- Nukunu language
Nukunu Spoken in South Australia Native speakers < 10 (date missing) Language familyPama–Nyungan
Writing system Latin Language codes ISO 639-3 nnv This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.
This language has been known by many names by neighboring tribes and Australianists, including:
- Nukuna, Nokunna, Noocoona, Nookoona, Nuguna, Nukana, Nukunnu, Nukunu, Njuguna
- Tjura, Tyura
- Wallaroo, Warra
- Wongaidya (from wangkatya, present tense form of verb 'to speak')
Nukunu has three different vowels with contrastive long and short lengths (a, i, u, a:, i:, u:).
Front Back High i iː u uː Low a aː
The Nukunu consonantal inventory is typical for a Pama–Nyungan language, with six places of articulation for stops and nasals. There are three rhotics in the language.
Peripheral Laminal Apical Labial Velar Dental Palatal Alveolar Retroflex Stop Voiceless p k t̪ c t ʈ Voiced (ɖ) Nasal m ŋ n̪ ɲ n ɳ Lateral l̪ ʎ l ɭ Tap ɾ Trill r Approximant w j ɻ
A phonemic voicing contrast exists in Nukunu, but it has only been observed in the retroflex stop series. An example demonstrating such a contrast intervocalically is kurdi (phlegm, IPA ['kuɖi]) and kurti (quandong, IPA ['kuʈi]).
In contrast with other Thura–Yura languages, Nukunu did not partake in either the initial th- lenition before vowels or the lenition of initial k- before vowels.
- ^ Hercus pp. 1; Schmidt called this cluster (a subgroup of Thura–Yura) as "Miru" in 1919. Perhaps these languages are part of the Kadli group as well.
- Hercus, Luise Anna (1992). "Introduction". A Nukunu Dictionary. Maitland, South Australia: National Library of Australia Cataloguing-in-Publication entry.
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