Cordyline


Cordyline
Cordyline
Cordyline fruticosa
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
clade: Angiosperms
clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Lomandroideae
Genus: Cordyline
Comm. ex R.Br.[1]
Species

See text

Synonyms

Charlwoodia Sweet
Cohnia Kunth
Taetsia Medik.[1]

Cordyline is a genus of about 15 species of woody monocotyledonous flowering plants in family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae. The subfamily has previously been treated as a separate family Laxmanniaceae,[2] or Lomandraceae. Other authors have placed the genus in the Agavaceae (now Agavoideae). Cordyline is native to the western Pacific Ocean region, from New Zealand, eastern Australia, southeastern Asia, Polynesia and Hawaii.

The name Cordyline comes from the Greek word kordyle, meaning "club," a reference to the enlarged underground stems or rhizomes.[3]

Contents

Selected species

Formerly placed here

Cultivation and uses

Members of the group are often grown as ornamental plants. Many species have been used as a foodstuff and medicine, for additional details on these and other uses see C. australis. The rhizome was roasted in an hāngi (earth oven) by Māori to extract sugar.[6]

In Vanuatu, cordyline leaves (known locally by the Bislama name nanggaria) are worn tucked into a belt in traditional dances, with different varieties having particular symbolic meanings.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Cordyline Comm. ex R. Br.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-01-19. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?2927. Retrieved 2011-02-08. 
  2. ^ Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x 
  3. ^ Bok-mun Ho (2006). "Cordyline obtecta". Australian National Botanic Gardens. http://www.cpbr.gov.au/gnp/interns-2006/cordyline-obtecta.html. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  4. ^ Russell Young (June 2002). "Australian Cordylines". Australian Plants online. Association of Societies for Growing Australian Plants. http://asgap.org.au/APOL26/jun02-3.html. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  5. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Cordyline". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/splist.pl?2927. Retrieved 2011-02-08. 
  6. ^ Morton, Elsie K. (1964). Crusoes of Sunday Island. Wellington: A.H. & A.W. Reed. p. 53. 

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cordyline — Cordyline …   Wikipédia en Français

  • cordyline — ● cordyline nom féminin Liliacée ornementale arborescente, de serre ou de pleine terre en France, aux petites fleurs blanches. cordyline n. f. BOT Plante de serre chaude ou tempérée (Cordyline terminalis), originaire des îles du Pacifique, dont… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cordyline — n. a genus of Asiatic and Pacific trees or shrubs remarkable for the fact that fragments of the trunk will regrow to form whole plants. Syn: genus {Cordyline}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cordylīne — (C. Commers.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Liliaceae Asparageae, 6. Kl. 13. Ordn. L. Arten: C. hemichrysa, auf der Insel Bourbon; C. cannaefolia, in Neuholland; C. parviflora, schöne Pflanze in Mexico; C. Eschscholziana Mart. (C. Ti.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cordylĭne — Comm., Gattung der Liliazeen, Bäume oder Halbsträucher mit ganzen, langen, schwertförmigen oder linealen Blättern, endständigen, reichblütigen Blütenrispen und mehrsamigen Beeren. Etwa zehn Arten in den wärmern Regionen der Alten Welt, eine in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cordyline — Cordylĭne Com., Pflanzengattg. der Liliazeen, der Dracaena verwandt. Von C. Eschscholtziāna Mart in China und Polynesien dient die Wurzel (Tiwurzel) als Nahrungsmittel und zur Herstellung einer Art Branntwein. Zahlreiche Arten Zierpflanzen, bes.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cordyline — Cordyline …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cordyline — Keulenlilien Cordyline Kulturform, eine der vielen Sorten die sich auch als Zimmerpflanze eignen. Systematik Abteilung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cordyline —   Cordyline …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cordyline — kordilina statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Laksmanijinių (Laxmanniaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Cordyline). atitikmenys: lot. Cordyline angl. dracena vok. Cordyline; Keulenlilie rus. кордилина lenk. kordylina …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas


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