Progressive Conservative Party of Canada candidates, 1993 Canadian federal election

Progressive Conservative Party of Canada candidates, 1993 Canadian federal election

The governing Progressive Conservative Party of Canada ran a full slate of 298 candidates in the 1993 federal election, and lost official party status in the Canadian House of Commons by winning only two seats. Many of the party's candidates have their own biography pages; information about others may be found here.

The page also includes information about Progressive Conservative candidates in federal by-elections held between 1993 and 1997.



Laval Centre: Bruno Fortier

Bruno Fortier has been an administrator, lawyer, and urban planner.[1] He was for many years a close friend of prominent Canadian politician Jean Charest, whom he first met in high school.[2] When Charest ran for the Progressive Conservative Party leadership in 1993, Fortier became the leadership campaign's organizer in Laval.[3]

Fortier received 4,548 votes (7.98%) in the 1993 election for a third-place finish against Bloc Québécois candidate Madeleine Dalphond-Guiral. He later worked for the "non" side in the 1995 uebec referendum on sovereignty,[4] and he assisted the Quebec Liberal Party under Charest's leadership in the 2003 Quebec provincial election.[5]

Charest's provincial Liberals won the 2003 election, and Fortier was subsequently appointed as director of economic development at Quebec Government House of New York City.[6] In June 2007, he was promoted to delegate-general.[7] In March 2008, however, he was dismissed from his office. Some reports in the Quebec media suggested that he had created a chaotic work environment. Quebec cabinet minister Monique Gagnon-Tremblay said that Fortier lacked the necessary judgement for the role and "undertook modifications, transformations at the delegation without ... approval."[8] Fortier responded that the firing was "unjustly severe" and that it had been based on a complaint from a disgruntled employee.[9] The Quebec government held public hearings on the matter in 2008, in which Charest testified that he was not involved in either Fortier's hiring or his dismissal.[10]

In 2010, Fortier filed a statement of claim in the Quebec Superior Court seeking $1.2 million in damages from the Quebec government over his dismissal.[11]

Richelieu: Lorraine Frappier

Lorraine Frappier was president of the Sorel-Tracy Chamber of Commerce in 1985-86[12] and listed herself as a director-general in 1993. She received 4,455 votes (9.39%), finishing third against Bloc Québécois incumbent Louis Plamondon.[13]


Eglinton—Lawrence: Marc Monson

Monson was listed as a Toronto realtor, and was the nephew of prominent rabbi David Monson.[14] He campaigned on a platform of lower taxes and greater economic investment.[15] He received 4,262 votes (10.66%), finishing third against Liberal incumbent Joseph Volpe. Following the Progressive Conservative Party's defeat in the election, Monson described the national PC campaign as "a big blue machine that didn't know how to change".[16]

Essex—Kent: Kevin Charles Flood

Flood was born in Essex County, and resided in Kingsville.[17] He was thirty-five years old during the 1993 campaign, and was manager of Grainco Grain Argi-Industries in Maidstone.[18] He supported the amalgamation of Essex—Kent with the neighbouring Kent riding, arguing that Canadians were overgoverned and were represented by too many politicians. He also said that he would reject a government pension, and defended Progressive Conservative policies such as free trade.[19] Flood described himself as a "non-politician".[20]

His mother, Joan Flood, has served as mayor of Essex, and was also a Progressive Conservative candidate.[21]

Flood campaigned for a seat on the Windsor City Council in 2000, and was defeated. Three years later, newspaper reports indicated that he was willing to let an American company use his ash tree property as a testing site for a pesticide called Perma-Guard D-20.[22]

Electoral record
Election Division Party Votes  % Place Winner
1993 federal Essex—Kent Progressive Conservative 4,751 3/5 Jerry Pickard, Liberal
2000 Windsor municipal Council, Ward Two n/a 373 2.46 7/9 Brian Masse and Peter Carlesimo

Nickel Belt: Ian Munro

Ian Munro was a 23-year-old Political Science student, and a native of Scarborough.[23] He received 2,395 votes (5.43%), finishing fourth against Liberal candidate Ray Bonin.

Ottawa—Vanier: Marie-Christine Lemire

Lemire was born in Quebec, and holds a Bachelor of Social Sciences degree with Honours in Political Science and a concentration in Sociology from the University of Ottawa (Ottawa Citizen, 7 October 1993). She worked for various cabinet ministers during the Brian Mulroney government, including Marcel Masse (Canada NewsWire, 11 June 1988). She was thirty-seven years old during the 1993 campaign.

