Katanga (province)


Katanga (province)
Katanga
Province du Katanga
—  Province  —

Seal
Coordinates: 11°08′S 27°06′E / 11.133°S 27.1°E / -11.133; 27.1Coordinates: 11°08′S 27°06′E / 11.133°S 27.1°E / -11.133; 27.1
Country  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Capital Lubumbashi
Largest city Lubumbashi
Government
 – Governor Moïse Katumbi Chapwe
Area
 – Total 496,871 km2 (191,843 sq mi)
Population (2003 est.)
 – Total 8,167,240
 – Density 16.4/km2 (42.6/sq mi)
Demonym Katangan
National language KiSwahili, Tshiluba
Districts 5
Cities 3
Website katanga.cd

Katanga is one of the provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Between 1971 and 1997, its official name was Shaba Province. Under the new constitution, the province was to be replaced by four smaller provinces by February 2009; this did not actually take place.

Katanga's regional capital is Lubumbashi. Its area is 518,000 km² (larger than California and 16 times larger than Belgium). Katanga had a population estimated in 2003 at about 8,167,240. Farming and ranching are carried out on the Katanga Plateau. The eastern part of the province is a rich mining region, which supplies cobalt, copper, tin, radium, uranium, and diamonds. The capital city, Lubumbashi, is the second largest city in the Congo.

Contents

New provinces

Following the 2005 Constitution (effective 18 February 2006), Katanga was to be divided into four new provinces within 36 months (18 February 2009): Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Lualaba, and Tanganyika. As of October 2010, this had not taken place.[1]

History

In the past, Katanga has struggled significantly for independence from the rest of the country.

Government

Moïse Katumbi Chapwe, a businessman, is the governor of Katanga province. He took office on 24 February 2007.[2]

Economy

Copper mining is an important part of the economy of Katanga province.[3] Cobalt mining by individual contractors is also prevalent. There are a number of reasons cited for the discrepancy between the vast mineral wealth of the province and the failure of the wealth to increase the overall standard of living.[4] Gecamines is the state owned mining company which has monopoly concessions in the province.

Medical care

The Jason Sendwe Hospital is the largest hospital in the province. It is located in Lubumbashi.

Climate

Katanga has a wet and dry season. Rainfall is about 49 inches per year (120 cm).[5]

Geography

Katanga hills

The province forms the Congolese border with Angola and Zambia. The province also borders Tanzania, although Katanga province and Tanzania do not share a land border but the border is within Lake Tanganyika.

Education

The University of Lubumbashi is the largest university in the province and one of the largest in the country. The university is located in the northern part of Lubumbashi city. The Faculté Méthodiste de Théologie (FMT) is a Methodist seminary which is accredited within the university system.

TESOL, the English Language School of Lubumbashi, is a secondary school that serves the expatriate community. It was founded in 1987 on the grounds of the now defunct French School.[6]

Transportation

Katanga Province has limited railway service centered around Lubumbashi. Reliability is limited. The area also has an airport called Luano Airport which is located northeast of Lubumbashi.

Media

Katanga province is served by television broadcasts. Radio-Télévision Nationale Congolaise (RTNC) has a transmitter in Lubumbashi that re-transmits the signal from Kinshasha. In 2005, new television broadcasts by Radio Mwangaza began in Lubumbashi.

