Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing


Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing

The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (although sometimes shortened to "Triple Crown", the full name is used to avoid possible confusion with other sports) consists of three races for three-year-old thoroughbred horses. Winning all three of these thoroughbred horse races is considered the greatest accomplishment of a thoroughbred racehorse. In recent years, the Triple Crown has become a very rare achievement, with most horses specializing on a limited range of distances.

United States

See main article: United States Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing

United Kingdom

In England, where the term Triple Crown originated with West Australian's three wins in 1853, it is made up of:

#the 2,000 Guineas Stakes, run over 1 mile (1,609 meters) at Newmarket Racecourse in Newmarket, Suffolk;
#the Epsom Derby, run over 1 mile 4 furlongs and 10 yards (2,423 meters) at Epsom Downs Racecourse in Epsom, Surrey;
#the St. Leger Stakes, run over 1 mile, 6 furlongs and 132 yards (2,937 meters) at Town Moor in Doncaster, Yorkshire.

There is also a Fillies Triple Crown for a filly winning the 1,000 Guineas Stakes, Epsom Oaks and St. Leger Stakes. The last winner of this was Oh So Sharp in 1985. In the past this was not considered a true Triple Crown as the best fillies would run in the Derby and Two Thousand Guineas. As this is no longer the case, the Fillies' Triple Crown would now be considered as comparable as the original.

In the 150 years that these races have been run, only fifteen horses have ever won the English Triple Crown, including the great Nijinsky II in 1970. Nijinsky II was only the second winner of the English Triple Crown since the end of World War I. For many years, it was considered unlikely that any horse would ever win the English Triple Crown again. In the winter of 2006/2007, however, trainer Jim Bolger was training his unbeaten colt Teofilo for the Triple Crown [http://midas.picdar.co.uk/cgi-bin/RP?MatchIndex=20&urn=719112136&Random=-1364681031&FFAC=WM0000025265&searchid=1] . and bookmaker William Hill plc was offering odds of only 12/1 against Teofilo winning the 2007 Triple Crown. However, the horse was withdrawn from the 2000 Guineas two days before the race after suffering a setback.

Since Nijinsky, only Nashwan in 1989 has won both the Guineas and the Derby, and in addition, no Derby winner has even entered the St. Leger since Reference Point in 1987, although this is primarily due to the impact it would have on a horse's stud value, which would not be the case for a horse who had already won the Guineas.

Triple Crown Champions:

Ireland

In Ireland, the Triple Crown, modelled on the English equivalent, is made up of
#the Irish 2,000 Guineas;
#the Irish Derby; and
#the Irish St. Leger,all run at the Curragh.

Only two horses have won all three races since the Irish Two Thousand Guineas was first run in 1921: Museum in 1935 and Windsor Slipper in 1942 (Williams & Hyland 1980). Desert King won the first two legs in 1997, but was perceived to have stamina limitations and not aimed at the St. Leger. Ironically, he went on to sire a great stayer in Makybe Diva, three times winner of the Melbourne Cup over convert|2|mi.

Canada

See main article: Canadian Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing

Japan

Japan has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns.

Japanese Triple Crown
#the Satsuki Sho (Japanese 2000 Guineas), at Nakayama Racecourse in Funabashi, Chiba
#the Tokyo Yushun (Japanese Derby), at Tokyo Racecourse in Fuchu, Tokyo
#the Kikuka Sho (Japanese St.Leger), at Kyoto Racecourse in Kyoto, Kyoto

Only six horses have received the Japanese Triple Crown:
*1941 St Lite (Diolite - Flippancy, by Flamboyant)
*1964 Shinzan (Hindostan - Hayanobori, by Hayatake)
*1983 Mr. C.B. (Tosho Boy - C.B. Queen, by Topyo)
*1984 Symboli Rudolf (Partholon - Sweet Luna, by Speed Symboli)
*1994 Narita Brian (Brian's Time - Pacificus, by Northern Dancer)
*2005 Deep Impact (Sunday Silence - Wind in Her Hair, by Alzao)