Lemire received 5,116 votes (10.53%), finishing second against Liberal Party incumbent Jean-Robert Gauthier. She later served on the federal Social Benefits Tribunal from 1999 to 2005.[1]

Parkdale—High Park: Don Baker

Baker was 49 years old at the time of the election. His father created the Family Communications company in 1949, and Baker eventually became its president. During the 1990s, the company published the magazines Today's Bride, Best Wishes (given away free at maternity wards), Baby Name, Canadian Home Planner, and the New Baby and Child Care Encyclopedia.

He received 5,668 votes (13.78%), finishing third against Liberal candidate Jesse Flis. After the election, he noted that "Parkdale-High Park reacted like the rest of the country and said it's time for big change" (Toronto Star, 26 October 1993).

In 1998, Baker expanded his company's activities to organize a North American tour for Virsky, the Ukrainian National Dance Company (Toronto Star, 25 April 1998).

Parry Sound—Muskoka: Terry Clarke

Terry Clarke was raised in Port Sydney. He was a councillor in Huntsville in the 1980s and was elected mayor of that community in 1985.[24] In 1987, he worked with the provincial government to secure funding for repairs to the municipal locks.[25] Clarke supported the principle of a retreat for AIDS patients and caregivers in 1990, although he also noted that it would hurt the area's tourism in the short term due to prejudice against AIDS victims.[26]

Clarke was a high-school principal in 1993. He defeated five other candidates to win the Progressive Conservative nomination.[27] On election day, he received 9,529 votes (20.63%) for a third-place finish against Liberal candidate Andy Mitchell.[28]


Kelly Clark (Provencher)

Kelly Clark was a development officer.[29] Clark won the Progressive Conservative nomination for Provencher in a close contest against two strong candidates, prevailing by 21 votes on the final ballot.[30] In the general election, Clark received 3,765 votes (10.29%) for a third-place finish against Liberal candidate David Iftody.

Brett Eckstein (Winnipeg—Transcona)

Eckstein has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Politics and Economics and a Master of Arts degree in International Relations and Canadian Government from the University of Manitoba, as well as a Master of Science degree in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota. He worked as an aerospace consultant in 1993. He received 2,112 votes (5.11%), finishing fourth against New Democratic Party incumbent Bill Blaikie.

Eckstein later became a provincial civil servant, and served as Senior Policy Analyst for Manitoba Executive Council's Sustainable Development Co-ordination Unit and Senior Analyst for the Policy Management Secretariat. He joined the Pollution Prevention Branch of Manitoba Conservation in 2000, and was listed in 2002 as a policy analyst, responsible for the development and implementation of "Manitoba's Sustainable Development Procurement Guidelines".[31] In 2006, he oversaw Energy Climate Change & Green Strategy Initiatives for the Science, Technology, Energy and Mines.[32] As of 2008 Brett Eckstein currently works as Executive Director of Tire Stewardship Manitoba.

Candidates in subsequent by-elections

Brome—Missisquoi: Guy Lever

Guy Lever was a thirty-five year old real estate developer living in Knowlton at the time of the election.[33] A relative political unknown, he was joined on several campaign stops by party leader Jean Charest, who represented the neighbouring riding of Sherbrooke.[34] He was also supported by Robert Benoît, the Liberal member of the Quebec National Assembly from Orford. (The Quebec Liberal Party is distinct from the Liberal Party of Canada; many of the provincial party's members were aligned with the federal Progressive Conservatives in this period.)[35] He received 1,235 votes (3.30%), finishing third against Liberal Party candidate Denis Paradis.


