Outline of nanotechnology


Outline of nanotechnology

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to nanotechnology:

Nanotechnology – study of physical phenomena on the nanoscale, dealing with things measured in nanometres, billionths of a meter.

Contents

Branches of nanotechnology

  • Green nanotechnology – use of nanotechnology to enhance the environmental-sustainability of processes currently producing negative externalities. It also refers to the use of the products of nanotechnology to enhance sustainability.
  • Nanoengineering – practice of engineering on the nanoscale.
  • Wet nanotechnology – involves working up to large masses from small ones.

Multi-disciplinary fields that include nanotechnology

  • Nanobiotechnology – intersection of nanotechnology and biology [1].
  • Ceramic engineering – science and technology of creating objects from inorganic, non-metallic materials.
  • Materials science – interdisciplinary field applying the properties of matter to various areas of science and engineering. It investigates the relationship between the structure of materials at atomic or molecular scales and their macroscopic properties.
    • Nanoarchitectonics – arranging nanoscale structural units, which are usually a group of atoms or molecules, in an intended configuration.

Contributing fields

Nanoscience

  • Nanoelectronics – use of nanotechnology on electronic components, including transistors so small that inter-atomic interactions and quantum mechanical properties need to be studied extensively.
  • Nanomechanics – branch of nanoscience studying fundamental mechanical (elastic, thermal and kinetic) properties of physical systems at the nanometer scale.
  • Nanophotonics – study of the behavior of light on the nanometer scale.

Other contributing fields

Risks of nanotechnology

Main article: Implications of nanotechnology
  • Grey goo – hypothetical end-of-the-world scenario involving molecular nanotechnology in which out-of-control self-replicating robots consume all matter on Earth while building more of themselves,[2][3] a scenario known as ecophagy ("eating the environment").[4]

Applications of nanotechnology

Main article: List of nanotechnology applications

Nanomaterials

  • Nanomaterials – field that studies materials with morphological features on the nanoscale, and especially those that have special properties stemming from their nanoscale dimensions.

Fullerenes and carbon forms

Fullerene – any molecule composed entirely of carbon, in the form of a hollow sphere, ellipsoid, or tube. Fullerene spheres and tubes have applications in nanotechnology.

Nanoparticles and colloids

Nanoparticle

Nanomedicine

Nanomedicine

Molecular self-assembly

Molecular self-assembly

Nanoelectronics

Nanoelectronics

Molecular electronics

Molecular electronics

Nanolithography

Nanolithography

Molecular nanotechnology

Molecular nanotechnology

Devices

Microscopes and other devices

Microscopy

Notable organizations in nanotechnology

Main article: List of nanotechnology organizations

Government

Advocacy and information groups

Notable figures in nanotechnology

See also

Further reading

  • Engines of Creation, by Eric Drexler
  • Nanosystems, by Eric Drexler
  • Nanotechnology: A Gentle Introduction to the Next Big Idea by Mark and Daniel Ratner, ISBN 0131014005
  • There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom by Richard Feynman

References

  1. ^ Ehud Gazit, Plenty of room for biology at the bottom: An introduction to bionanotechnology. Imperial College Press, 2007, ISBN 9781860946776
  2. ^ "Grey Goo is a Small Issue". Center for Responsible Nanotechnology. 2003-12-14. http://www.crnano.org/BD-Goo.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  3. ^ "Nanotechnology pioneer slays "grey goo" myths". Nanotechnology. Institute of Physics. 2006-07-06. http://www.iop.org/EJ/news/-topic=763/journal/0957-4484. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  4. ^ Freitas Jr., Robert A. (2000-04-00). "Some Limits to Global Ecophagy by Biovorous Nanoreplicators, with Public Policy Recommendations". http://www.rfreitas.com/Nano/Ecophagy.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 

External links


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