Patriarch

Patriarch

Originally a patriarch was a man who exercised autocratic authority as a pater familias over an extended family. The system of such rule of families by senior males is called patriarchy. This is a Greek word, a composition of "polytonic|πατήρ" (pater) meaning "father" and "polytonic|ἄρχων" (archon) meaning "leader", "chief", "ruler", "king", etc.

Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are referred to as the three patriarchs of the people of Israel, and the period in which they lived is called the Patriarchal Age. It originally acquired its religious meaning in the Septuagint version of the Bible. [CathEncy|wstitle=Patriarch]

The word has mainly taken on specific ecclesiastical meanings. In particular, the highest-ranking bishops in Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, the Roman Catholic Church (above Major Archbishop and primate), and the Assyrian Church of the East are called "patriarchs". The office and ecclesiastical conscription (comprising one or more provinces, though outside his own (arch)diocese he is often without enforceable jurisdiction) of such a patriarch is called a "patriarchate". Historically, a Patriarch may often be the logical choice to act as Ethnarch, representing the community that is identified with his religious confession within a state or empire of a different creed (as Christians within the Ottoman Empire).

Patriarchs of the Eastern Orthodox Churches

*The ancient Patriarchates (which originally also included the See of Rome):
**The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, head of the Orthodox Church of Constantinople and the Spiritual Leader of Eastern Orthodoxy
**The Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa and the head of the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria
**The Patriarch of Antioch and the head of the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch and All the East in the Near East
**The Patriarch of Jerusalem and the head of the Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem and Holy Zion in Israel, Palestine, Jordan and All Arabia
*The five junior Patriarchates created after the consolidation of the Pentarchy, in chronological order of their recognition as Patriarchates by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople:
**The Patriarch of All Bulgaria and the head of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church in Bulgaria, recognized as a Patriarchate in 927 AD [ [http://www.cnewa.org/ecc-bodypg-us.aspx?eccpageID=20&IndexView=toc Catholic Near East Welfare Association, a Papal agency for humanitarian and pastoral support] ]
**The Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia and the head of the Georgian Orthodox Church in Georgia, recognized as a Catholicosate (Patriarchate) in 1008 AD [ [http://www.cnewa.org/ecc-bodypg-us.aspx?eccpageID=21&IndexView=toc Catholic Near East Welfare Association, a Papal agency for humanitarian and pastoral support] ]
**The Patriarch of Serbia and the head of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Serbia (and the former Yugoslavia), recognized as a Patriarchate in 1375 AD [ [http://www.cnewa.org/ecc-bodypg-us.aspx?eccpageID=18&IndexView=toc Catholic Near East Welfare Association, a Papal agency for humanitarian and pastoral support] ]
**The Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church in Russia, recognized as a Patriarchate in 1589 AD [ [http://www.cnewa.org/ecc-bodypg-us.aspx?eccpageID=17&IndexView=toc Catholic Near East Welfare Association, a Papal agency for humanitarian and pastoral support] ]
**The Patriarch of All Romania and the head of the Romanian Orthodox Church in Romania, recognized as a Patriarchate in 1925 AD [ [http://www.cnewa.org/ecc-bodypg-us.aspx?eccpageID=19&IndexView=toc Catholic Near East Welfare Association, a Papal agency for humanitarian and pastoral support] ]

Eastern Patriarchs out of the Orthodox Communion

*Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia head of the Russian Old-Orthodox Church
*Patriarch of Kiev head of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchate
*Patriarch of Kiev head of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church

Patriarchs in Oriental Orthodox Churches

"see: Oriental Orthodoxy"
*The Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of All Africa and the head of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria in Egypt and All Africa and the Spiritual Leader of Oriental Orthodoxy
*The Patriarch of Antioch and All the East and the head of the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch and Supreme Leader of the Universal Syriac Orthodox Church in the Near East
** The Catholicos of India and the head of the Malankara Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church in India
* The Catholicos of Etchmiadzin, Armenia and of All Armenians and Supreme Patriarch of the Armenian Apostolic Church and the head of the Armenian Apostolic Church
** The Catholicos of Cilicia and head of the Armenian Apostolic Church of the House of Cilicia in Antelias, Lebanon and the Middle East
** The Patriarch of Constantinople for the Armenians in Turkey
** The Patriarch of Jerusalem and of Holy Zion for the Armenians in Israel, Palestine, Jordan and the Persian Gulf
*The Catholicos of the East and the head of the Indian Orthodox Church in India
*The Archbishop of Axum and Patriarch Catholicos of All Ethiopia and the head of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church in Ethiopia
*The Archbishop of Asmara and Patriarch of All Eritrea and the head of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church in Eritrea

Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East

*The Catholicos-Patriarch of Seleucia-Ctesiphon, head of the Assyrian Church of the East in the Near East

Patriarch of the Ancient Church of the East

*The Catholicos-Patriarch of Seleucia-Ctesiphon, head of the Ancient Church of the East in the Near East (separated from the Assyrian Church of the East in 1964)

Patriarch of the Nasrani (Assyrian) Church of the East

*The Catholicos of Jerusalem of the Church of the East & Abroad

Patriarchs of the Roman Catholic Church

"see: Roman Catholic Church"

