O Neill and Robin savage kill each other in a cavalry charge.
* 1384 - Battle of Atoleiros - April 6 - Nuno Alvares Pereira (Portuguese general) defeats Castile
* 1385 -
** Tochar Cruachain-Bri-Ele; O Conchobhair, King of Ui Falighe, soundly defeats the English of Meath.
** Battle of Trancoso - May - An army sent by John I of Castile is defeated by Portuguese.
** Battle of Aljubarrota - August 14 - Portugal gains independence from Castile, John I establishes Avis dynasty
** Battle of Savra at which the Serbian forces under Balša II and Ivaniš Mrnjavčević were defeated by Ottoman commander Hayreddin Pasha near Berat
* 1386 - Battle of Sempach - July 9 Swiss defeat Leopold III of Austria
* 1387 - Battle of Castagnaro - March 11 - Giovanni Ordelaffi and Ostasio da Polenta, for Verona, defeated by John Hawkwood and Francesco Novello Carraresi, for Padua.
* 1388 -
** Battle of Otterburn August 9 English defeated in Scottish/English border dispute
** Battle of Bileća 27 August Bosnians and Serbians defeat the Ottomans
* 1389 - Battle of Kosovo Polje Ottoman army gathered by Murad I and Serbian army under Knez Lazar beat each other into the ground. There is no clear outcome.
* 1391 - Battle of Alessandria Paduan army under John Hawkwood defeats Veronese under Giovanni Ordelaffi
* 1394 -
** Ros-mic-Triuin; King of Leinster attacks and defeats the English
** Battle of Rovine - October 10 - Mircea cel Batrin the voievod of Wallachia defeated Beyazid I, sultan of the Ottoman Empire
* 1395 - Battle of Portomaggiore - April 16 - Astorre I Manfredi for the Republic of Venice and Niccolò III d'Este beat Ferrarese rebel Azzo X d'Este
* 1396 - Battle of Nicopolis - September 25 - French-Hungarian crusade defeated by Ottoman Empire
* 1399 -
** Battle of Tragh-Bhaile; the Anglo-Irish defeat the sons of Henry O Neill.
** Battle of the Vorskla River Vytautas the Great of Lithuania is defeated by generals of Tamerlane


List of battles: before 601 - 601-1400 - 1401-1800 - 1801-1900 - 1901-2000 - 2001-current


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