official_name=Ville de Lubumbashi
nickname=L'shi - Lubum
map_caption=Location in the Congo
latitude=11° 40' S
longitude=27° 29' W
Democratic Republic of the Congo
lat_dir=S | lat_deg=11 | lat_min=40 | lat_sec=11
lon_dir=E | lon_deg=27 | lon_min=29 | lon_sec=00
caption=Lubumbashi in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Lubumbashi (formerly Élisabethville or Elisabethstad) is the second largest city in the
Democratic Republic of the Congo(capital Kinshasa, formerly Zaire) and the hub of the southeastern part of the country. The copper-mining city serves as the capital of the relatively prosperous Katanga (formerly Shaba) province, lying near the Zambianborder. Population estimates vary widely but average around 1.2 million.
Lubumbashi lies at around 1,000 metres above
sea level. The Kafue Riverrises along the Zambian border near the city and meanders through parts of Zambia to the Zambezi River.
Floribert Kaseba Makunkoserved as mayor of Lubumbashi; he was later elected to the National Assembly in 2006.
Belgiansfounded the city of "Élisabethville" (sometimes Elizabethville, both in French, or Elisabethstad in Dutch) in 1910. The city prospered with the development of a regional copper mining industry.
Miners in Élisabethville conducted a strike in December 1941 to protest the increasingly severe forced-labor regime that the Belgians imposed on the population, because of the "war efforts".
The Belgians established the University of Élisabethville in 1954-1955 (now the
University of Lubumbashi). In municipal elections in December 1957, the people of Élisabethville gave a vast majority to the Nationalist Alliance de Bakongo, which demanded immediate independence from the Belgians.
Élisabethville served as the capital and center of the secessionist independent state of Katanga during the bloody 1960-1963 Congolese civil war.
Moise Tshombeproclaimed Katangan independence in July 1960. Congolese leaders arrested him and charged him with treason in April 1961; however, he agreed to dismiss his foreign advisers and military forces in exchange for his release. Tshombe returned to Élisabethville but repudiated these assurances and began to fight anew. United Nationstroops opposed Katangan forces and took control of the city in December 1961 under a strong mandate. Roger Trinquier, well known for his published works on counter-insurgency warfare, served as a French military advisor to President Tshombe until international pressure, led by Belgium, caused his recall to France. Mobutu Sese Sekoultimately assumed power and renamed Élisabethville "Lubumbashi" and, in 1972 renamed Katanga "Shaba."
Congo entered another genocidal civil war in the 1990s. The
Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congorebels captured Lubumbashi in April 1997. Rebel leader Laurent-Désiré Kabilaspoke from Lubumbashi to declare himself president of the Democratic Republic of the Congoon May 17, 1997after Mobutu Sese Seko fled Kinshasa.
When Laurent-Désiré Kabila decided to appoint a transitional parliament, in 1999, a decision was made to install the Parliament in Lubumbashi, in order to consolidate the fragile unity of the country. The parliament was installed in the building of the National Assembly of secessionist Katanga, which had its capital in this city as well, in the 1960s. Lubumbashi was therefore the Legislative capital of the
Democratic Republic of the Congofrom 1999 to 2003, when all the country's central institutions were brought back to Kinshasa.
Culture and economy
Heptop serves as an important commercial and national industrial center. Manufactures include
textiles, food products and beverages, printing, bricks, and coppersmelting.
Lubumbashi lies at the centre of
railwaylines to Ilebo, Kindu, Sakaniaand Kolwezi, however, because of the underinvestments, the railway lines aren't very reliable. Lubumbashi hosts the modern Luano International Airportand a daily newspaper. The city consequently serves as a distribution center for such minerals as copper, cobalt, zinc, tin, and coal.
Attractions in the city include a
botanical garden, a zoo, a brewery, and the regional archaeological and ethnological National Museum of Lubumbashi. The city also hosts the major University of Lubumbashi, which maintains a library.
Tim Butcher: "Blood River - A Journey To Africa's Broken Heart", 2007. ISBN 0-701-17981-3
* [http://www.inchi-yetu.be/ Unofficial Katanga site]
* [http://www.lubumbashi.be/ Unofficial Belgian Lubumbashi site]
* [http://www.fondationmaisha.org/ Organization for street children in Lubumbashi]
* [http://www.luboom.com/ Unofficial English language site]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Lubumbashi — Lubumbashi … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lubumbashi — Escudo … Wikipedia Español
LUBUMBASHI — Ville du Zaïre située à 1 220 mètres d’altitude, sur un plateau dominant les gorges de la rivière Lubumbashi, l’ancienne Élisabethville fut créée en 1910 pour répondre aux besoins de l’U.M.H.K. (Union minière du Haut Katanga); sa situation… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Lubumbashi — [ baʃi], bis 1966 Elisabethville [ vil], Hauptstadt der Provinz Shaba, Demokratische Republik Kongo, nahe der Grenze nach Sambia, 1 230 m über dem Meeresspiegel, mit 851 400 Einwohnern zweitgrößte Stadt des Landes; Sitz eines katholischen… … Universal-Lexikon
Lubumbashi — es la segunda mayor ciudad de la República Democrática del Congo. Se encuentra situada cerca de la frontera con Zambia, a aproximadamente 1.230 metros sobre el nivel del mar. Tiene una población aproximada de 1 5 millones de habitantes. Es la… … Enciclopedia Universal
Lubumbashi — [lo͞o΄bo͞om bä′shē] city in SE Democratic Republic of the Congo, near the Zambian border: pop. 851,000 … English World dictionary
Lubumbashi — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lubumbashi (homonymie) et Élisabethville. 11° 40′ 11″ S 27° 29′& … Wikipédia en Français
Lubumbashi — /loo boom bah shee/, n. a city in the S Democratic Republic of the Congo. 451,332. Formerly, Elisabethville. * * * formerly (until 1966) Elisabethville City (pop., 1994 est.: 851,381), Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was established by… … Universalium
Lubumbashi — Original name in latin Lubumbashi Name in other language E ville, Elisabethville, Elizabethstad, Elizabethville, E’ville, FBM, Gorad Lubumbashy, Lubumbashi, Lubumbasi, Lubumbasis, Lubumbai, Lubumbais, Lumumbashi, lu ben ba xi, lubumbasi,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Lubumbashi — or formerly Elisabethville geographical name city SE Democratic Republic of the Congo in SE Shaba population 739,082 … New Collegiate Dictionary