As part of the Pentarchy, the Pope's Patriarchate of Rome was the only one in the Western Roman empire. It was roughly coterminous with present territory of the Latin Rite. In the past popes have used the title "Patriarch of the West". However, this title was removed from a reference publication issued by the Vatican in 2006. [cite news| title=Vatican removes title 'patriarch of the West' after pope's name| last=Wooden| first=Cindy| date=2006-03-02 | publisher=Catholic News Service|accessdate=2007-04-11]

Latin Rite Patriarchs

*The Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
*The Patriarch of the East Indies a titular patriarchal see, united to Goa and Daman.
*The Patriarch of Lisbon
*The Patriarch of Venice

Patriarchs of the Eastern Catholic Churches

[
thumb|Patriarch_Gregory III Laham of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church] "see: Patriarchs of the East"
*The Coptic Catholic Patriarch of Alexandria and head of the Coptic Catholic Church
*The Syrian Catholic Patriarch of Antioch and the head of the Syrian Catholic Church
*The Melkite Greek Catholic Patriarch of Antioch and the head of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church; united to it are two now titular patriarchal sees, both in Middle Eastern Pentarchy cities:
** Melkite Catholic Patriarch of Alexandria (in Egypt)
** Melkite Catholic Patriarchs of Jerusalem (in Palestine/Israel)
*The Maronite Patriarch of Antioch, head of the Maronite Church
*The Chaldean Catholic Patriarch of Babylon and the head of the Chaldean Catholic Church
*The Armenian Catholic Patriarch of Cilicia and the head of the Armenian Catholic Church

Historical Patriarchs in the Roman Catholic Church

*The Latin Patriarch of Antioch
*The Latin Patriarch of Alexandria
*The Patriarch of Aquileia
*The Latin Patriarch of Carthage
*The Latin Patriarch of Constantinople
*The Patriarch of Grado
*The Patriarch of the West Indies a titular patriarchal see, vacant since 1963

Catholic Patriarchs not in communion with the Church in Rome

*The Patriarch of the Catholic Apostolic National Church of Brazil

Mormonism

According to Mormonism, a patriarch is one who has been ordained to the office of Patriarch in the Melchizedek Priesthood. The term is considered synonymous with the term evangelist. One of the patriarch's primary responsibilities is to give Patriarchal blessings, as Jacob did to his twelve sons in the Old Testament. In the main branch of Mormonism, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Patriarchs are typically assigned in each stake and hold the title for life.

ee also

* List of current Popes and Patriarchs
* Lists of Patriarchs
* Patriarchate
* Patriarchy
* Matriarchy
* List of Bishops and Archbishops
* Major archbishop
* [http://www.biblenovels.com/ Patriarch the Book by Colin Piper]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Patriarch — • The word patriarch as applied to Biblical personages comes from the Septuagint version . . . Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Patriarch     Patriarch      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Patriarch — Pa tri*arch (p[=a] tr[i^]*[aum]rk), n. [F. patriarche, L. patriarcha, Gr. paria rchhs, fr. paria lineage, especially on the father s side, race; path r father + archo s a leader, chief, fr. a rchein to lead, rule. See {Father}, {Archaic}.] 1. The …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Patriarch — Sm Bischof, hoher Geistlicher std. (12. Jh.), mhd. patriarc[he], patriarke Entlehnung. Ist entlehnt aus kirchen l. patriarcha, patriarchēs, dieses aus gr. patriárchēs, eigentlich Stammesführer , zu gr. patriā Vaterland, Stamm , zu gr. patḗr… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Patriarch — (v. gr.), 1) Altvater, Haupt einer Familie; 2) (Erzväter), Stammväter der Geschlechter nach der Sündfluth, welche ein sehr hohes Alter erreichten; als P en bei den Hebräern galten Abraham, Isaak u. Jacob (s.d.a. unt. Hebräer, Gesch.). Solche P en …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • patriarch — [pā′trē ärk΄] n. [ME patriarche < OFr < LL(Ec) patriarcha < Gr(Ec) patriarchēs (transl. of Heb roshe avot) < Gr patria, family < patēr,FATHER + archēs < archein, to rule] 1. the father and ruler of a family or tribe, as one of… …   English World dictionary

  • Patriarch — (griech., »Altvater, Erzvater«), Name der Familienhäupter des biblischen Urgeschlechts und der Stammväter Israels bis auf die zwölf Söhne Jakobs. In der jüdischen Zeit führten die Vorsteher der Synedrien in Tiberias und Babylon diesen Ehrennamen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • patriarch — index ancestor, parents, precursor, predecessor, primogenitor Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • patriarch — (n.) late 12c., from O.Fr. patriarche one of the Old Testament fathers (11c.), from L.L. patriarcha (Tertullian), from Gk. patriarches chief or head of a family, from patria family, clan, from pater father (see FATHER (Cf. father) (n.)) + arkhein …   Etymology dictionary

  • Patriarch — Patriarch: Der Amts und Ehrentitel einiger höchster kirchlicher Würdenträger wurde in mhd. Zeit (mhd. patriarche, patriare) aus gleichbed. kirchenlat. patriarcha entlehnt, das seinerseits aus griech. patriárchēs »Stammvater, Sippenoberhaupt«… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • patriarch — ► NOUN 1) the male head of a family or tribe. 2) a biblical figure regarded as a father of the human race, especially Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and their forefathers, or the sons of Jacob. 3) a powerful or respected older man. 4) a high ranking… …   English terms dictionary


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