Arab Republic of Egyptجمهورية مصر العربية
Ǧumhūriyyat Maṣr al-ʿArabiyyah
Flag Coat of arms Anthem:
"Bilady, Bilady, Bilady"
My country, my country, my country
(and largest city)
Official language(s) Arabic[a] Ethnic groups 99% Egyptians
Demonym Egyptian Government Military junta - Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces Mohamed Hussein Tantawi[b] - Prime Minister Essam Sharaf Establishment - Unified state c. 3100 BC - Independence from the United Kingdom 28 February 1922 - Republican regime 18 June 1953 - Provisional Constitution 30 March 2011 Area - Total 1,002,450 km2 (30th)
387,048 sq mi
- Water (%) 0.632 Population - 2011 estimate 81,015,887 (16th) - 2006 census 76,699,427 (total)
incl. 3,901,396 abroad
- Density Real density:[c]
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate - Total $508.265 billion - Per capita $6,361 GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate - Total $231.111 billion - Per capita $2,892 Gini (1999–00) 34.5 (medium) HDI (2010) 0.620 (medium) (101st) Currency Egyptian pound (
Time zone EET (UTC+2 (No DST Since 2011)) Drives on the right ISO 3166 code EG Internet TLD .eg, مصر. Calling code +20 a.^ Literary Arabic is the sole official language. Egyptian Arabic is the national spoken language. Other dialects and minority languages are used regionally.
b.^ De facto interim head of state.
c.^ Densities are based on 2006 population figures. The gap between arithmetic and real densities is due to the fact that 98% of Egyptians live on 3% of the territory.
Egypt i// (Arabic: مصر, Miṣr, Egyptian Arabic: [mɑsˤɾ] ; Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ, Kīmi ; Sahidic Coptic: ⲕⲏⲙⲉ, Kēme), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: جمهوريّة مصر العربيّة (help·info), is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world. Covering an area of about 1,010,000 square kilometers (390,000 sq mi), Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.
Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. The great majority of its estimated 80 million people live near the banks of the Nile River, in an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable land is found. The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.
Monuments in Egypt such as the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx were constructed by its ancient civilization. Its ancient ruins, such as those of Memphis, Thebes, and Karnak and the Valley of the Kings outside Luxor, are a significant focus of archaeological study. The tourism industry and the Red Sea Riviera employ about 12% of Egypt's workforce.
The economy of Egypt is one of the most diversified in the Middle East, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and service at almost equal production levels.
- 1 Names
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Egypt — • Provides information on history, religion, and literature Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Egypt Egypt † … Catholic encyclopedia
EGYPT — EGYPT, country in N.E. Africa, centering along the banks of the River Nile from the Mediterranean coast southward beyond the first cataract at Aswan. The ancient Egyptians named their land Kemi, the Black Land, while the neighboring Asiatic… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Egypt — steht für: Ägypten (englisch) Egypt (1897), Passagierschiff der britischen Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company Egypt ist der Name folgender Orte: Egypt (Buckinghamshire), Burnham, Buckinghamshire, Großbritannien Egypt (Arkansas),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Egypt — and the people of Israel have tangled together throughout the biblical, medieval, and modern periods. As one of the great civilizations of the ancient world, relatively free from foreign invasions until the arrival of the Assyrians (7th cent.… … Dictionary of the Bible
Egypt — Egypt, a majority Muslim country, is also home to two ancient Christian churches, the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa. Of approximately 9.5 million Christians in Egypt, more than 8.5… … Encyclopedia of Protestantism
Egypt — O.E. Egipte, from Fr. Egypte, from Gk. Aigyptos the river Nile, Egypt, from Amarna Hikuptah, corresponding to Egypt. Ha(t) ka ptah temple of the soul of Ptah, the creative god associated with Memphis, the ancient city of Egypt. Strictly one of… … Etymology dictionary
Egypt — Egypt, AR U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 101 Housing Units (2000): 51 Land area (2000): 0.368005 sq. miles (0.953129 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.368005 sq. miles (0.953129 sq. km) … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Egypt — n. a country at the northeastern corner of Africa. At one time it was joined with Syria to form the United Arab Republic. Syn: United Arab Republic. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
egypt — egypt; egypt·ize; … English syllables
Egypt — Egypt1 [ē′jipt] country in NE Africa, on the Mediterranean and Red seas: ancient Egyptian dynasties may date back as far as 4500 B.C.; in modern times, occupied by the British in 1882 & achieved independence in 1922: 386,662 sq mi (1,001,451 sq… … English World dictionary
Egypt — /ee jipt/, n. 1. Arab Republic of. a republic in NE Africa. 64,791,891; 386,198 sq. mi. (1,000,252 sq. km). Cap.: Cairo. Arabic, Misr. Formerly (1958 71), United Arab Republic. 2. an ancient kingdom in NE Africa: divided into the Nile Delta… … Universalium