April 26

April 26

Events

*1467 - The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy.
*1478 - The Pazzi attack Lorenzo de' Medici and kill his brother Giuliano during High Mass in the Duomo of Florence.
*1607 - English colonists of the Jamestown settlement make landfall at Cape Henry, Virginia.
*1802 - Napoleon Bonaparte signs a general amnesty to allow all but about one thousand of the most notorious émigrés of the French Revolution to return to France, as part of a reconciliary gesture with the factions of the Ancien Regime and to eventually consolidate his own rule.
*1805 - United States Marines captured Derne, Tripoli under the command of First Lieutenant Presley O'Bannon.
*1865 - American Civil War: Confederate General Joseph Johnston surrenders his army to General William Tecumseh Sherman at the Bennett Place near Durham, North Carolina.
* 1865 - Union cavalry troopers corner and shoot dead John Wilkes Booth, President Lincoln's assassin, in Virginia.
*1925 - Paul von Hindenburg defeats Wilhelm Marx in the second round of the German presidential election to become the first directly elected head of state of the Weimar Republic.
*1933 - The Gestapo, the official secret police force of Nazi Germany, is established.
*1937 - Spanish Civil War: Guernica, Spain is bombed by German Luftwaffe.
*1945 - World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht.
*1946 - Father Divine, a controversial religious leader who claims to be God, marries the much-younger Edna Rose Ritchings, a celebrated anniversary in the International Peace Mission movement.
*1954 - The Geneva Conference, an effort to restore peace in Indochina and Korea, begins.
*1956 - First container ship left Port Newark, New Jersey for Houston, Texas
*1962 - NASA's Ranger 4 spacecraft crashes into the Moon.
*1963 - In Libya, amendments to the constitution transform Libya (United Kingdom of Libya) into one national unity (Kingdom of Libya) and allows for female participation in elections.
*1964 - Tanganyika and Zanzibar merge to form Tanzania.
*1965 - A Rolling Stones concert in London, Ontario is shut down by police after 15 minutes due to rioting.
*1966 - An earthquake of magnitude 7.5 destroys Tashkent.
*1982 - 57 people are killed by former Korean police officer Woo Bum-kon in a shooting spree in Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea.
*1986 - In Ukraine, a nuclear reactor accident occurs at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, creating the world's worst nuclear disaster.
*1991 - Seventy tornadoes break out in the central United States. Before the outbreak's end, Andover, Kansas, would record the year's only F5 tornado (see Andover, Kansas Tornado Outbreak).
*1994 - A China Airlines Airbus A300-600R crashes at Nagoya Airport, Japan killing everyone on board, with a death toll amounting to 264.
*1994 - Physicists announce first evidence of the top quark subatomic particle.
*2002 - Robert Steinhäuser infiltrates and kills 17 at Gutenberg-Gymnasium in Erfurt,Germany before dying of a self-inflicted gunshot.
*2005 - Under international pressure, Syria withdraws the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison in Lebanon, ending its 29-year military domination of that country.
*2007 - Queen's Pier is officially closed by the Hong Kong Government, after a bitter struggle by conservationists, in order to facilitate land reclamation in Hong Kong's Central district