Cities and towns

Name Pop. 2010[7] Coordinates[7] Future province
Balamba 52,860 12°47′S 28°39′E / 12.79°S 28.65°E / -12.79; 28.65 (Balamba)
Bukama (Bukama-Kibanda) 75,814 9°13′S 25°50′E / 9.21°S 25.84°E / -9.21; 25.84 (Bukama) Haut-Lomami
Dilolo 17,446 9°13′S 25°07′E / 9.22°S 25.12°E / -9.22; 25.12 (Dilolo) Lualaba
Fungurume 32,399 10°37′S 26°18′E / 10.62°S 26.30°E / -10.62; 26.30 (Fungurume)
Kabalo 58,332 6°03′S 26°55′E / 6.05°S 26.91°E / -6.05; 26.91 (Kabalo) Tanganyika
Kabongo 13,979 7°19′S 25°35′E / 7.32°S 25.58°E / -7.32; 25.58 (Kabongo) Haut-Lomami
Kalemie 92,400 5°55′S 29°10′E / 5.92°S 29.17°E / -5.92; 29.17 (Kalemie) Tanganyika
Kambove 71,756 10°52′S 26°36′E / 10.87°S 26.60°E / -10.87; 26.60 (Kambove) Haut-Katanga
Kamina 143,753 8°44′S 25°01′E / 8.73°S 25.01°E / -8.73; 25.01 (Kamina) Haut-Lomami
Kaniama 57,507 7°34′S 24°10′E / 7.57°S 24.17°E / -7.57; 24.17 (Kaniama) Haut-Lomami
Kanteba (Kateba) 17,314 7°20′S 24°37′E / 7.33°S 24.62°E / -7.33; 24.62 (Kanteba)
Kapanga 2,173 11°30′S 26°45′E / 11.50°S 26.75°E / -11.50; 26.75 (Kapanga) Lualaba
Kasenga 21,400 10°38′S 26°46′E / 10.63°S 26.76°E / -10.63; 26.76 (Kasenga) Haut-Katanga
Kipamba (Kikondja) 30,026 8°12′S 26°25′E / 8.20°S 26.42°E / -8.20; 26.42 (Kipamba)
Kipushi 121,831 11°46′S 27°15′E / 11.76°S 27.25°E / -11.76; 27.25 (Kipushi) Haut-Katanga
Kole 4,548 8°01′S 25°33′E / 8.02°S 25.55°E / -8.02; 25.55 (Kole)
Kolwezi 451,168 10°42′S 25°40′E / 10.70°S 25.66°E / -10.70; 25.66 (Kolwezi) Lualaba
Kongolo 62,455 5°23′S 26°59′E / 5.38°S 26.98°E / -5.38; 26.98 (Kongolo) Tanganyika
Likasi 422,535 10°59′S 26°44′E / 10.98°S 26.73°E / -10.98; 26.73 (Likasi) Haut-Katanga
Lubudi 21,176 9°57′S 25°58′E / 9.95°S 25.97°E / -9.95; 25.97 (Lubudi) Lualaba
Lubumbashi 1,630,186 11°40′S 27°29′E / 11.66°S 27.48°E / -11.66; 27.48 (Lubumbashi) Haut-Katanga
Lwambo (Luambo) 12,652 10°49′S 26°47′E / 10.82°S 26.78°E / -10.82; 26.78 (Lwambo)
Malemba-Nkulu 28,472 8°02′S 26°48′E / 8.03°S 26.80°E / -8.03; 26.80 (Malemba-Nkulu) Haut-Lomami
Manono 56,048 7°18′S 27°27′E / 7.30°S 27.45°E / -7.30; 27.45 (Manono) Tanganyika
Mitwaba 4,116 8°38′S 27°20′E / 8.63°S 27.33°E / -8.63; 27.33 (Mitwaba) Haut-Katanga
Moba 58,324 7°04′S 29°43′E / 7.06°S 29.72°E / -7.06; 29.72 (Moba) Tanganyika
Mokambo 22,481 12°25′S 28°21′E / 12.42°S 28.35°E / -12.42; 28.35 (Mokambo)
Mulongo 57,775 7°50′S 27°00′E / 7.83°S 27.00°E / -7.83; 27.00 (Mulongo)
Mutshatsha 6,615 10°39′S 24°27′E / 10.65°S 24.45°E / -10.65; 24.45 (Mutshatsha) Lualaba
Nyunzu 40,460 5°57′S 28°01′E / 5.95°S 28.02°E / -5.95; 28.02 (Nyunzu) Tanganyika
Pweto 24,767 8°28′S 28°54′E / 8.47°S 28.90°E / -8.47; 28.90 (Pweto) Haut-Katanga
Sakania 9,650 12°45′S 28°34′E / 12.75°S 28.57°E / -12.75; 28.57 (Sakania) Haut-Katanga
Sandoa 9,698 9°41′S 22°52′E / 9.68°S 22.87°E / -9.68; 22.87 (Sandoa) Lualaba

Notable Katangans

  • Laurent-Désiré Kabila former President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Moise Tshombe former President of the breakaway State of Katanga
  • Barbara Kanam popular African music singer

See also

References

External links

 
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