Uganda Martyrs


Uganda Martyrs

The Uganda Martyrs were Christian converts who were murdered for their faith in the historical kingdom of Buganda, now part of Uganda.

Contents

Charles Lwanga and his companions

Charles Lwanga and his companions
Karoli Lwanga and his followers.jpg
Died 1885–1887,Uganda
Martyred by Mwanga II
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Anglican Communion
Beatified

1920

by Pope Benedict XV
Canonized

October 18, 1964

by Pope Paul VI
Major shrine Basilica Church of the Uganda Martyrs, Namugongo
Feast June 3
Notable martyrs Charles Lwanga
Kizito

Saint Charles (Carl) Lwanga and his companions, Martyrs of Uganda, were a group of Christians (both Roman Catholics and Anglicans) who were murdered by Mwanga II, the Kabaka (King) of Buganda, between 1885 and 1887.[citation needed] These deaths were part of a three-way religious struggle for political control of the Buganda royal court. In 1877, the Church Missionary Society in London had sent Protestant missionaries to the court, followed two years later by the French Catholic White Fathers. These two competed with each other and the Zanzibar-based Muslim traders for converts and influence. By the mid-1880s, many members of the Buganda court had converted and become proxies for the religious and nationalist conflict being played out in the court. Kabaka Mwanga II, upon his ascent to the throne, attempted to destroy the foreign influences he felt threatened the Buganda state, but was instead deposed by armed converts in 1888.[1]

Anglican James Hannington, the Protomartyr, had been dispatched to be the bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa, but he was executed with his companions before they could enter Buganda.

Twenty-two of the martyrs were Roman Catholics and were canonized by Pope Paul VI on October 18, 1964. Although the Anglicans were not canonized in the Roman Catholic Church, the Pope did mention them.[2] Their feast day is June 3. They were:[3]

  1. Achileo Kiwanuka
  2. Adolphus Ludigo-Mukasa
  3. Ambrosius Kibuuka
  4. Anatoli Kiriggwajjo
  5. Anderea Kaggwa
  6. Antanansio Bazzekuketta
  7. Bruno Sserunkuuma
  8. Charles Lwanga
  9. Denis Ssebuggwawo Wasswa
  10. Gonzaga Gonza
  11. Gyavira Musoke
  12. James Buuzaabalyaawo
  13. John Maria Muzeeyi
  14. Joseph Mukasa Balikuddembe
  15. Kizito
  16. Lukka Baanabakintu
  17. Matiya Mulumba
  18. Mbaga Tuzinde
  19. Mugagga Lubowa
  20. Mukasa Kiriwawanvu
  21. Nowa Mawaggali
  22. Ponsiano Ngondwe

The Ugandan Martyrs were featured in the film Millions.

The two martyrs of Paimol

Daudi Okelo and Jildo Irwa
Died 1918,Paimol, Uganda
Means of martyrdom pierced with spears
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified

October 20, 2002

by Pope John Paul II
Feast October 18

The martyrs, Blessed Daudi Okelo and Blessed Jildo Irwa, were two young catechists from Uganda. They belonged to the Acholi tribe, a subdivision of the large Luo group. They lived and were martyred in the years immediately following the foundation of the mission of Kitgum by the Comboni Missionaries in 1915.[4]

Archbishop Janani Luwum

When commemorating the martyrs of Uganda, the Church of England includes Archbishop Janani Luwum, who was murdered in 1977 by Idi Amin's henchmen; they also commemorate Luwum separately on February 17.

References

  1. ^ Long-Distance Trade and Foreign Contact in Uganda, Library of Congress Country Studies, December 1990 (accessed 6 June 2009)
  2. ^ From the homily at the canonization of the martyrs of Uganda by Pope Paul VI: "Et mentione digni sunt alii etiam, qui, anglicana instituta religiosa profitentes, pro Christi nomine morte affecti sunt." ("And the others are worthy of mention also, who, professing the Anglican religious customs, were afflicted with death for the name of Christ.") Vatican Archive
  3. ^ Martyrs of Uganda from Patron Saints Index
  4. ^ Biography from the Holy See website

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Uganda, Martyrs of — ▪ African history       group of 45 Anglican and Roman Catholic martyrs who were executed during the persecution of Christians under Mwanga, kabaka (ruler) of Buganda (now part of Uganda), from 1885 to 1887. The 22 African Roman Catholic martyrs… …   Universalium

  • Uganda Martyrs University — Infobox University name= Uganda Martyrs University (UMU),Nkozi motto= Virtute et Sapientia Duc Mundum established= 1993 type= Private vice chancellor = Prof. Dr. Charles Olweny deputy vice chancellor= Dr. Simeon Wanyama city= Nkozi country=… …   Wikipedia

  • Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War — Martyrs Born Various Died 1934, 1936 1939 Honored in Roman Catholicism Beatified 1987, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1997, March 11 …   Wikipedia

  • Uganda — Ugandan, adj., n. /yooh gan deuh, ooh gahn /, n. an independent state in E Africa, between the NE Democratic Republic of the Congo and Kenya: member of the Commonwealth of Nations; formerly a British protectorate. 20,604,874; 91,065 sq. mi.… …   Universalium

  • Martyrs of Daimiel — Passionist Martyrs of Daimiel Died 1936,Spain Martyred by Republican regime Means of martyrdom gunshot …   Wikipedia

  • Martyrs of Turon — The martyrs of Turon were a group of eight De La Salle Brothers and a Passionist priest who were executed by revolutionaries in Spain in October 1934. They were canonized in 1999 by Pope John Paul II. Contents 1 Background 2 Incident 3… …   Wikipedia

  • Uganda National Cultural Centre — The Uganda National Cultural Centre (UNCC) is a Ugandan statutory body that was established by the Uganda National Cultural Centre Act, a 1959 Act of Parliament (amended 1965). Officially inaugurated on 2 December 1959, it is charged with:… …   Wikipedia

  • Uganda Christian University — Die Uganda Christian University (UCU, Christliche Universität Uganda) ist eine Universität in Uganda, die von der anglikanischen Church of the Province of Uganda betrieben wird. Die Universität wurde 1997 als Dachorganisation der anglikanischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christian martyrs — The supposed first Christian martyr Saint Stephen, painting by Giacomo Cavedone A Christian martyr is one who is killed for following Christianity, through stoning, crucifixion, burning at the stake or other forms of torture and capital… …   Wikipedia

  • Military history of Uganda — History of Uganda …   Wikipedia