Births

* 121 - Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor (d. 180)
* 570 - Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi'a sect. Other sources suggest April 20.
*1538 - Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter (d. 1600)
*1564 - William Shakespeare, English poet and playwright (d. 1616)
*1573 - Marie de' Medici, wife of Henry IV of France (d. 1642)
*1648 - King Peter II of Portugal (d. 1706)
*1662 - Maria Luisa of Orleans, queen consort of Spain (d. 1689)
*1710 - Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)
*1711 - David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (d. 1776)
*1718 - Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral (d. 1802)
*1774 - Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (d. 1853)
*1782 - Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies, queen of France (d. 1866)
*1785 - John James Audubon, French-American naturalist and illustrator (d. 1851)
*1787 - Ludwig Uhland, German poet (d. 1862)
*1798 - James Beckwourth, American explorer (d. 1867)
* 1798 - Eugène Delacroix, French painter (d. 1863)
*1801 - Ambrose Dudley Mann, American diplomat (d. 1889)
*1804 - Charles Goodyear, American politician (d. 1876)
*1812 - Alfred Krupp, German industrialist (d. 1887)
*1822 - Frederick Law Olmsted, American landscape architect (d. 1903)
*1826 - George Hull Ward, American general (d. 1863)
* 1826 - Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General (d. 1872
*1856 - Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1930)
*1878 - Saint Rafael Guízar Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop
*1879 - Owen Willans Richardson, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
*1886 - Ma Rainey, American singer (d. 1939)
* 1886 - Ğabdulla Tuqay, Tatar poet (d. 1913)
*1888 - Anita Loos, American writer (d. 1981)
*1889 - Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian-born philosopher (d. 1951)
*1893 - Draza Mihajlovic, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal (d. 1946)
*1894 - Rudolf Hess, Nazi official (d. 1987)
*1896 - Ernst Udet, WWI pilot and film actor, Luftwaffe officer (d. 1941)
*1897 - Eddie Eagan, American sportsman (d. 1967)
* 1897 - Douglas Sirk, German-born film director (d. 1987)
*1898 - Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1984)
* 1898 - John Grierson, Scottish filmmaker (d. 1972)
*1900 - Charles Richter, American geophysicist (d. 1985)
* 1900 - Hack Wilson, American baseball player (d. 1948)
*1904 - Paul-Émile Léger, Quebec cardinal and archbishop (d. 1991)
*1910 - Tomoyuki Tanaka, Japanese movie producer and creator of Godzilla (d. 1997)
*1911 - Marianne Hoppe, German actress (d. 2002)
*1912 - A. E. van Vogt, Canadian writer (d. 2000)
*1914 - Bernard Malamud, American author (d. 1986)
* 1914 - James W. Rouse, American investor (d. 1996)
*1916 - Morris West, Australian writer (d. 1999)
* 1916 - Vic Perrin, American actor (d. 1989)
*1917 - Sal Maglie, American baseball player (d. 1992)
* 1917 - I.M. Pei, Chinese-born architect
*1918 - Fanny Blankers-Koen, Dutch athlete (d. 2004)
* 1918 - Stafford Repp, American actor (d. 1974)
*1922 - Jeanne Sauvé, French Canadian politician (d. 1993)
*1925 - Jørgen Ingmann, Danish musician
*1926 - David Coleman, British TV sports broadcaster
* 1926 - Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator (d. 2003)
*1927 - Jack Douglas, English actor
*1929 - Richard Mitchell, American author and professor (d. 2002)
*1930 - Roger Moens, Belgian athlete
*1932 - Francis Lai, French film music composer
* 1932 - Michael Smith, English-born chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)
*1933 - Carol Burnett, American comedian
