Welsh onion


Welsh onion
Welsh onion
Allium fistulosum at a farm
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
clade: Angiosperms
clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. fistulosum
Binomial name
Allium fistulosum
Linnaeus
Allium fistulosum

Allium fistulosum L. (Welsh onion, Japanese bunching onion) is a perennial onion. Other names that may be applied to this plant include green onion, spring onion, escallion, and salad onion. These names are ambiguous, as they may also be used to refer to any young green onion stalk, whether grown from Welsh onions, common bulb onions, or other similar members of the genus Allium. (see scallion) The species is very similar in taste and odor to the related bulb onion, Allium cepa, and hybrids between the two (tree onions) exist. The Welsh onion, however, does not develop bulbs, and possesses hollow leaves ("fistulosum" means "hollow") and scapes. Large varieties of the Welsh onion resemble the leek, such as the Japanese 'negi', whilst smaller varieties resemble chives. Many Welsh onions can multiply by forming perennial evergreen clumps.[1][2] Next to culinary use, it is also grown in a bunch as an ornamental plant.

Historically, the Welsh onion was known as the cibol.[3]

The name "Welsh onion" has become a misnomer in modern English, as Allium fistulosum is not indigenous to Wales. "Welsh" preserves the original meaning of the Old English word "welisc", or Old German "welsche", meaning "foreign" (compare wal- in "walnut", of the same etymological origin). The species originated in Asia, possibly Siberia or China. Ironically in Wales, the spring onion has a dialectical variation, jibbons or sibwns (pronounced 'shiboons') which originates from the French 'ciboule.'

Contents

Culinary use

In the West, the Welsh onion is primarily used as a scallion or salad onion, but is widely used in other parts of the world, particularly East Asia.[4]

Russia

Welsh onion is used in Russia in the spring for adding green leaves to salads.

Asia

The Welsh onion is an ingredient in Asian cuisine, especially in East and Southeast Asia. It is particularly important in China, Japan, and Korea, hence the other English name for this plant, 'Japanese bunching onion'. Bulb onions were introduced to East Asia in the 19th century, but A. fistulosum remains more popular and widespread.[4]

In Japan it is used in miso soup, negimaki (beef and scallion rolls), among others, and it is widely sliced up and used as a garnish, such as on teriyaki or takoyaki.

Jamaica

Known as escallion,[5] the Welsh onion is an ingredient in Jamaican cuisine, in combination with thyme, scotch bonnet pepper, garlic and allspice (called pimenta). Recipes with escallion sometimes suggest leek as a substitute in salads. Jamaican dried spice mixtures using escallion are available commercially.

The Jamaican name is probably a variant of scallion, the term used loosely for the spring onion and various other plants in the genus Allium.

Image gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Floridata: Allium fistulosum
  2. ^ Thompson, Sylvia (1995). The Kitchen Garden. Bantam Books. 
  3. ^ Ward, A: The Encyclopedia of Food and Beverage, New York, 1911. Retrieved January 5, 2007.
  4. ^ a b Fritsch, R.M.; N. Friesen (2002). "Chapter 1: Evolution, Domestication, and Taxonomy". In H.D. Rabinowitch and L. Currah. Allium Crop Science: Recent Advances. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing. pp. 18. ISBN 0-85199-510-1. 
  5. ^ "Ministry of Agriculture and Lands Standard Specification for Escallion". Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Jamaica. April 1987 (revised June 1999). http://www.moa.gov.jm/about/departments/standards/escallion_booklet.pdf. Retrieved August 20, 2010. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Welsh onion — Welsh Welsh, a. [AS. w[ae]lisc, welisc, from wealh a stranger, foreigner, not of Saxon origin, a Welshman, a Celt, Gael; akin to OHG. walh, whence G. w[ a]lsch or welsch, Celtic, Welsh, Italian, French, Foreign, strange, OHG. walhisc; from the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Welsh onion — Onion On ion, n. [F. ognon, fr. L. unio oneness, unity, a single large pearl, an onion. See {One}, {Union}.] 1. (Bot.) A liliaceous plant of the genus {Allium} ({Allium cepa}), having a strong flavored bulb and long hollow leaves; also, its… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Welsh onion — noun Asiatic onion with slender bulbs; used as early green onions • Syn: ↑Japanese leek, ↑Allium fistulosum • Hypernyms: ↑onion, ↑onion plant, ↑Allium cepa * * * noun Usage: usually capitaliz …   Useful english dictionary

  • Welsh onion — tuščialaiškis česnakas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Česnakinių šeimos daržovinis, vaistinis, prieskoninis kultūrinis augalas (Allium fistulosum), kilęs iš rytų Azijojs. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai). atitikmenys: lot. Allium …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Welsh onion — noun an Asian onion that forms clusters of slender bulbs which resemble spring onions. [Allium fistulosum.] Origin C18 (as Welch onion): Welsh from Ger. welsch foreign …   English new terms dictionary

  • Welsh onion — noun A species of onion (Allium fistulosum). Syn: spring onion, Japanese bunching onion …   Wiktionary

  • Welsh — Welsh, a. [AS. w[ae]lisc, welisc, from wealh a stranger, foreigner, not of Saxon origin, a Welshman, a Celt, Gael; akin to OHG. walh, whence G. w[ a]lsch or welsch, Celtic, Welsh, Italian, French, Foreign, strange, OHG. walhisc; from the name of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Welsh flannel — Welsh Welsh, a. [AS. w[ae]lisc, welisc, from wealh a stranger, foreigner, not of Saxon origin, a Welshman, a Celt, Gael; akin to OHG. walh, whence G. w[ a]lsch or welsch, Celtic, Welsh, Italian, French, Foreign, strange, OHG. walhisc; from the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Welsh glaive — Welsh Welsh, a. [AS. w[ae]lisc, welisc, from wealh a stranger, foreigner, not of Saxon origin, a Welshman, a Celt, Gael; akin to OHG. walh, whence G. w[ a]lsch or welsch, Celtic, Welsh, Italian, French, Foreign, strange, OHG. walhisc; from the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Welsh hook — Welsh Welsh, a. [AS. w[ae]lisc, welisc, from wealh a stranger, foreigner, not of Saxon origin, a Welshman, a Celt, Gael; akin to OHG. walh, whence G. w[ a]lsch or welsch, Celtic, Welsh, Italian, French, Foreign, strange, OHG. walhisc; from the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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