- Greek Orthodox Church
Greek Orthodox Church
Flag used by the Greek Orthodox Church and the standard of the self-governed monastic state of Mount Athos.
Founder Independence Recognition Primate Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew Headquarters Constantinople Territory Greece
Language Koine Greek Adherents over 15,500,000 Website
The Greek Orthodox Church (Monotonic Greek: Ελληνορθόδοξη Εκκλησία, Polytonic: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, IPA: [elinorˈθoðoksi ekliˈsia]) is the body of several churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity sharing a common cultural tradition whose liturgy is also traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, the original language of the New Testament. The church's current territorial areas include Greece, Lebanon, Cyprus, Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Palestine, Egypt, Syria, Albania, Ethiopia, and Italy.
The churches where the Greek Orthodox term is applicable are:
- The four ancient Patriarchates:
- The Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, headed by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, who is also the "first among equals" of the Eastern Orthodox Communion
- The Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria
- The Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch
- The Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem
- The Orthodox Church of Mount Sinai
Another autocephalous church which can be described as Greek Orthodox is the Orthodox Church of Albania. Led since the collapse of the former Stalinist régime by Archbishop Anastasios, a Greek national, the Church conducts its liturgy in Koine Greek in Northern Epirus (Southern Albania) which populated by the ethnic Greek minority.
History of the term
Historically, the term Greek Orthodox has also been used to describe all Eastern Orthodox Churches, since "Greek" in "Greek Orthodox" can refer to the Greek heritage of the Byzantine Empire. During eight centuries of Christian history most major intellectual, cultural, and social developments in the Christian church took place within the Empire or in the sphere of its influence, thus most parts of the liturgy, traditions, and practices of the church of Constantinople were adopted by all, and still provide the basic patterns of contemporary Orthodoxy. However, the appellation "Greek" was abandoned by Slavic and other national orthodox churches in connection with their peoples' national awakenings, from as early as the 10th century A.D.
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- ^ The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America should not be confused with the Orthodox Church in America, whose autocephaly – granted by the Russian Orthodox Church – is not recognized by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople and many other churches of the Eastern Orthodox Communion.
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- Media related to Greek Orthodox Church at Wikimedia Commons
Greek Orthodox Christianity Patriarchates Autocephalous and
EparchiesGreek Orthodox Archdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain | Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Italy and Exarchate of Southern Europe | Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America | Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia
- The four ancient Patriarchates:
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