* 1933 - Arno Allan Penzias, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate
* 1933 - Filiberto Ojeda Ríos, Puerto Rican activist (d. 2005)
*1938 - Duane Eddy, American musician
* 1938 - Maurice Williams, American singer (The Zodiacs)
*1940 - Giorgio Moroder, Italian composer
* 1940 - Cliff Watson, English rugby league footballer
*1941 - Claudine Clark, American R&B singer-composer
* 1941 - John Mitchell, American composer
*1942 - Claudine Auger, French actress
* 1942 - Michael Kergin, Canadian diplomat
* 1942 - Bobby Rydell, American singer
*1943 - Gary Wright, American singer
* 1943 - Peter Zumthor, Swiss architect
*1944 - Amien Rais, Indonesian politician
*1945 - Sylvain Simard, Quebec politician
*1947 - Warren Clarke, English actor
*1949 - Carlos Bianchi, Argentinian footballer
* 1949 - Jerry Blackwell, American wrestler (d. 1995)
* 1949 - Dominic Sena, American film director
*1955 - Mike Scott, American baseball player
*1956 - Koo Stark, American actress
*1958 - John Crichton-Stuart, 7th Marquess of Bute
* 1958 - Giancarlo Esposito, American actor
* 1958 - Jeffrey Guterman, American mental health counselor
*1959 - John Corabi, American Musician
*1959 - Thanassis Papakonstantinou, Greek singer and songwriter
*1960 - Roger Taylor, English musician (Duran Duran)
* 1960 - Steve Lombardozzi, American baseball player
*1961 - Joan Chen, Chinese-born actress
* 1961 - Anthony Cumia, American radio personality (The Opie and Anthony Show)
* 1961 - Chris Mars, American rock drummer (The Replacements)
*1962 - Colin Anderson, English footballer
* 1962 - Michael Damian, American actor, singer and producer
* 1962 - Debra Wilson, American actress and comedian
*1963 - Jet Li, Chinese martial artist
* 1963 - Colin Scotts, Australian-born American football player
*1965 - Kevin James, American comedian
*1966 - Yoshihiro Togashi, Mangaka who created YuYu Hakusho
*1967 - Marianne Jean-Baptiste, Academy Award nominated British actress
*1967 - Glen Jacobs, American professional wrestler
*1970 - Melania Trump, Slovenian model
* 1970 - Tionne "T-Boz" Watkins, American singer (TLC)
*1971 - Jay DeMarcus, American bassist (Rascal Flatts)
*1972 - Jason Bargwanna, Australian racing driver
* 1972 - Kiko Narváez, Spanish footballer
* 1972 - Avi Nimni, Israeli Footballer
*1973 - Chris Perry, English footballer
*1974 - Ivana Milicevic, Croatian-American actress
* 1974 - Adil Ray, English radio presenter (BBC Asian Network)
*1975 - Nathan "Joey" Jordison, American musician (Slipknot)
* 1975 - Nerina Pallot, British singer
*1976 - Vaclav Varada, Czech ice hockey player
*1977 - Jason Earles, American actor
* 1977 - Kosuke Fukudome, Japanese baseball player
* 1977 - Chris Johnston, Irish rugby player
* 1977 - Tom Welling, American actor
*1978 - Avant, American singer
* 1978 - Joe Crede, American baseball player
* 1978 - Peter Madsen, Danish footballer
*1979 - Ariane Moffatt, Quebec singer and songwriter
* 1979 - Janne Wirman, Finnish musician (Children of Bodom)
*1980 - Jordana Brewster, American actress
* 1980 - Anna Mucha, Polish actress
* 1980 - Channing Tatum, American actor
*1981 - Matthieu Delpierre, French footballer
* 1981 - Ms. Dynamite, English musician
*1982 - Joanne Gobure, Nauruan poet
* 1982 - Brock Gillespie, American basketball player
* 1982 - Jon Lee, British singer (S Club)
* 1982 - Cooper Wallace, National Football League tight end
*1983 - José María López, Argentine racing driver
* 1983 - Jessica Lynch, American P.O.W.
*1984 - Lee Humphrey, American basketball player
* 1984 - Mija Martina, Bosnian singer
*1985 - John Isner, American Tennis player
* 1985 - Nam Gyu-Ri, Korean singer, member of See Ya
*1987 - Jessica Lee Rose, American-born New Zealand actress, famous YouTube star lonelygirl15

