- U.S. Post Office (Suffern, New York)
name = U.S. Post Office
caption = Front elevation and south profile, 2008
lat_degrees = 41
lat_minutes = 06
lat_seconds = 59
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 74
long_minutes = 09
long_seconds = 07
long_direction = W
location = Suffern, NY
nearest_city = Hackensack, NJ
built = 1936cite web|last=Gobrecht|first=Larry|title=National Register of Historic Places nomination, U.S. Post Office (Suffern, New York)|url=http://www.oprhp.state.ny.us/hpimaging/hp_view.asp?GroupView=100045|date=November 1986|accessdate=2008-05-28]
architect = Louis Simon
architecture = Colonial Revival,
added = 1989
refnum = 88002435
mpsub = US Post Offices in New York State, 1858-1943
governing_body = U.S. Postal ServiceThe U.S.
Post Officein Suffern, New York, is located on Chestnut Street between NY 59 and US 202, on the northern edge of the village's downtown business district. It serves the ZIP Code10901, covering the village of Suffern.
It was built during the
New Dealand reflects that era's architectural styles, combining elements of the Colonial Revival style preferred by the Treasury Department for new post offices in the early 20th century with the Streamline Modernestyle predominating in the late 1930s. Its interior features a wall reliefby Elliot Means, one of the many public artworks commissioned by the Works Progress Administration. It was added to the National Register of Historic Placesin 1989.
The post office is a single-story, five-bay
steel framebuilding with a buff brick exterior. It is square-shaped with a rear wing and flat roof.
The central three bays of the front
facadeare done in a symmetrical, vertical pattern of scalloped limestone, with some marbletrim. Polished aluminumletters attached to the facade above the main entrance identify the building as a post office and its location. Some aluminum lampposts have been added since the building's construction.
Aluminum is also used for the doors and
vestibule, leading on to the L-shaped lobby, almost intact from its original design. Ceramic tileis used for the flooring and dado to counter height. Vertical scalloping similar to that in the exterior is used on the plasterceiling's molded cornice.
On the wall above the entrance to the
postmaster's office is "Communication", a reliefby sculptorElliot Means. It depicts a partially clothed woman, surrounded by the moon, clouds, stars, mountains and waves, shooting a bow with flaming arrow.
Suffern's first post office was established in 1797 by founding settler John Suffern, but fell into disuse a decade later. A village post office was formally reestablished in 1858 and used several rented spaces over the years. In 1931, the Treasury Department, which was then the Post Office's parent agency, got Congress to appropriate money for a standalone post office building in several New York communities, Suffern included.
The land was purchased for $20,000 in 1935. The next year, the post office was built for $90,000. Treasury Supervising Architect Louis Simon used an austere Colonial Revival design, demonstrated by the building's
fenestration, brick facing and multi-paned sash windows. Variations on this basic design can be found in other New York post offices Simon built during this period.
But to a far greater degree than other post offices he built during this period elsewhere in the state, he incorporated more contemporary,
Art Decoand Streamline Moderneelements, such as the expansive brick face, the use of aluminum in the transom, the limestone scalloping and the lack of exterior ornamentation or corniceotherwise. Only the post office in the Chemung County village of Waverly, almost an exact copy of Suffern's, uses this many modernistic elements.
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