Against
Against A*gainst" (?; 277), prep. [OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn. The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See {Again}.] 1. Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth of a river; -- in this sense often preceded by over. [1913 Webster]

Jacob saw the angels of God come against him. --Tyndale. [1913 Webster]

2. From an opposite direction so as to strike or come in contact with; in contact with; upon; as, hail beats against the roof. [1913 Webster]

3. In opposition to, whether the opposition is of sentiment or of action; on the other side; counter to; in contrariety to; hence, adverse to; as, against reason; against law; to run a race against time. [1913 Webster]

The gate would have been shut against her. --Fielding. [1913 Webster]

An argument against the use of steam. --Tyndale. [1913 Webster]

4. By of before the time that; in preparation for; so as to be ready for the time when. [Archaic or Dial.] [1913 Webster]

Urijah the priest made it, against King Ahaz came from Damascus. --2 Kings xvi. 11. [1913 Webster]

{Against the sun}, in a direction contrary to that in which the sun appears to move. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • against — [ə genst′; ] also, esp. Cdn & Brit [, əgānst′] prep. [ME ayeynst, opposite to, facing < OE ongegn, ongean (see AGAIN), with adv. gen. es + unhistoric t] 1. a) in opposition to or competition with [a fight against evil] b) contrary to [against… …   English World dictionary

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  • against — ► PREPOSITION 1) in opposition to. 2) to the disadvantage of. 3) in resistance to. 4) in anticipation of and preparation for (a difficulty). 5) in relation to (money owed, due, or lent) so as to reduce, cancel, or secure it. 6) in or into contact …   English terms dictionary

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