  1. ^ History of Federal Ridings since 1867: LAVAL CENTRE (1993/10/25), Parliament of Canada, accessed 27 April 2011; Jeff Heinrich, "Grief a governing factor," Montreal Gazette, 4 April 2003, A12.
  2. ^ Graham Fraser, "Sherbrooke entrant often underrated," Globe and Mail, 17 March 1993, A1.
  3. ^ John Gray, "Tory grits his teeth and bears it," Globe and Mail, 21 October 1995, N2.
  4. ^ John Gray, "Tory grits his teeth and bears it," Globe and Mail, 21 October 1995, N2.
  5. ^ Jeff Heinrich, "Grief a governing factor," Montreal Gazette, 4 April 2003, A12.
  6. ^ Mary Lamey, "A nudge for U.S. - look to Quebec: Manhattan pitch for venture capital next month," Montreal Gazette, 5 February 2005, B4.
  7. ^ Kevin Dougherty, "New York delegate fired mysteriously," Montreal Gazette, 20 March 2008, A9.
  8. ^ "Que. government envoy in New York City sacked after problems at the office," Canadian Press, 19 March 2008; Rheal Seguin, "Quebec delegate-general fired from New York post," Globe and Mail, 20 March 2008, A6; Kevin Dougherty, "Testy start to Fortier hearing," Montreal Gazette, 29 April 2008, A12.
  9. ^ Rheal Seguin, "Quebec legislators learn of another complaint against fired delegate-general," Globe and Mail, 29 April 2008, A4.
  10. ^ Rheal Seguin, "Charest denies role in friend's fate," Globe and Mail, 30 April 2008, A4.
  11. ^ Irwin Block, "Fortier seeks damages for 'hasty and brutal' dismissal; Bid for $1.2 million goes to Superior Court," Montreal Gazette, 9 June 2010, A10.
  12. ^ Jean Doyon, La soirée des Présidents de la Chambre de commerce, une soirée riche en histoire!, 7 November 2007, accessed 13 August 2009.
  13. ^ An individual named Lorraine Frappier worked with Canada Economic Development for Quebec Regions in the late 2000s; this may be the same person. See Detail: Canada Economic Development for Quebec Regions, Government of Canada, accessed 13 August 2009.
  14. ^ John Deverell, "Eglinton voter wants no lies", Toronto Star, 4 October 1993, A6.
  15. ^ "Eglinton-Lawrence", Toronto Star, 22 October 1993, A7.
  16. ^ John Deverell, "Huge responsibility ahead, Joe Volpe says", Toronto Star, 26 October 1993, B5.
  17. ^ "Kevin Flood: Conservative", Windsor Star, 22 October 1993, F4.
  18. ^ Chris Vander Doelen, "Porter seen as Tories' big hope", Windsor Star, 25 September 1993, A1.
  19. ^ Rob Hornberger, "We're over-governed, Tory candidate says", Windsor Star, 16 July 1993, A10.
  20. ^ "Essex-Kent", Windsor Star, 22 October 1993, F4.
  21. ^ Chris Hornsey, "Flood to ask legal advice on land deal", Windsor Star, 21 May 2000, A5.
  22. ^ "Area in Brief", Windsor Star, 17 June 2003, A2.
  23. ^ Thomas Walkom, "Watching a good MP fight his own party", Toronto Star, 4 October 1993, A21.
  24. ^ Rudy Platiel, "Several long-serving mayors step down this year," Globe and Mail, 12 November 1985, A18; Joe Fullerton, "Broken lake locks blamed on ministry," Toronto Star, 28 May 1987, A7.
  25. ^ "Muskoka lock funding called election 'goody'," Toronto Star, 30 July 1987, A7.
  26. ^ Joe Fullerton, "AIDS retreat in Muskoka irks residents," Toronto Star, 2 July 1990, A8; Mark Bourrie, "Muskoka AIDS resort to open despite furor," Toronto Star, 26 July 1990, A10.
  27. ^ Rosemary Speirs, "Ready for a fight Tories set to promote Campbell's freshness," Toronto Star, 28 August 1993, B1.
  28. ^ Thirty-fifth General Election, 1993: Official Voting Results, Published by the Chief Electoral Officer of Canada.
  29. ^ History of Federal Ridings since 1867: Provencher (1993/10/25), Parliament of Canada, accessed 11 August 2008. A "Kelly Clark" was listed as working for ID Engineering Canada in 1994, although it is not clear if this is the same person. See John Douglas, "Firms ready to stake out new turf", Winnipeg Free Press, 24 July 1994.
  30. ^ Doug Nairne, "Huge Tory vote evaporates", Winnipeg Free Press, 23 October 1993.
  31. ^ Going Green 2002: Speaker Biographies, Going Green Planning Committee, 2002, accessed 13 March 2007. See also Business Calendar, Winnipeg Free Press, 28 May 2001, B5; Geoff Kirbyson, "Firms find going green can pay off", Winnipeg Free Press, 13 July 2001, B5.
  32. ^ Phone Book - Person, Province of Manitoba, 2006, accessed 13 March 2007.
  33. ^ Anne McIlroy, "A kind of early referendum," Hamilton Spectator, 11 February 1995, A12.
  34. ^ Paul Wells "In Brome, candidates debate big picture vs. small issues," Montreal Gazette, 21 January 1995, B1.
  35. ^ Tu Thanh Ha, "Some Liberals to back Tory in by-election," Globe and Mail, 6 January 1995, A6.

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