June 9

Events

*53 - Roman Emperor Nero marries Claudia Octavia
*62 - Claudia Octavia commits suicide
*68 - Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditos to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging.
*721 - Odo of Aquitaine defeats the Moors in the Battle of Toulouse.
*1310 - Duccio's Maestà Altarpiece, a seminal artwork of the early Italian Renaissance, is unveiled and installed in the Siena Cathedral in Siena, Italy.
*1534 - Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the St. Lawrence River.
*1650 - The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It is the first legal corporation in the Americas.
*1667 - The Raid on the Medway by the Dutch fleet begins. It lasts for five days and results in a decisive victory by the Dutch over the English in the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
*1732 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia.
*1772 - The British ship "Gaspee" is burned off the coast of Rhode Island.
*1815 - End of the Congress of Vienna: New European political situation is set.
*1856 - 500 Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
*1863 - American Civil War: the Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia.
*1873 - Alexandra Palace burnt down, after being open for only 16 days.
*1909 - Alice Huyler Ramsey, a 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack, New Jersey, becomes the first woman to drive across the United States. With three female companions, none of whom could drive a car, in fifty-nine days she drove a Maxwell automobile the 3,800 miles from Manhattan, New York, to San Francisco, California.
*1915 - U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns over a disagreement regarding the United States' handling of the sinking of the RMS "Lusitania".
*1922 - First ringing of the Harkness Memorial Chime at Yale University.
*1923 - Bulgaria's military takes over the government in a coup.
*1928 - Charles Kingsford Smith completes the first trans-Pacific flight in a Fokker Trimotor monoplane, the "Southern Cross".
*1930 - "Chicago Tribune" reporter Jake Lingle is killed during rush hour at the Illinois Central train station by the Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a $100,000 USD gambling debt owed to Al Capone.
*1934 - Donald Duck makes his debut in "The Wise Little Hen".
*1935 - Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognizes Japanese occupations in Northeast China.
*1944 - World War II: the Soviet Union invades East Karelia and the previously Finnish part of Karelia, occupied by Finland since 1941.
*1946 - King Bhumibol Adulyadej ascends to the throne of Thailand. He is currently the world's longest reigning monarch.
*1953 - Flint-Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: a tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado hits in Worcester, Massachusetts killing 94.
*1954 - McCarthyism: Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army - giving McCarthy the famous rebuke, "You've done enough. Have you no sense of decency, sir, at long last? Have you left no sense of decency?"
*1957 - First ascent of Broad Peak (the world's 12th highest mountain).
*1958 - HM Queen Elizabeth II officially opens London Gatwick Airport, (LGW), Crawley, West Sussex, United Kingdom.
*1959 - The USS "George Washington" is launched. It is the first submarine to carry ballistic missiles.
*1967 - Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria during the Six-Day War.
*1968 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a national day of mourning following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
*1973 - Secretariat wins the Triple Crown.
*1974 - Diplomatic relations between Portugal and the Soviet Union are established.
*1978 - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opens its priesthood to "all worthy men", ending a 148-year-old policy excluding black men.
*1985 - Thomas Sutherland is kidnapped in Lebanon (he is not released until 1991).
*1986 - The Rogers Commission releases its report on the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
*1991 - The congress of the Italian party Proletarian Democracy decides to merge with the Communist Refoundation Party.
*1999 - Kosovo War: the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and North Atlantic Treaty Organization sign a peace treaty.
*2008 - In the town of Lake Delton, Wisconsin, Lake Delton drained as a result of heavy flooding breaking the dam holding the lake back.

