- Tracy Caulkins
Caulkins is perhaps best remembered for her adeptness at all four major competitive swimming strokes; the butterfly,
breaststroke, backstroke, and freestyle. Caulkins won national championships and set American records in all four strokes over a range of distances as well as in the individual medley events, which combine all four strokes over the course of a single race. This versatility brought Caulkins many titles and awards, and as a result she is considered one of the greatest swimmers of all-time. By the time she retired from swimming, Caulkins had set five world recordsand an incredible 63 American records (more than any other American swimmer, male or female).
Born in Winona,
Minnesota, on the same day as Petra Schneider, the East German who would break the last of Caulkins' world records, Caulkins swam for the Nashville Aquatic Club (NAC), where she was coached by Paul Bergen.cite web |url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3871/is_/ai_n9418296 |title=STRAIGHT TALK: A CHAT WITH COACH PAUL BERGEN | Swimming Technique | Find Articles at BNET.com |format= |work= |accessdate=2008-04-25] Caulkins might be considered one the greatest female athletes to ever be from or live in Tennessee. She attended the all-girls Harpeth Hall Schoolin Nashville and would go on to compete at the collegiate level for the University of Florida. Another notable NAC teammate, Joan Pennington, became a great swimmer at University of Texas,cite web |url=http://www.texassports.com/index.php?s=&url_channel_id=58&change_well_id=17&member_id=342 |title=TexasSports.com |format= |work= |accessdate=2008-04-25] and like Caulkins was won gold in Berlin in 1978 but was denied a chance to compete in the 1980 Olympic Games by the U.S. boycott.cite web |url=http://www.docudharma.com/showDiary.do?diaryId=5897 |title=Docudharma:: Boycott the Olympics? Here's a better idea |format= |work= |accessdate=2008-04-25] cite web |url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,912129-1,00.html |title=Return of the Water Sprites - TIME |format= |work= |accessdate=2008-04-25]
In 1978, Caulkins won the prestigious
James E. Sullivan Awardgiven by the Amateur Athletic Union, and was the youngest ever winner of the award at the age of 15. In perhaps her most impressive performance, Tracy won five gold medals and a silver medalin Berlin, Germanyat the world championships. Like many other American athletes, she was expected to put in a great performance at the 1980 Summer Olympicsin Moscow, Russia(which was then the communistcontrolled Soviet Union). However, following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, President Jimmy Carter announced that the United States would not be sending an Olympic team to Moscow in protest to the invasion (see 1980 Olympic boycott). Caulkins was consequently not able to compete at the 1980 Olympics.
Fortunately, Caulkins was able to maintain her competitive level through the next four years. At the
1984 Summer Olympicsin Los Angeles, California, Caulkins won individual golds in the 200m individual medley and the 400m individual medley. She also won a relaygold by swimming the breaststroke on the women's 400m medley relay. Caulkins retired from the sport after the games and was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Famein 1990.
Mark Stockwell, a swimmer from Australia. At last report, Caulkins lived in the Brisbane area with her husband and children. Caulkins is involved with (how?) a series of physiotherapyclinics in Tennessee that bear her name.
On 09 June 2008 Caulkins (Tracy Ann STOCKWELL) was recognised for "For service to sport as an administrator and proponent of sporting opportunities for women" with the Australian award of the "Medal of the Order of Australia" (http://www.itsanhonour.gov.au/honours/honour_roll/search.cfm?aus_award_id=1139014&search_type=advanced&showInd=true)
Caulkins' ultimate legacy may be that of the best all-around swimmer in American history. While her career did not have the longevity of
Jenny Thompsonor the Olympic medal talleys of Mark Spitzand Michael Phelps, Caulkins is highly rated in American swimming history.
The gold medals won by Caulkins are carved onto the walk of Tennessee history at the
Bicentennial Mall State Parkin Nashville.
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Tracy Caulkins — Tracy Ann Caulkins (* 11. Januar 1963 in Winona, Minnesota) ist eine ehemalige US amerikanische Schwimmerin. Sie beherrschte alle Schwimmstile gleichermaßen und hatte deshalb ihre größten Erfolge im Lagenschwimmen. Ihre ersten großen Erfolge… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tracy Caulkins — Tracy Ann Caulkins, née le 11 janvier 1963 à Winona dans le Minnesota aux États Unis, est une ancienne nageuse américaine. Très polyvalente, elle fut triple championne olympique (en 4 nages et relais 4 nages) et multiple championne du monde.… … Wikipédia en Français
Caulkins — Tracy Ann Caulkins (* 11. Januar 1963 in Winona, Minnesota) ist eine ehemalige US amerikanische Schwimmerin. Sie beherrschte alle Schwimmstile gleichermaßen und hatte deshalb ihre größten Erfolge im Lagenschwimmen. Ihre ersten großen Erfolge… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tracy — Tracy, Spencer * * * (as used in expressions) Caulkins, Tracy Tracy, Benjamin F(ranklin) Tracy, Spencer (Bonaventure) … Enciclopedia Universal
Caulkins, Tracy — born Jan. 11, 1963, Winona, Minn., U.S. U.S. swimmer. In 1978 she became (at age 15) the first woman to swim the 200 yd medley in under two minutes. By 1982 she had surpassed Johnny Weissmuller s record of 36 U.S. national titles and had won more … Universalium
Tracy — /tray see/, n. 1. Spencer, 1900 67, U.S. film actor. 2. a city in central California. 18,428. 3. a town in S Quebec, in E Canada, on the St. Lawrence. 12,843. 4. a male or female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Caulkins Tracy Tracy… … Universalium
Caulkins, Tracy — (n. 11 ene. 1963, Winona, Minn., EE.UU.). Nadadora estadounidense. En 1978, a los 15 años, fue la primera mujer que nadó las 200 yd (182,88 m) combinadas en menos de 2 m. En 1982 había sobrepasado la marca de Johnny Weissmuller de 36 títulos… … Enciclopedia Universal
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Weltschwimmer des Jahres — Der Titel Schwimmer des Jahres (engl. Swimming World Swimmers of the Year) wird von der amerikanischen Zeitschrift Swimming World vergeben. Neben dem Weltschwimmer des Jahres gibt es auch Titel für den besten amerikanischen, europäischen,… … Deutsch Wikipedia