*Dyēus (also *Dyēus ph2ter) is the reconstructed chief deity of the Proto-Indo-European pantheon. He was the god of the daylight sky, and his position may have mirrored the position of the patriarch or monarch in society.

Later gods who are etymologically connected with Dyeus include:

Dyēus group:

Rooted in the related but distinct Indo-European word *deiwos is the Latin word for deity, deus. The Latin word is also continued in English divine, deity, and the original Germanic word remains visible in Tuesday (originally "Day of Tīwaz") and Old Norse tívar (gods), which may be continued in the toponym Tiveden (Wood of the Gods, or of Týr).

Deiwos group:

Estonian Tharapita bears similarity to Dyaus Pita in name, although it has been interpreted as being related to the god Thor.

Dyeus was addressed as Dyeu Ph2ter, literally "Sky Father" or "shining father", as reflected in Latin Iūpiter, Diēspiter, possibly Dispater and deus pater, Greek Zeu pater, Sanskrit Dyàuṣpítaḥ or DyausPitrah. In his aspect as a father god, his consort was Pltwih2 Mh2ter, "Earth Mother".

As the pantheons of the individual mythologies related to the Proto-Indo-European religion evolved, attributes of Dyeus were sometimes redistributed to other, newer deities. In Greek and Roman mythology, Dyeus remained the chief god, while in Vedic mythology, the etymological continuant of Dyeus became a very abstract god, and his original attributes, and his dominance over other gods, were transferred to gods whose names can (Agni) or cannot (Indra) be traced to Proto-Indo-European.

As an ordinary noun

Dyēus's name also likely means "the daytime sky":

  • In Sanskrit as div- (nominative singular dyāus with vrddhi), its singular means "the sky" and its plural means "days".
  • Pronounced *di-ēus (2 syllables) it became Latin diēs = "day".
  • Finnish and Estonian taivas and taevas, respectively, meaning "heaven" or "sky," are likely rooted in either neighboring Baltic Dievas or Germanic Tiwaz.

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ciel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ciel (homonymie).  Pour l’article homophone, voir Cielle. Le ciel est l atmosphère de la Terre telle qu elle est vue depuis le sol de la planète …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Envoyé du ciel — Ciel Wikipédia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pueblo proto-indoeuropeo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Resumen de la propuesta de expansión de pueblos indoeuropeos, entre el 4000 aC y el 1000 aC, de acuerdo con la hipótesis kurgánica. El término proto indoeuropeos se refiere a los individuos pertenecientes a una etnia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pueblo protoindoeuropeo — «Indoeuropeos» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Indoeuropeos (desambiguación). Resumen de la propuesta de expansión de pueblos indoeuropeos, entre el 4000 aC y el 1000 aC, de acuerdo con la hipótesis kurgánica. El término… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Monotheism — Monotheist redirects here. For the Celtic Frost album, see Monotheist (album). Part of a series on God …   Wikipedia

  • Týr — Tyr redirects here. For other uses, see Tyr (disambiguation). Tiwaz redirects here. For the Anatolian sun god, see Istanu. This article is about the god. For the rune, see Tiwaz rune. Týr by Lorenz Frølich (1895). Týr ( …   Wikipedia

  • Indra — Hdeity infobox| Caption = Name = Indra Devanagari = इन्द्र or इंद्र Sanskrit Transliteration = Indra Pali Transliteration = Tamil script = Affiliation = Deva God of = weather and war, king of the gods Abode = Amarāvati in Svarga Mantra = Weapon …   Wikipedia

  • Shangdi — (上帝, pinyin: Shàngdì , Wade Giles Shang Ti ) is the Supreme God in the original religious system of the Han Chinese people (see traditional Chinese religion), a term used from the second millennium BC to the present day, as pronounced according… …   Wikipedia

  • Dyaus Pita — An article related to Hinduism …   Wikipedia

  • Ζευς — Η κορυφαία θεότητα στο αρχαίο ελληνικό πάνθεον. Βλ. λ. Δίας. (Αστρον.) Πλανήτης του ηλιακού συστήματος. Βλ. λ. Δίας (Αστρον.). * * * και Δίας, ο (AM Ζεύς, Διός) 1. (στην αρχαία Ελλάδα) βασιλιάς και πατέρας θεών και ανθρώπων, θεός τού ουρανού και… …   Dictionary of Greek

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”