Births

*1508 - Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (d. 1586)
*1580 - Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (d. 1655)
*1588 - Johann Andreas Herbst, German composer (d. 1666)
*1595 - King Wladislaus IV of Poland (d. 1648)
*1640 - Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1705)
*1661 - Tsar Feodor III of Russia (d. 1682)
*1672 - Tsar Peter I of Russia (d. 1725)
*1686 - Andrei Osterman, Russian statesman (d. 1747)
*1768 - Samuel Slater, American industrialist (d. 1835)
*1781 - George Stephenson, English mechanical engineer (d.1848)
*1810 - Otto Nicolai, German composer (d. 1849)
*1812 - Johann Gottfried Galle, German astronomer (d. 1910)
*1843 - Bertha von Suttner, Austrian novelist and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1914)
*1845 - Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (d. 1914)
*1849 - Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (d. 1927)
*1851 - Charles Joseph Bonaparte, French politician (d. 1921)
*1865 - Albéric Magnard, French composer (d. 1914)
* 1865 - Carl Nielsen, Danish composer (d. 1931)
*1875 - Henry Hallett Dale, English scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1968)
*1882 - Bobby Kerr, Canadian sprinter (d. 1963)
*1890 - Leslie Banks, British actor (d. 1952)
*1891 - Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist (d. 1964)
*1893 - Irish Meusel, American baseball player (d. 1963)
*1898 - Luigi Fagioli, Italian race car driver (d. 1952)
*1900 - Fred Waring, American bandleader (d. 1984)
*1911 - George Webb, British actor (d. 1998)
*1912 - Ingolf Dahl, American composer (d. 1970)
*1915 - Les Paul, American guitarist
*1916 - Robert McNamara, United States Secretary of Defense and president of the World Bank
*1921 - Arthur Hertzberg, American Jewish scholar (d. 2006)
*1922 - John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American poet and aviator (d. 1941)
* 1922 - Fernand Seguin, Canadian biochemist - Radio and TV animator (d. 1988)
* 1922 - George Axelrod, American screenwriter, producer, playwright and film director (d. 2003)
*1925 - Keith Laumer, science fiction writer (d. 1993)
*1929 - Johnny Ace, American singer (d. 1954)
*1930 - Barbara, French singer (d. 1997)
*1931 - Jackie Mason, American comedian
* 1931 - Joe Santos, American actor
* 1931 - Bill Virdon, American baseball player and manager
*1934 - Jackie Wilson, American singer (d. 1984)
*1936 - Mick O'Dwyer, Gaelic footballer and manager
*1937 - Harald Rosenthal, German biologist
*1938 - Charles Wuorinen, American composer
*1939 - Ileana Cotrubaş, Romanian soprano
* 1939 - David Hobbs, English race car driver and personality on American TV
* 1939 - Dick Vitale, American sportscaster
* 1939 - Charles Webb, author
*1941 - Jon Lord, organist in Deep Purple
*1943 - Joe Haldeman, science fiction writer
*1945 - Luis Ocaña, Spanish cyclist (d. 1994)
* 1945 - Nike Wagner, German woman of the theater
*1947 - Kiran Bedi, Indian Police Service Officer
* 1947 - John Gurda, American historian
*1948 - Gudrun Schyman, Swedish politician
*1951 - Dave Parker, American baseball player
* 1951 - James Newton Howard, American film composer
*1952 - Uzi Hitman, Israeli singer (d. 2004)
*1954 - George Pérez, American comic book artist
* 1954 - Gregory Maguire, American fantasy writer
*1956 - Patricia Cornwell, American author
*1959 - Christian Wulff, German politician, currently prime minister of Lower Saxony.
* 1960 - Steve Paikin, Canadian journalist
*1961 - Michael J. Fox, Canadian-born actor
* 1961 - Aaron Sorkin, American writer
*1963 - Johnny Depp, American actor
* 1963 - Gilad Atzmon, Israeli jazz musician and author
* 1963 - David Koepp, American screenwriter and director
*1964 - Gloria Reuben, Canadian actress
* 1964 - Hiroko Yakushimaru, Japanese actress and singer
*1968 - Niki Bakoyianni, Greek high jumper
*1969 - Eric Wynalda, American footballer
*1971 - Gilles De Bilde, Belgian footballer
* 1971 - John McKeown, Scottish musician (Yummy Fur, 1990s)
* 1971 - Rick Renstrom, American guitarist
*1972 - Tomoe Hanba, Japanese voice actress
*1973 - Tedy Bruschi, American football player
* 1973 - Laura Ponte, Spanish model and royal
* 1973 - Frederic Choffat, Swiss film director
*1974 - Samoth, Norwegian guitarist (Emperor, Zyklon)
* 1974 - Tim Shaw, British radio personality
* 1974 - Randy Winn, American baseball player
*1975 - Andrew Symonds, Australian cricketer
* 1975 - Otto Addo, Ghanaian footballer
* 1975 - Jeff Saturday, American football player
*1977 - Roopa Mishra, Indian civil servant
* 1977 - Amisha Patel, Indian actress
* 1977 - Peja Stojakovic, Serbian basketball player
*1978 - Shandi Finnessey, game hostess
* 1978 - Matthew Bellamy, British musician (Muse)
* 1978 - Miroslav Klose, German footballer
* 1978 - Michaela Conlin, American actress
*1980 - Mike Fontenot, American baseball player
* 1980 - Lehlohonolo Seema, Lesotho footballer
*1980 - Udonis Haslem, American basketball player
*1981 - Natalie Portman, Israeli-born actress
* 1981 - Vic Zhou, JVKV band member, Taiwanese actor, singer and model.
* 1981 - Anoushka Shankar, Famous sitarist and daughter of Ravi Shankar
*1982 - Christina Stürmer, Austrian singer
* 1982 - Andrew Walker, Canadian actor
*1983 - Alektra Blue, American porn star
* 1983 - Danny Richar, Dominican baseball player
*1984 - Yulieski Gourriel, Cuban baseball player
* 1984 - Kaleth Morales, Colombian singer and songwriter (d. 2005)
* 1984 - Wesley Sneijder, Dutch footballer
* 1984 - Masoud Shojaei, Iranian footballer
*1985 - Sonam Kapoor, Indian actress
*1985 - Sebastian Telfair, American basketball player
*1986 - Adamo Ruggiero, Canadian actor
* 1986 - Kary Ng, Hong Kong singer and actress
*1988 - Mae Whitman, American actress and voice actress
*1993 - Danielle Chuchran, American actress