Deaths

*1192 - Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (b. 1127)
*1444 - Robert Campin, Flemish painter (b. 1378)
*1476 - Simonetta Vespucci, inspiration of Botticelli (b.1453)
*1478 - Giuliano di Piero de' Medici, ruler of Florence (assassinated) (b. 1453)
*1489 - Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (b. 1465)
*1716 - John Somers, 1st Baron Somers, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1651)
*1784 - Nano Nagle, Irish convent founder (b. 1718)
*1789 - Count Petr Ivanovich Panin, Russian soldier (b. 1721)
*1865 - John Wilkes Booth, American actor and assassin (shot) (b. 1838)
*1881 - Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (b. 1815)
*1892 - Sir Provo Wallis, British Admiral and naval hero (b. 1791)
*1910 - Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian author, Nobel laureate (b. 1832)
*1920 - Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (b. 1887)
*1932 - William Lockwood, English cricketer (b. 1868)
*1936 - Tammany Young, American actor (b.1886)
*1938 - Edmund Husserl, Austrian philosopher (b. 1859)
*1940 - Carl Bosch, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
*1944 - Violette Morris, French athlete (b. 1893)
*1945 - Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian politician and general (b. 1871)
* 1945 - Sigmund Rascher, Nazi doctor (b. 1909)
*1950 - G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (b. 1881)
*1951 - Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (b. 1868)
*1956 - Edward Arnold, American actor (b. 1890)
*1957 - Gichin Funakoshi, Father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo (b. 1868)
*1964 - E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet born Newfoundland (b. 1882)
*1969 - Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of aikido (b. 1883)
*1970 - Erik Bergman, Lutheran pastor (b. 1886)
* 1970 - Gypsy Rose Lee, American actress (b. 1911)
*1972 - Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (b. 1892)
*1973 - Irene Ryan, American actress (b. 1902)
*1976 - Sid James, South African-born British comedian (b. 1913)
*1980 - Cicely Courtneidge, English actress and comedian (b. 1893)
*1981 - Jim Davis, American actor (b. 1909)
*1984 - Count Basie, American musician and composer (b. 1904)
*1986 - Broderick Crawford, American actor (stroke) (b. 1911)
* 1986 - Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter (b. 1899)
* 1986 - Bessie Love, American actress (b. 1898)
*1987 - John Ernest Silkin, British politician (b. 1923)
*1987 - Shankar, Of Noted Bollywood Music Director Duo Shankar-Jaikishan (b. 1922)
*1989 - Lucille Ball, American actress and comedian (b. 1911)
*1991 - Leo Arnaud, French-American composer (b. 1904)
* 1991 - Carmine Coppola, American composer and conductor (b. 1910)
* 1991 - Emily McLaughlin, American actress (b. 1928)
* 1991 - Richard Hatfield, Canadian politician (b. 1931)
*1994 - Masutatsu Oyama, Founder of Japanese Kyokushin Karate (b. 1927)
*1996 - Stirling Silliphant, American writer and producer (b. 1918)
*1999 - Adrian Borland, English musician (The Sound) (b. 1957)
* 1999 - Jill Dando, British television presenter (b.1961)
*2002 - Robert Steinhäuser German spree killer (b.1983)
*2003 - Rosemary Brown, Canadian politician (b. 1930)
* 2003 - Max Nicholson, Irish environmentalist (b. 1904)
* 2003 - Peter Stone, American writer (b. 1930)
*2004 - Hubert Selby Jr., American author (b. 1928)
*2005 - Mason Adams, American actor (b. 1919)
* 2005 - Maria Schell, Swiss-Austrian actress (b. 1926)
* 2005 - Augusto Roa Bastos, Paraguayan author (b. 1917)
*2007 - Jack Valenti, American political advisor and film executive (b. 1921)

Holidays and observances

* Tanzania - Union Day.
* Florida and Georgia, USA - Confederate Memorial Day.
* World Intellectual Property Day (since 2001).In the Roman Catholic Church:
*Our Lady of Good Counsel
*Saint Alda (d. 1309)
*Franca Visalta (d. 1218)
*Richarius or Riquier (d. 643)
*Paschasius (d. 865)
*Saint Cletus (Pope Anacletus) and Marcellinus (Popes and martyrs)
*Lucidius (4th century)
*Trudpert (Irish monk martyred in Germany in 607).In the Russian Orthodox Church:
*Stephen of Perm - also Old Permic Alphabet Day

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/26 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Apr&day=26 On This Day in Canada] ----


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