- Penny (British pre-decimal coin)
One Old Penny United Kingdom Value 1 Penny Mass 9.4 g Diameter 31 mm Edge Plain Composition Bronze Years of minting 1860–1970 Catalog number - Obverse Design Queen Elizabeth II Designer Mary Gillick Design date 1953 Reverse Design Britannia This article is part of the History of the English penny series. The Anglo-Saxons (c. 600 – 1066) Early Normans and the Anarchy (1066–1154) Plantagenets (1154–1485) Tudors (1485–1603) Stuarts and Commonwealth (1603–1707) Hanoverians (1714–1901) 20th Century (1901–1970) Decimal Day, 1971 Post-decimalisation (1971–present)
The coin's predecessor, the English silver penny, weighed 24 grains of sterling silver in 1279. Over the centuries that weight had declined to 12 grains and lower.
British silver pennies were minted until about 1750, then occasionally until about 1820; thereafter, they were only minted for Maundy money.
From 1797, pennies for general circulation were minted in copper and were extremely heavy.
In the United States, other than the known uses in numismatics, British Pennies are also used in coin magic, because they are at contrast with the just slightly smaller US half dollar (the half dollar is 30.61 mm in diameter compared to the 31 mm in British Pennies), with their copper sheen compared to the silver in half dollars. Indeed, many routines involve a copper-silver transposition, in which a British Penny and a half dollar change places.
Pennies by period
- The Anglo-Saxons (c. 600–1066)
- The Early Normans and the Anarchy (1066–1154)
- The Plantagenets (1154–1485)
- The Tudors (1485–1603)
- The Stuarts and the Commonwealth (1603–1714)
- The Hanoverians (1714–1901)
- The Twentieth Century Penny (1901–1970)
- Decimal Day, 1971
- Post-decimalisation (1971–present)
- Coincraft's Standard Catalogue English & UK Coins 1066 to Date, Richard Lobel, Coincraft. ISBN 0-9526228-8-2
British coinage Current circulation Commemorative and bullion Withdrawn (decimal)Half penny Withdrawn (pre-decimal,
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