- Demographics of Dallas
This article is part of a series on:
The City of Dallas
Territorial (-1838) Settlement (1839-1855) Early Existence (1856-1873) Industrial Period (1874-1929) Oil Period (1930-1945) Mid Century (1946-1974) Real Estate Boom (1975-1985) Recession (1986-1995) Modern Period (1996-)
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,188,580 people, 451,833 households, and 266,580 families residing in Dallas proper. The population density was 3,469.9 people per square mile (1,339.7/km²). There were 484,117 housing units at an average density of 1,413.3 per square mile (545.7/km²).
There were 451,833 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau. Of 451,833 households, 23,959 are unmarried partner households: 18,684 heterosexual, 3,615 same-sex male, and 1,660 same-sex female households. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 35.3% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 101.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,628, and the median income for a family was $40,921. Males had a median income of $31,149 versus $28,235 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,183. About 14.9% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those aged 65 or over. In 2006 the median price for a house was $123,800, and save a 2003 recession, Dallas has seen a steady increase in the cost of homes over the past 6 years.
As of the census of 2000, the racial makeup of Dallas was 50.8% White, 25.9% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 17.2% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. 35.6% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Hispanics outnumbered blacks for the first time in the 2000 census as the largest minority group in Dallas.
The city has historically been predominately white but its population diversified as it grew in size and importance over the 20th century. Almost 25% of Dallas' population is foreign born. The largest minority group in the city are Hispanics and Latinos—Dallas is a major destination for Mexican immigrants seeking opportunity in the United States because of its relative proximity to the U.S.-Mexico border. The southwest area of the city, especially Oak Cliff, is predominately or completely Hispanic. The southern and southeastern areas of the city, especially Pleasant Grove and South Dallas, are predominately black. The northern and eastern parts of the city are mostly white and the northwestern portion of the city is home to a fairly equal mix of Hispanics and Asians. The city also contains localized populations of Chinese, Korean, Indian, Bangladeshi, Pakistani, German, Arab, Polish, Russian, Romanian and Jewish peoples.
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1860 678 — 1870 3,000 342.5% 1880 10,358 245.3% 1890 38,067 267.5% 1900 42,639 12.0% 1910 92,104 116.0% 1920 158,976 72.6% 1930 260,475 63.8% 1940 294,734 13.2% 1950 434,462 47.4% 1960 679,684 56.4% 1970 844,401 24.2% 1980 904,078 7.1% 1990 1,006,877 11.4% 2000 1,188,580 18.0% 2010 1,197,816 0.8% 
- ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ HouseAlmanac.com - Dallas housing statistics. Retrieved 30 September 2006.
- ^ Dallas, Texas (TX) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, news, sex offenders
- ^ DALLAS, TX from the Handbook of Texas Online By Jackie McElhaney and Michael V. Hazel. 1860 & 1870 populations.
- ^ United States Census Bureau - Dallas population in 1880 (pg.40), 1890 (pg.3), 1900 (pg.4), 1910 (pg.3), 1920 (pg.79), 1930 (pg.68), 1940 (pg.106), 1950 (pg.106), 1960 (pg.23), 1970 (pg.12), 1980 (pg.38), 1990 (pg.114), . Retrieved 20 November 2006.
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