- Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing
The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (although sometimes shortened to "Triple Crown", the full name is used to avoid possible confusion with other sports) consists of three races for three-year-old
thoroughbred horses. Winning all three of these thoroughbred horse races is considered the greatest accomplishment of a thoroughbred racehorse. In recent years, the Triple Crown has become a very rare achievement, with most horses specializing on a limited range of distances.
See main article:
United States Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing
In England, where the term Triple Crown originated with West Australian's three wins in 1853, it is made up of:
2,000 Guineas Stakes, run over 1 mile (1,609 meters) at Newmarket Racecoursein Newmarket, Suffolk;
Epsom Derby, run over 1 mile 4 furlongs and 10 yards (2,423 meters) at Epsom Downs Racecoursein Epsom, Surrey;
St. Leger Stakes, run over 1 mile, 6 furlongs and 132 yards (2,937 meters) at Town Moor in Doncaster, Yorkshire.
There is also a Fillies Triple Crown for a
fillywinning the 1,000 Guineas Stakes, Epsom Oaksand St. Leger Stakes. The last winner of this was Oh So Sharp in 1985. In the past this was not considered a true Triple Crown as the best fillies would run in the Derby and Two Thousand Guineas. As this is no longer the case, the Fillies' Triple Crown would now be considered as comparable as the original.
In the 150 years that these races have been run, only fifteen horses have ever won the English Triple Crown, including the great
Nijinsky IIin 1970. Nijinsky II was only the second winner of the English Triple Crown since the end of World War I. For many years, it was considered unlikely that any horse would ever win the English Triple Crown again. In the winter of 2006/2007, however, trainer Jim Bolger was training his unbeaten colt Teofilofor the Triple Crown [http://midas.picdar.co.uk/cgi-bin/RP?MatchIndex=20&urn=719112136&Random=-1364681031&FFAC=WM0000025265&searchid=1] . and bookmaker William Hill plcwas offering odds of only 12/1 against Teofilo winning the 2007 Triple Crown. However, the horse was withdrawn from the 2000 Guineas two days before the race after suffering a setback.
Since Nijinsky, only Nashwan in 1989 has won both the Guineas and the Derby, and in addition, no Derby winner has even entered the St. Leger since Reference Point in 1987, although this is primarily due to the impact it would have on a horse's stud value, which would not be the case for a horse who had already won the Guineas.
Triple Crown Champions:
Only two horses have won all three races since the Irish Two Thousand Guineas was first run in 1921: Museum in 1935 and
Windsor Slipperin 1942 (Williams & Hyland 1980). Desert Kingwon the first two legs in 1997, but was perceived to have stamina limitations and not aimed at the St. Leger. Ironically, he went on to sire a great stayer in Makybe Diva, three times winner of the Melbourne Cup over convert|2|mi.
See main article:
Canadian Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing
Japan has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns.
Japanese Triple Crown
Satsuki Sho(Japanese 2000 Guineas), at Nakayama Racecoursein Funabashi, Chiba
Tokyo Yushun(Japanese Derby), at Tokyo Racecoursein Fuchu, Tokyo
Kikuka Sho(Japanese St.Leger), at Kyoto Racecoursein Kyoto, Kyoto
Only six horses have received the Japanese Triple Crown:
St Lite(Diolite - Flippancy, by Flamboyant)
Shinzan(Hindostan - Hayanobori, by Hayatake)
Mr. C.B.(Tosho Boy - C.B. Queen, by Topyo)
Symboli Rudolf(Partholon - Sweet Luna, by Speed Symboli)
Narita Brian( Brian's Time- Pacificus, by Northern Dancer)
*2005 Deep Impact (
Sunday Silence- Wind in Her Hair, by Alzao)
Japanese Fillies' Triple Crown
Oka Sho(Japanese 1000 Guineas), at Hanshin Racecoursein Takarazuka, Hyogo
Yushun Himba(Japanese Oaks), at Tokyo Racecourse in Fuchu, Tokyo
Shuka Sho(1996 -), at Kyoto Racecourse in Kyoto, Kyoto / the Queen Elizabeth II Commemorative Cup(1976 - 1995)
Only two horses have received the Japanese Fillies' Triple Crown:
*1986 Mejiro Ramonu (Mogami - Mejiro Hiryu, by Never Beat)
*2003 Still in Love (Sunday Silence - Bradamante, by Roberto)
The Triple Crown series at Hong Kong's
Sha Tin Racecourseconsists of three races at increasingly longer distances. They are:
Hong Kong Steward's Cupat convert|1600|m|mi held in January
Hong Kong Gold Cupat convert|2000|m|mi held in February
Hong Kong Champions & Chater Cupat convert|2400|m|mi held in May
River Verdonbecame the first, and to date, only horse to win the Hong Kong Triple Crown.
