Östergötland

Östergötland
Östergötland

Flag

Coat of arms
Country Sweden
Land Götaland
Counties Östergötland County
Örebro County
Area
 – Total 3,856 km2 (1,488.8 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 – Total 424,333
 – Density 110/km2 (285/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 – Languages Östgötska
Götamål
Culture
 – Flower Cornflower
 – Animal
 – Bird Mute swan
 – Fish Pike
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal codes

Östergötland, English exonym: East Gothland,[2] is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (landskap in Swedish) in the south of Sweden. It borders Småland, Västergötland, Närke, Södermanland, and the Baltic Sea. In older English literature, one might also encounter the Latinized version, Ostrogothia. The corresponding administrative county, Östergötland County covers the entire province and parts of neighbouring provinces.

Contents

Heraldry

From 1560, Östergötland was represented with two separate coat-of-arms seals until 1884, when the current one was granted. The coat of arms is represented with a dukal coronet. Blazon: "Gules a Griffin with Dragon Wings, Tail and Tongue rampant Or armed, beaked, langued and membered Azure between four Roses Argent."

Geography

Typical Östgöta plains

From west to east, in the middle parts, extends the Östgöta Plain (Östgöta-slätten). It is largely agricultural. In the southern part of the province, the terrain becomes marked by the south-Swedish highlands, with hills and countless lakes. The northern parts are also hilly, and are otherwise dominated by forests.

Outside the eastern shore of Östergötland lies an archipelago, the islands and islets of which cover an area of 118 square kilometres (46 sq mi). The Bråviken bay continues further into the country. Some of the more notable islands are Korsö, Gränsö, Arkö, Djursö, Yxnö, Finnö, Emtö, Fångö and Stora Ålö.

Traditionally, the region is divided into two halves, east and west of the river Stångån (Östanstång and Västanstång respectively), which flows from the south into Lake Roxen at Linköping.

The eastern part of Göta Canal traverses the province from the Baltic Sea at Mem to Lake Vättern at Motala.

  • Highest mountain: Stenabohöjden, 327 meters (1,073 ft)
  • Largest lake: Vättern (second-largest lake of Sweden)

Towns

The Palace in Finspång

Cities and the year of their now defunct royal charter.

Today, the largest city in the province is Linköping, with Norrköping second. Skänninge is one of the oldest areas but small; Vadstena is also small. Additional towns without a royal charter that have emerged in the 20th century are Finspång and Åtvidaberg.

History

The church tower at Bjälbo.

The earliest mention of Östergötland (the Ostrogoths of Scandza) appears in the Getica by the Goth scholar Jordanes.

The traditions of Östergötland date back into the Viking age, the undocumented Iron Age, and earlier, when this region had its own laws and kings (see Geatish kings and Wulfings). It is said that the famous Viking warrior Beowulf may likely have been from what is now the Östergötland region. The region kept its own laws, the Östgötalagen, into the Middle Ages. Östergötland belonged to the Christian heartland of late Iron Age and early medieval Sweden. The Sverker and Bjälbo dynasties played pivotal roles in the consolidation of Sweden.

The province has about 50,000 ancient remains of different kinds. Some 1,749 are, for instance, grave fields.

Industry was formerly most significant in the cities of Norrköping (industries include Ericsson), Linköping (where SAAB has aircraft factories where the Gripen fighter is produced), Finspång (metal works), and Motala (mechanical industries).

Culture

Local accents

Formerly the östgöta [øɧːøta] or [øɧœːta] dialect spectrum were considered true göta dialects, but is nowadays considered being a transition area between true göta dialects and svea dialects. The dialects are still used in rural areas, but in the cities, the Standard Swedish is spoken with a certain östgöta accent. The accent Östgötska [øɧːøtska] can be distinguished from Standard Swedish just by accent and pronunciation of vowels ad sje- and the- sounds, which makes Östgöta accent an eastern variety of the Götaland accent. In some parts bordering to Södermanland, a variety of the Svealand accent is spoken.

Sights

The Provincial Museum in Linköping

In Östergötland several older churches are still standing and many castles and palaces are open to the public. Ekenäs Castle, one of the best preserved renaissance castles in Sweden, has belonged to the families Sture and Banér. Löfstad Castle has its origin in the early 17th century, having belonged to the von Fersen family. Vadstena Castle, built by the Royal Vasa dynasty 1545–620, is a combined fortress and renaissance castle.

