Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld


Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Charles I, Count Palatine by Rhine, Duke in Bavaria, Count to Veldenz and Sponheim

Charles I of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (German: Karl I.) (4 September 1560 – 16 December 1600), Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke in Bavaria, Count to Veldenz and Sponheim was the Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1569 until 1600.

Life

Charles was born in Neuburg in 1560 as the youngest son of Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken. After his father's death in 1569, Charles and his brothers partitioned his territories: Charles received the Palatine share on the Rear County of Sponheim, a small territory around Birkenfeld. Charles is the founder of the House of Palatinate-Birkenfeld.

Charles died in Birkenfeld in 1600 and was buried in Meisenheim. Charles was a prince of a relatively unimportant state, and his chief fame is that the Kings of Bavaria descended from him.

Marriage

Charles married Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1 January 1570 – 15 August 1649), daughter of Duke William VI, on 23 February 1586 and had the following children:

  1. George William (6 August 1591 – 25 December 1669)
  2. Sophie (29 March 1593 – 16 November 1676)
  3. Frederick (29 October 1594 – 20 July 1626)
  4. Christian (3 November 1598 – 6 September 1654)

Ancestors

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Louis I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Alexander, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Johanna of Croÿ
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Louis II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Kraft VI of Hohenlohe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Margarete of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Helene of Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. William I, Landgrave of Lower Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Mechthild of Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Elisabeth of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. William IV, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Anna of Brunswick
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Elizabeth of Stolberg-Wernigerode
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. William II, Landgrave of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Mechthild of Württemberg-Urach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Magnus II, Duke of Mecklenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Anna of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Sophia of Pomerania
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Anna of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Albert III, Duke of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. George, Duke of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Sidonie of Poděbrady
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Christine of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Casimir IV Jagiellon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Barbara Jagiellon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Elisabeth of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 

Preceded by:

Charles I

Succeeded by:

Wolfgang of Palatinate-Zweibrücken Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
1569–1600
George William of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Christian I of Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler

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