Clásico El Ensayo, Club Hipico de Santiago
Clásico St' Leger, Hipodromo Chile
El Derby, Valparaiso Sporting Club
Gran Premio Polla de Potrillos
Gran Premio Jockey Club
Gran Premio Nacional
This combination of races received some publicity outside of Uruguay in 2006. The 2005 Triple Crown winner Invasor, after being sold to Sheik
Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum's Shadwell Racingand sent to be raced in the United States, went on to win three Grade I races in 2006 before winning that year's Breeders' Cup Classic. He finished the year as the top-ranked horse in the 2006 World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings, and won the 2007 Dubai World Cupbefore being retired to stud following a training injury.
1980 - present
Ecuador has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns:
"Ecuador Triple Crown"
Clásico Estreno Dr. Raúl Lebed Sigall, at Hipódromo BUIJOin Samborondón;
Clásico Polla Nacional Sr. Agustin Febres Cordero, at Hipódromo BUIJOin Samborondón;
Clásico Derby Nacional Sr.Benjamin Rosales A., at Hipódromo BUIJOin Samborondón;
"Ecuador Fillies' Triple Crown"
Clásico Ing. Carlos San Andres, at Hipódromo BUIJOin Samborondón;
Clásico Sr. Eduardo Jairala F, at Hipódromo BUIJOin Samborondón;
Clásico Abogado Carlos Julio Arosemena Peet, at Hipódromo BUIJOin Samborondón;
In Ecuador, the Triple Crown consists of:
Clásico Nelson Uraga Suarez, at Hipódromo Santa Ceciliain Guayaquil;
Clásico Enrique Guzman Aspiazu, at Hipódromo Santa Ceciliain Guayaquil;
Clásico Inginiero Ignacio De Icaza Aspiazu, at Hipódromo Santa Ceciliain Guayaquil.
Triple Crown Champions:
1956 - present
Venezuela also has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns:
Venezuelan Official Triple Crown
1. Clásico José Antonio Páez, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
2. Clásico Cría Nacional (former Clásico Ministerio de Agricultura y Cría), at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
3. Clásico República de Venezuela (Venezuelan Derby), at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
Venezuelan Fillies' Triple Crown
1. Clásico Hipódromo La Rinconada, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
2. Clásico Prensa Hípica Nacional, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
3. Clásico General Joaquín Crespo, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
Venezuelan Official Triple Crown Champions: (From 1956)
Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner 1960 Gradisco Manuel Camacaro Leopoldo Márquez Stud Rey-Gan 1972 El Corsario José Luís Vargas Eduardo Azpúrua Stud El Corsario 1985 Iraquí Juan Vicente Tovar (+) Daniel Pérez Stud Chivacoa 1992 Catire Bello Douglas Valiente (+) Iván Calixto Stud Ilusión 2005 Polo Grounds Emisael Jaramillo Carlos Regalado Stud Black Label 2007 Taconeo Emisael Jaramillo Gustavo Delgado Stud Paula C
last = Williams
first = Guy St. John
coauthors = Francis P. M. Hyland
title = The Irish Derby 1866-1979
J. A. Allen & Co Ltd.
date = 1980
location = London and New York
id = ISBN 0-85131-358-2
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