Deaths

* 62 - Claudia Octavia, wife of Nero (b. 40)
* 68 - Nero, Roman Emperor (b. 37)
* 373 - Ephrem the Syrian, Christian hymnodist
* 597 - St. Columba, Christian missionary (b. 521)
* 630 - King Shahrbaraz of Persia
*1361 - Philippe de Vitry, French composer (b. 1291)
*1563 - William Paget, 1st Baron Paget, English statesman (b. 1506)
*1572 - Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre (b. 1528)
*1583 - Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
*1656 - Thomas Tomkins, Welsh composer (b. 1572)
*1716 - Banda Bahadur, Sikh military commander (executed)
*1717 - Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte Guyon, French mystic (b. 1648)
*1834 - William Carey, one of the founders of the Baptist Missionary Society (b. 1761)
*1870 - Charles Dickens, English author (b. 1812)
*1875 - Gérard Paul Deshayes, French geologist (b. 1795)
*1892 - Taiso Yoshitoshi, Woodblock print artist
*1892 - William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (b. 1863)
*1912 - Ion Luca Caragiale, Romanian writer (b. 1852)
*1946 - Ananda Mahidol, Rama VIII, king of Thailand (b. 1925)
*1952 - Adolf Busch, German composer (b. 1891)
*1958 - Robert Donat, English actor (b. 1905)
*1959 - Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
*1961 - Camille Guérin, French scientist (b. 1872)
*1964 - Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Canadian-born business tycoon and politician (b. 1879)
*1968 - Bernard Cronin, Australian author and journalist (b. 1884)
*1973 - Erich von Manstein, German military commander (b. 1887)
*1974 - Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
*1979 - Cyclone Taylor, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1884)
*1981 - Allen Ludden, TV game show host (b. 1917)
*1989 - George Wells Beadle, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1903)
* 1989 - Rashid Behbudov, Azerbaijani singer and actor (b. 1915)
*1991 - Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (b. 1903)
*1993 - Alexis Smith, Canadian actress (b. 1921)
*1994 - Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
*1997 - Stanley Knowles, Canadian politician (b. 1908)
*2000 - Jacob Lawrence, American painter (b. 1917)
*2004 - Rosey Brown, American football player (b. 1932)
*2004 - Brian Williamson, Jamaican Gay Activist (b. 1945)
*2006 - Drafi Deutscher, German Schlager singer (b. 1946)
*2007 - Frankie Abernathy, Former castmate (b. 1981)
*2008 - Algis Budrys, American writer (b. 1931)

Holidays and observances

*Australia Queens' Birthday Holiday
*Roman Empire paganism - third day of the Vestalia in honor of the goddess Vesta
Catholicism
* Saint Columba (called Saint Columcille and Saint Colm, pronounced as KUHL-uhm) in Ireland, where he is honoured as one of the island's three patron saints)
* Saint Diomedes
* Saint Edmund, bishop of Canterbury, confessor (Translation day)
* Saint Efrem (Saint Ephraim), deacon, Doctor of the Church
* Saint Liborius, bishop (of LeMans), confessor
* Saint Primus and Felicianus, martyrs [common]
* Saint Pelagia, virgin, martyr
Lutheranism
*Aidan of Lindisfarne
Judaism
*Shavuot

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/9 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Jun&day=09 On This Day in Canada] ----


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