- Outline of nanotechnology
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to nanotechnology:
Branches of nanotechnology
- Green nanotechnology – use of nanotechnology to enhance the environmental-sustainability of processes currently producing negative externalities. It also refers to the use of the products of nanotechnology to enhance sustainability.
- Nanoengineering – practice of engineering on the nanoscale.
- Wet nanotechnology – involves working up to large masses from small ones.
Multi-disciplinary fields that include nanotechnology
- Nanobiotechnology – intersection of nanotechnology and biology .
- Ceramic engineering – science and technology of creating objects from inorganic, non-metallic materials.
- Materials science – interdisciplinary field applying the properties of matter to various areas of science and engineering. It investigates the relationship between the structure of materials at atomic or molecular scales and their macroscopic properties.
- Nanoarchitectonics – arranging nanoscale structural units, which are usually a group of atoms or molecules, in an intended configuration.
- Nanoelectronics – use of nanotechnology on electronic components, including transistors so small that inter-atomic interactions and quantum mechanical properties need to be studied extensively.
- Nanomechanics – branch of nanoscience studying fundamental mechanical (elastic, thermal and kinetic) properties of physical systems at the nanometer scale.
- Nanophotonics – study of the behavior of light on the nanometer scale.
Other contributing fields
- Computer science
- Protein engineering
- Quantum mechanics
- Supramolecular chemistry
- Tissue engineering
Risks of nanotechnology
- Main article: Implications of nanotechnology
- Grey goo – hypothetical end-of-the-world scenario involving molecular nanotechnology in which out-of-control self-replicating robots consume all matter on Earth while building more of themselves, a scenario known as ecophagy ("eating the environment").
Applications of nanotechnology
- Main article: List of nanotechnology applications
- Energy applications of nanotechnology
- Quantum computing – computation using quantum mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform data operations.
- Nanomaterials – field that studies materials with morphological features on the nanoscale, and especially those that have special properties stemming from their nanoscale dimensions.
Fullerenes and carbon forms
Fullerene – any molecule composed entirely of carbon, in the form of a hollow sphere, ellipsoid, or tube. Fullerene spheres and tubes have applications in nanotechnology.
- Allotropes of carbon –
- Aggregated diamond nanorods –
- Buckypaper –
- Carbon nanofoam –
- Carbon nanotube –
- Nanoknot –
- Nanotube membrane –
- Fullerene chemistry –
- Fullerenes in popular culture –
- Endohedral fullerenes –
- Fullerite –
- Graphene –
- Graphene nanoribbon –
- Potential applications of carbon nanotubes –
- Timeline of carbon nanotubes –
Nanoparticles and colloids
- Ceramics processing –
- Colloid –
- Colloidal crystal –
- Diamondoids –
- Nanocomposite –
- Nanocrystal –
- Nanostructure –
- DNA nanotechnology –
- Self-assembled monolayer –
- Supramolecular assembly –
- Break junction –
- Chemical vapor deposition –
- Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)
- Nanocircuits –
- Nanocomputer –
- Nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS)
- Surface micromachining –
- Dip Pen Nanolithography –
- Electron beam lithography –
- Ion-beam sculpting –
- Nanoimprint lithography –
- Photolithography –
- Grey goo –
- Mechanosynthesis –
- Molecular assembler –
- Molecular modelling –
- Nanorobotics –
- Nanochondria –
- Programmable matter –
- Self reconfigurable –
- Self-replication –
- Micromachinery –
- Nano-abacus –
- Nanomotor –
- Nanopore –
- Quantum point contact –
- Synthetic molecular motors –
Microscopes and other devices
- Atomic force microscope –
- Scanning tunneling microscope –
- Scanning probe microscope –
- IBM Millipede –
- Sarfus –
Notable organizations in nanotechnology
- Main article: List of nanotechnology organizations
- National Cancer Institute (US)
- National Institutes of Health (US)
- National Nanotechnology Initiative (US)
- Russian Nanotechnology Corporation (RU)
- Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) (EU)
Advocacy and information groups
- American Chemistry Council (US)
- American Nano Society (US)
- Center for Responsible Nanotechnology (US)
- Foresight Institute (US)
- Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies (global)
Notable figures in nanotechnology
- Vicki Colvin Director for the Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology, Rice University
- Norio Taniguchi - coined the term "nanotechnology"
- Richard Feynman - gave the first mention of some of the distinguishing concepts in a 1959 talk
- Eric Drexler - was the first to theorise about nanotechnology in depth and popularised the subject
- Robert Freitas - nanomedicine theorist
- Ralph Merkle - nanotechnology theorist
- Joseph Wang - pioneer in electrochemical sensors xploiting nanostructured materials; synthetic nanomotors
- Sumio Iijima - discoverer of carbon nanotube
- Richard Smalley - co-discoverer of buckminsterfullerene
- Harry Kroto - co-discoverer of buckminsterfullerene
- Erwin Wilhelm Müller - invented the field ion microscope, and the atom probe.
- Gerd Binnig - co-inventor of the scanning tunneling microscope
- Heinrich Rohrer - co-inventor of the scanning tunneling microscope
- Chris Phoenix - co-founder of the Center for Responsible Nanotechnology
- Mike Treder - co-founder of the Center for Responsible Nanotechnology
- Phaedon Avouris - first electronic devices made out of carbon nanotubes
- Akhlesh Lakhtakia - conceptualized sculptured thin films
- Alex Zettl - Built the first molecular motor based on carbon nanotubes
- Andre Geim - Discoverer of 2-D carbon film called graphene
- Carlo Montemagno - inventor ATP nanobiomechanical motor (UCLA)
- Russell M. Taylor II - co-director of the UNC CISMM
- Adriano Cavalcanti - nanorobot expert working at CAN
- Lajos P. Balogh - editor in chief of Nanomedicine: NBM journal
- Charles M. Lieber - pioneer on nanoscale materials (Harvard)
- Mesh networking
- NBI Knowledgebase
- Photonic crystal
- Potential well
- Quantum confinement
- Quantum tunneling
- Technological singularity
- Engines of Creation, by Eric Drexler
- Nanosystems, by Eric Drexler
- Nanotechnology: A Gentle Introduction to the Next Big Idea by Mark and Daniel Ratner, ISBN 0131014005
- There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom by Richard Feynman
- ^ Ehud Gazit, Plenty of room for biology at the bottom: An introduction to bionanotechnology. Imperial College Press, 2007, ISBN 9781860946776
- ^ "Grey Goo is a Small Issue". Center for Responsible Nanotechnology. 2003-12-14. http://www.crnano.org/BD-Goo.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- ^ "Nanotechnology pioneer slays "grey goo" myths". Nanotechnology. Institute of Physics. 2006-07-06. http://www.iop.org/EJ/news/-topic=763/journal/0957-4484. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- ^ Freitas Jr., Robert A. (2000-04-00). "Some Limits to Global Ecophagy by Biovorous Nanoreplicators, with Public Policy Recommendations". http://www.rfreitas.com/Nano/Ecophagy.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- Nanotechnology at the Open Directory Project
- What is Nanotechnology? (A Vega/BBC/OU Video Discussion).
- Course on Introduction to Nanotechnology
- Nanex Project
- SAFENANO A nanotechnology initiative of the Institute of Occupational Medicine
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