Vreta Abbey was the first convent to be established in Sweden, dating from the early 12th century, while Vadstena Abbey was the dominant convent in Medieval Sweden. Notable is also the ruins of the Alvastra Abbey near mountain Omberg and Lake Tåkern.

The cathedral in Linköping is the second largest church in Sweden and is very well-preserved from the Middle Age.

The Göta Canal crosses the province East-West with several locks and the Kinda Canal connects the lakes in the southern parts of the province with the central plains.

Övralid Manor was the last home of Nobel Prize laureate Verner von Heidenstam 1925–40.

There are several museums in all parts of the province, for example the Swedish Broadcasting Museum, Swedish Air Force Museum, Sancta Birgitta Convent Museum, Museum of Work and the Motala Motor Museum.

The Rök Runestone is one of the most famous runestones, featuring the longest known runic inscription in stone. It can now be seen by the church in Rök (between Mjölby and Ödeshög, close to the E4 and Lake Vättern). It is considered the first piece of written Swedish literature and thus it marks the beginning of the history of Swedish literature.

Ekenäs slott.jpg
Winter scene at Ekenäs Castle
Industrilandskapet Norrköping april 2005 2.jpg
Former Industrial landscape in Norrköping
Ovralid vattern.jpg
Övralid Manor, with view over  Lake Vättern
Söderköpings sluss, Göta kanal, juli 2005.jpg
The Göta Canal at Söderköping
Tidersrums kyrka.jpg
Tidersrum Church, the oldest wooden church in Sweden
Vadstena castle Vadstena Sweden.JPG
Vadstena Castle in Vadstena
Lkpgdomkyrka-ne.jpg
The Cathedral in Linköping
Vreta kloster Church view.jpg
Vreta Abbey from the early 12th century

Hundreds

The Hundreds of Sweden were jurisdictional divisions in effect until the early 20th century.

  • Aska
  • Bankekind
  • Boberg
  • Bråbo
  • Dal
  • Finspång Fief
  • Gullberg
  • Göstring
  • Hammarkind
  • Hanekind
  • Kinda (formerly part of Småland)
  • Lysinge
  • Memming
  • Northern Tjust
  • Northern Vedbo
  • Skärkind
  • Valkebo
  • Vifolka
  • Ydre (formerly part of Småland)
  • Åkerbo
  • Östkind

Sports

Football in the province is administered by Östergötlands Fotbollförbund.

See also

References

  1. ^ Statistics Sweden
  2. ^ Eric Linklater in The Life of Charles XII pp. 53-54 & throughout
  • Nordisk Familjebok, see below

External links

Coordinates: 58°25′N 15°45′E / 58.417°N 15.75°E / 58.417; 15.75


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Östergötland — Östergötland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ostergotland — Östergötland Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gothie. Östergötland …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Östergötland — Östergötland, Landschaft, s. Ostgotland …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Östergötland — Östergötland, Linköping, Provinz und Län im südl. Schweden zwischen Ostsee und Wettersee, 11.046 qkm, (1904) 286.267 E.; 61 Proz. des Bodens Waldungen; Metall und Textilindustrie; Hauptstadt Linköping …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Østergøtland — er et svensk landskab mellem Vättern og Østersøen. Landskabet er på cirka 9.980 kvadratkilometer …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Östergötland — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gothie. Östergötland Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Östergötland — Ọ̈stergötland   [ jøːtland], historische Provinz im östlichen Mittelschweden, mit dem heutigen Verwaltungsgebiet (Län) Östergötland identisch, zwischen dem Vättersee und der Ostsee, 10 562 km2, 416 400 Einwohner; Hauptstadt ist Linköping.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Östergötland — ▪ county, Sweden       län (county) of southeastern Sweden, between Vättern (lake) and the Baltic Sea. It consists of the landskap (province) of Östergötland and a small part of that of Södermanland. Lakes dot the countryside, which is drained by …   Universalium

  • Östergötland — Sp Esterjòtlandas Ap Östergötland L P Švedijos lenas …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Östergötland — Es uno de los 21 condados que conforman Suecia. Cuenta con un comité administrativo de o länsstyrelse, el cual es nombrado por el gobierno. También posee un concejo o landsting, el cual es la representación municipal nombrada por el electorado… …   Enciclopedia Universal


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.