Pantheon (gods)

A pantheon (from Greek ' [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2377433] - "pantheion", literally "a temple of all gods", neut. of "πανθείος" - "pantheios", "of or common to all gods", from ' - "pan", "all" + " " - "theios", "of or for the gods", from "" - "theos", "god") is a set of all the gods of a particular polytheistic religion or mythology.

Max Weber's 1922 opus, "Economy and Society" discusses the link between a pantheon of gods and the development of monotheism.

"Pantheon" can also refer to a temple or sacred building dedicated to all the gods of a particular religion. The most famous such structure is the Pantheon of Rome, built in the year 27 BC to honor the Roman gods. It was later renovated for use as a Christian church after the fall of the Roman empire.

pecific pantheons

*Egyptian pantheon
*Sumerian pantheon
*Greek pantheon
*Roman pantheon
*Germanic pantheon
**Norse pantheon
*Celtic pantheon
*Slavic pantheon
*Hindu pantheon
**Rigvedic pantheon
*Japanese pantheon
*Aztec pantheon
*Native American pantheon
*African pantheon

Figurative use

Since the 16th century the word has also been used in a secular sense, meaning a set of exalted people. This meaning, in modern parlance, is often used to describe the rise of a person into that exalted group, e.g., "Mick Jagger has joined the pantheon of rock megastars."

Popular culture

The term has more recently been used in fictional universes, such as H. P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos, the Marvel universe and DC universe, and in numerous role-playing games, particularly the Dungeons & Dragons multiverse. In each, different pantheons of gods from classical literature and religious systems co-exist alongside more recent fictional creations of game writers. Such a system was the basis of the AD&D tome, "Deities & Demigods". In the Cosmology of Warcraft, in the first chapter "the Pantheon" is a group of metallic like gods who begin creating order, life and crafting the worlds. [http://www.worldofwarcraft.com]

In the "Kingdom Come" comic series by Mark Waid and Alex Ross Pantheon Gods are seen discussing the fate of mankind while Spectre, Norman Mccay and Deadman intervene.

In Hyde School Reunion, an episode of the television show Charmed, the word is used in a High School yearbook to describe the popular kids.

References

*Wrigley, Richard & Craske, Matthew (2004), "Pantheons transformations of a monumental idea". Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., ISBN 0754608085.


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  • Pantheon — (from Greek Πάνθειον [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2377433] pantheion , literally a temple of all gods ) may refer to: *Pantheon (gods), a word used to describe the set of gods of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Pantheon — Pan*the on, n. [L. pantheon, pantheum, Gr. pa nqeion (sc. iero n), fr. pa nqeios of all gods; pa^s, pa^n, all + qe os a god: cf. F. panth[ e]on. See {Pan }, and {Theism}.] 1. A temple dedicated to all the gods; especially, the building so called… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pantheon — (n.) c.1300, from Pantheon, temple for all the gods, built in Rome c.25 B.C.E. by Agrippa (since 609 C.E. made into the Christian church of Santa Maria Rotonda), from Gk. Pantheion (hieron) (shrine) of all the gods, from pantheion, neuter of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gods & Heroes: Rome Rising — Gods Heroes: Rome Rising Gods and Heroes: Rome Rising Éditeur Sony Online Entertainment Développeur Perpetual Entertainement …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gods & heroes: rome rising — Gods Heroes: Rome Rising Gods and Heroes: Rome Rising Éditeur Sony Online Entertainment Développeur Perpetual Entertainement …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gods and Heroes — Gods Heroes: Rome Rising Gods and Heroes: Rome Rising Éditeur Sony Online Entertainment Développeur Perpetual Entertainement …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gods and Heroes: Rome Rising — Gods Heroes: Rome Rising Gods and Heroes: Rome Rising Éditeur Sony Online Entertainment Développeur Perpetual Entertainement …   Wikipédia en Français

  • pantheon — ► NOUN 1) all the gods of a people or religion collectively. 2) an ancient temple dedicated to all the gods. 3) a collection of particularly famous or important people. ORIGIN originally referring especially to a circular temple in Rome: from… …   English terms dictionary

  • pantheon — [pan′thē än΄, pan′thēən; ] also, chiefly Brit [, pan thē′ən] n. [ME Panteon < L < Gr pantheion < pan, all (see PAN ) + theos, a god: see THEO ] 1. a temple for all the gods 2. [P ] a temple built by Agrippa in Rome in 27 B.C., and… …   English World dictionary

  • Gods & Heroes: Rome Rising — Gods and Heroes: Rome Rising Éditeur Sony Online Entertainment Développeur Perpetual Entertainement …   Wikipédia en Français

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