Bothrops andianus


Bothrops andianus

Taxobox
name = "Bothrops andianus"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
subphylum = Vertebrata
classis = Reptilia
ordo = Squamata
subordo = Serpentes
familia = Viperidae
subfamilia = Crotalinae
genus = "Bothrops"
species = "B. andianus"
binomial = "Bothrops andianus"
binomial_authority = Amaral, 1923
synonyms = * "Bothrops andiana" - Amaral, 1923
* "Bothrops andianus" - Klemmer, 1963McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).]

:"Common names: Andean lancehead.Campbell JA, Lamar WW. 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. 2 volumes. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca and London. 870 pp. 1500 plates. ISBN 0-8014-4141-2.] ""Bothrops andianus" is a venomous pitviper species found in the Andes in South America. No subspecies are currently recognized.ITIS|ID=634853|taxon="Bothrops andianus"|year=2008|date=12 August]

Description

A terrestrial species, adults usually grow to 60-70 cm in length with a maximum of 125.8 cm.

The scalation includes 21-25 (usually 21-23) rows of dorsal scales at midbody, 157-174/169-179 ventral scales in males/females and 52-63/49-58 mostly divided subcaudal scales. On the head, the rostral scale is usually a little higher (up to 50%) than it is wide, the loreal scale is rectangular and wider than it is high, there are 3-10 keeled intersupraoculars, 7 supralabial scales with the second usually fused with the prelacunal to form a lacunolabial, and 8-11 sublabial scales.

The color pattern consists of an olive gray to brown ground color, which is occasionally darker anteriorly, overlaid with a series of 18-25 dark dorsolateral blotches that usually oppose middorsally, but may alternate. These markings are triangular, or in the shape of a headphone, and have black edges followed by a peripheral pale border. The belly is cream to yellow with heavy dark gray, brown or black mottling. On the head, the canthus and supralabials are a lighter than the overall ground color while the dorsum is darker. A well-defined postorbital stripe is present that is dark chocolate brown or black in color.

Geographic range

Found in South America in the southern mountains of Peru in the departments of Cuzco and Puno at elevations of 1800-3300 m. The type locality given is "Machu Picchu, Department of Cuzco, Peru, about 9,000-10,000 ft. altitude" (2,743-3,048 m).

ee also

* List of crotaline species and subspecies
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*
*
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* Snakebite

References

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

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