Claude Piron
Piron, Boulogne Congress, 2005

Claude Piron (26 February 1931 – 22 January 2008) was a psychologist and a translator for the United Nations (from Chinese, English, Russian and Spanish into French) from 1956 to 1961.

After leaving the UN, he worked the world over for the World Health Organization.

He was a prolific author of Esperanto works. He spoke Esperanto from childhood and used it in Japan, the People's Republic of China, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, in Africa and Latin America, and in nearly all the countries of Europe.

In some of his books, he used the pseudonym Johán Valano.

Contents

Life

Piron was a psychotherapist and taught from 1973 to 1994 in the psychology department at the University of Geneva in Switzerland. His French-language book Le défi des langues — Du gâchis au bon sens (The Language Challenge: From Chaos to Common Sense, 1994) is a kind of psychoanalysis of international communication. A Portuguese version, O desafio das linguas, was published in 2002 (Campinas, São Paulo, Pontes).

In a lecture on the current system of international communication [1] Piron argued that "Esperanto relies entirely on innate reflexes" and "differs from all other languages in that you can always trust your natural tendency to generalize patterns... The same neuropsychological law...—called by Jean Piaget generalizing assimilation—applies to word formation as well as to grammar."

His diverse Esperanto writings include instructional books, books for beginners, novels, short stories, poems, articles and non-fiction books. His most famous works are Gerda malaperis! and La Bona Lingvo (The Good Language).

Gerda malaperis! is a novella which uses basic grammar and vocabulary in the first chapter and builds up to expert Esperanto by the end, including word lists so that beginners may easily follow along.

In La Bona Lingvo, Piron captures the basic linguistic and social aspects of Esperanto. He argues strongly for imaginative use of the basic Esperanto morpheme inventory and word-formation techniques, and against unnecessary importation of neologisms from European languages. He also presents the idea that, once one has learned enough vocabulary to express himself, it is easier to think clearly in Esperanto than in many other languages.

Piron is the author of a book in French, Le bonheur clés en main (The Keys to Happiness), which distinguishes among pleasure, happiness and joy. He shows how one may avoid contributing to his own "anti-happiness" (l'anti-bonheur) and how one may expand the areas of happiness in his life. Piron's view is that, while one may desire happiness, desire is not enough. Just as people must do certain things in order to become physically stronger, they must do certain things in order to become happier. Those are the things that he describes in this book.

See also

References

  • Claude Piron, Le défi des langues — Du gâchis au bon sens (The Language Challenge: From Chaos to Common Sense), Paris, L'Harmattan, 1994.
  • Claude Piron, "Le bonheur clés en main" (The Keys to Happiness), Saint-Maurice, Saint Augustin, 1998.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Claude Piron — beim Esperanto Kongress in Boulogne sur Mer, 2005. Claude Piron (* 1931 in Namur, Belgien; † 22. Januar 2008 in Gland, Schweiz) war ein international tätiger Schweizer Dolmetscher sowie langjähriger Psychologie Dozent mit einem Schwer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude Piron — (Namur, Bélgica, 26 de febrero de 1931 Gland, Suiza, 22 de enero de 2008) era un psicólogo suizo, muy conocido como escritor en la lengua internacional esperanto. Diplomado en la Escuela de Intérpretes de la Universidad de Ginebra, fue traductor… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Claude Piron —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Claude Piron (chanteur).  Claude Piron …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Piron (écrivain) — Claude Piron  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Claude Piron (chanteur).  Claude Piron …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Piron (Chanteur) —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Claude Piron.  Claude Piron, né le 25 janvier 1936 à Saint Pierre de Cormeilles (Eure) en Normandie, est un chanteur de rock français qui a débuté sa carrière en 1958 avant de prendre le nom de Danny Boy… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Piron (Danny Boy) — Claude Piron (chanteur)  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Claude Piron.  Claude Piron, né le 25 janvier 1936 à Saint Pierre de Cormeilles (Eure) en Normandie, est un chanteur de rock français qui a débuté sa carrière en 1958 avant de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude piron (chanteur) —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Claude Piron.  Claude Piron, né le 25 janvier 1936 à Saint Pierre de Cormeilles (Eure) en Normandie, est un chanteur de rock français qui a débuté sa carrière en 1958 avant de prendre le nom de Danny Boy… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Piron (chanteur) —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Claude Piron.  Claude Piron, né le 25 janvier 1936 à Saint Pierre de Cormeilles (Eure) en Normandie, est un chanteur de rock français qui a débuté sa carrière en 1958 avant de prendre le nom de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Piron — bezeichnet: einen Ort in Osttimor, siehe Lontas Personen namens Piron waren Alexis Piron (1689–1773), französischer Schriftsteller Armand J. Piron (1888–1943), US amerikanischer Jazz Violinist Claude Piron (1931–2008), Schweizer Psychologe,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Piron — is a surname of a number of notable individuals:*Claude Piron a translator * Alexis Piron a French dramatist * Armand J. Piron a Jazz musicianOther meaning* Brigade Piron, a Belgian Infantry Brigade …   Wikipedia

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