Diet
Diet Di"et, n. [F. di[`e]te, LL. dieta, diaeta, an assembly, a day's journey; the same word as diet course of living, but with the sense changed by L. dies day: cf. G. tag day, and {Reichstag}.] A legislative or administrative assembly in Germany, Poland, and some other countries of Europe; a deliberative convention; a council; as, the Diet of Worms, held in 1521. Specifically: Any of various national or local assemblies; as, (a) Occasionally, the Reichstag of the German Empire, Reichsrath of the Austrian Empire, the federal legislature of Switzerland, etc. (b) The legislature of Denmark, Sweden, Japan, or Hungary. (c) The state assembly or any of various local assemblies in the states of the German Empire, as the legislature (Landtag) of the kingdom of Prussia, and the Diet of the Circle (Kreistag) in its local government. (d) The local legislature (Landtag) of an Austrian province. (e) The federative assembly of the old Germanic Confederation (1815 -- 66). (f) In the old German or Holy Roman Empire, the great formal assembly of counselors (the Imperial Diet or Reichstag) or a small, local, or informal assembly of a similar kind (the Court Diet, or Hoftag).

Note: The most celebrated Imperial Diets are the three following, all held under Charles V.:

{Diet of Worms}, 1521, the object of which was to check the Reformation and which condemned Luther as a heretic;

{Diet of Spires}, or {Diet of Speyer}, 1529, which had the same object and issued an edict against the further dissemination of the new doctrines, against which edict Lutheran princes and deputies protested (hence Protestants):

{Diet of Augsburg}, 1530, the object of which was the settlement of religious disputes, and at which the Augsburg Confession was presented but was denounced by the emperor, who put its adherents under the imperial ban. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DIET — logo Developer(s) INRIA, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, SysFera, CNRS, Claude Bernard University Lyon 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Diet — Diet, in relation to food, might mean: Diet (nutrition), the sum of the food consumed by an organism or group Dieting, the deliberate selection of food to control body weight or nutrient intake Diet food, foods that aid in dieting Cuisine, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Diet — Di et, n. [F. di[ e]te, L. diaeta, fr. Gr. ? manner of living.] 1. Course of living or nourishment; what is eaten and drunk habitually; food; victuals; fare. No inconvenient diet. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. A course of food selected with reference …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Diet — Di et, v. i. 1. To eat; to take one s meals. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Let him . . . diet in such places, where there is good company of the nation, where he traveleth. Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2. To eat according to prescribed rules; to ear sparingly;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • diet — [n1] abstinence from food dietary, fast, nutritional therapy, regime, regimen, restriction, starvation, weight reduction plan; concept 660 Ant. indulgence diet [n2] daily intake of food aliment, bite, comestibles, commons, daily bread, edibles,… …   New thesaurus

  • diet — Ⅰ. diet [1] ► NOUN 1) the kinds of food that a person, animal, or community habitually eats. 2) a restricted regime of eating, followed in order to lose weight or for medical reasons. 3) (before another noun ) (of food or drink) with reduced fat… …   English terms dictionary

  • diet — diet1 [dī′ət] n. [ME diete < OFr < ML dieta, diet, daily food allowance (meaning infl. by DIET2) < L diaeta < Gr diaita, way of life, regimen < dia , through + root of aisa, fate < IE * aito , share < base * ai , to give,… …   English World dictionary

  • Diet — Di et, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Dieted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Dieting}.] 1. To cause to take food; to feed. [R.] Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To cause to eat and drink sparingly, or by prescribed rules; to regulate medicinally the food of. [1913 Webster] She… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • diet — index session Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Diet — Nom surtout porté en Lozère, rencontré aussi en Charente Maritime et en Loire Atantique. C est une forme contractée du prénom Déodat (latin Deodatus = donné à Dieu). Rencontré aussi parfois dans l Est, c est un hypocoristique de Dieter (voir ce… …   Noms de famille

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”