ISO 3166

ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). It defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. It consists of three parts:[1]

  • ISO 3166-1, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes, defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. It defines three sets of country codes:
  • ISO 3166-2, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision code, defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
  • ISO 3166-3, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 3: Code for formerly used names of countries, defines codes for country names which have been deleted from ISO 3166-1 since its first publication in 1974.

The first edition of ISO 3166 was published in 1974, which included only alphabetic country codes. The second edition, published in 1981, also included numeric country codes, with the third and fourth editions published in 1988 and 1993 respectively. The fifth edition, published between 1997 and 1999, was expanded into three parts to include codes for subdivisions and former countries.[2]

Contents

ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency

The ISO 3166 standard is maintained by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA), located at the ISO central office in Geneva, Switzerland. Originally it was located at the Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN) in Berlin, Germany. Its principal tasks are:[3]

  • To add and to eliminate country names (respectively, country subdivision names) and to assign code elements to them;
  • To publish lists of country names (respectively, country subdivision names) and code elements;
  • To maintain a reference list of all country code elements and country subdivision code elements used and their period of use;
  • To issue newsletters announcing changes to the code tables;
  • To advise users on the application of ISO 3166.

Members

There are ten experts with voting rights on the ISO 3166/MA.[4] Five are representatives of national standards organizations:

The other five are representatives of major United Nations agencies or other international organizations who are all users of ISO 3166-1:

The ISO 3166/MA has further associated members who do not participate in the votes but who, through their expertise, have significant influence on the decision taking procedure in the maintenance agency.

See also

  • ISO 639Codes for the representation of names of languages
  • ISO 15924Codes for the representation of names of scripts
  • ISO 4217Currency codes
  • FIPS 10-4

References

  1. ^ "What is ISO 3166?". International Organization for Standardization (ISO). http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/background_on_iso_3166/what_is_iso_3166.htm. 
  2. ^ "Development of ISO 3166". ISO. http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/background_on_iso_3166/development_of_iso_3166.htm. 
  3. ^ "Tasks of ISO 3166/MA". ISO. http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/background_on_iso_3166/tasks_of_iso_3166_ma.htm. 
  4. ^ "Members of ISO 3166/MA". ISO. http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/background_on_iso_3166/members_of_iso_3166_ma.htm. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • ISO 3166-1 — est une des parties de la norme ISO 3166. Publiée pour la première fois en 1974 par l’ISO, elle attribue 3 codes pour les pays du monde : ISO 3166 1 alpha 2 : codes à deux lettres pour de nombreuses applications, notamment les domaines… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Iso 3166-1 — est une des parties de la norme ISO 3166. Publiée pour la première fois en 1974 par l’ISO, elle attribue 3 codes pour les pays du monde : ISO 3166 1 alpha 2 codes à deux lettres pour de nombreuses applications, notamment les domaines de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ISO 3166-1 — como parte del estándar ISO 3166 proporciona códigos para los nombres de países y otras dependencias administrativas. Fue publicado por primera vez en 1974 por la Organización Internacional para la Estandarización (ISO, de la raíz griega que… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ISO 3166-1 — ISO 3166 1  часть стандарта ISO 3166, содержащая коды названий стран и подчинённых территорий. Впервые опубликована в 1974 году. Определяет три разных кода для каждой страны: ISO 3166 1 alpha 2 (англ.)русск., двухбуквенная система …   Википедия

  • ISO 3166-1 — ISO 3166 1, as part of the ISO 3166 standard, provides codes for the names of countries and dependent territories, and is published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The official name of the standard is Codes for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Iso 3166-2 — La norme ISO 3166 2 (seconde partie de la norme ISO 3166), édictée par l Organisation internationale de normalisation, permet de désigner les principales subdivisions administratives d un pays par un code en quelques chiffres et/ou lettres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ISO 3166 — ISO 3166  международный стандарт ISO, определяющий кодовые обозначения государств и зависимых территорий, а также основных административных образований внутри государств. Состоит из следующих частей: ISO 3166 1  коды государств и… …   Википедия

  • ISO 3166-3 — defines codes for outdated ISO 3166 1 country codes and is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of… …   Wikipedia

  • Iso 3166-2:fr — ISO 3166 2 – Données pour la France. Pour des codes complémentaires (code Insee et Eurostat/NUTS), voir également l’article : codes géographiques de la France) Sommaire 1 Mise à jour 2 Régions métropolitaines (22) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Iso 3166-2:cs — ISO 3166 2 données obsolètes pour la Serbie et Monténégro, devenue ensuite Serbie et Monténégro. Source de la liste : BET 1997 Source des codes : Savezni Zavod za Standardizaciju (SZS), 1998 10 08, et secrétatiat ISO/TC 46/WG 2 ;… …   Wikipédia en Français

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