Japanese Fillies' Triple Crown
#the Oka Sho (Japanese 1000 Guineas), at Hanshin Racecourse in Takarazuka, Hyogo
#the Yushun Himba (Japanese Oaks), at Tokyo Racecourse in Fuchu, Tokyo
#the Shuka Sho (1996 -), at Kyoto Racecourse in Kyoto, Kyoto / the Queen Elizabeth II Commemorative Cup (1976 - 1995)

Only two horses have received the Japanese Fillies' Triple Crown:
*1986 Mejiro Ramonu (Mogami - Mejiro Hiryu, by Never Beat)
*2003 Still in Love (Sunday Silence - Bradamante, by Roberto)

Hong Kong

The Triple Crown series at Hong Kong's Sha Tin Racecourse consists of three races at increasingly longer distances. They are:
# Hong Kong Steward's Cup at convert|1600|m|mi held in January
# Hong Kong Gold Cup at convert|2000|m|mi held in February
# Hong Kong Champions & Chater Cup at convert|2400|m|mi held in May

In 1994, River Verdon became the first, and to date, only horse to win the Hong Kong Triple Crown.

Chile

* Clásico El Ensayo, Club Hipico de Santiago
* Clásico St' Leger, Hipodromo Chile
* El Derby, Valparaiso Sporting Club

Uruguay

* Gran Premio Polla de Potrillos
* Gran Premio Jockey Club
* Gran Premio Nacional

This combination of races received some publicity outside of Uruguay in 2006. The 2005 Triple Crown winner Invasor, after being sold to Sheik Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum's Shadwell Racing and sent to be raced in the United States, went on to win three Grade I races in 2006 before winning that year's Breeders' Cup Classic. He finished the year as the top-ranked horse in the 2006 World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings, and won the 2007 Dubai World Cup before being retired to stud following a training injury.

Ecuador

1980 - present
Ecuador has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns:

"Ecuador Triple Crown"
# Clásico Estreno Dr. Raúl Lebed Sigall, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón;
# Clásico Polla Nacional Sr. Agustin Febres Cordero, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón;
# Clásico Derby Nacional Sr.Benjamin Rosales A., at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón;

"Ecuador Fillies' Triple Crown"
# Clásico Ing. Carlos San Andres, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón;
# Clásico Sr. Eduardo Jairala F, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón;
# Clásico Abogado Carlos Julio Arosemena Peet, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón;

Pre-1980
In Ecuador, the Triple Crown consists of:

# Clásico Nelson Uraga Suarez, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquil;
# Clásico Enrique Guzman Aspiazu, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquil;
# Clásico Inginiero Ignacio De Icaza Aspiazu, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquil.

Triple Crown Champions:

Venezuela

Venezuela


1956 - present


Venezuela also has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns:
Venezuelan Official Triple Crown
1. Clásico José Antonio Páez, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
2. Clásico Cría Nacional (former Clásico Ministerio de Agricultura y Cría), at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
3. Clásico República de Venezuela (Venezuelan Derby), at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;

Venezuelan Fillies' Triple Crown

1. Clásico Hipódromo La Rinconada, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
2. Clásico Prensa Hípica Nacional, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
3. Clásico General Joaquín Crespo, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
Venezuelan Official Triple Crown Champions: (From 1956)

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner
1960 Gradisco Manuel Camacaro Leopoldo Márquez Stud Rey-Gan
1972 El Corsario José Luís Vargas Eduardo Azpúrua Stud El Corsario
1985 Iraquí Juan Vicente Tovar (+) Daniel Pérez Stud Chivacoa
1992 Catire Bello Douglas Valiente (+) Iván Calixto Stud Ilusión
2005 Polo Grounds Emisael Jaramillo Carlos Regalado Stud Black Label
2007 Taconeo Emisael Jaramillo Gustavo Delgado Stud Paula C

Notes

cite book
last = Williams
first = Guy St. John
authorlink =
coauthors = Francis P. M. Hyland
title = The Irish Derby 1866-1979
publisher = J. A. Allen & Co Ltd.
date = 1980
location = London and New York
pages =
url =
doi =
id = ISBN 0-85131-358-2

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