Category Cat"e*go*ry, n.; pl. {Categories}. [L. categoria, Gr. ?, fr. ? to accuse, affirm, predicate; ? down, against + ? to harrangue, assert, fr. ? assembly.] 1. (Logic.) One of the highest classes to which the objects of knowledge or thought can be reduced, and by which they can be arranged in a system; an ultimate or undecomposable conception; a predicament. [1913 Webster]

The categories or predicaments -- the former a Greek word, the latter its literal translation in the Latin language -- were intended by Aristotle and his followers as an enumeration of all things capable of being named; an enumeration by the summa genera i.e., the most extensive classes into which things could be distributed. --J. S. Mill. [1913 Webster]

2. Class; also, state, condition, or predicament; as, we are both in the same category. [1913 Webster]

There is in modern literature a whole class of writers standing within the same category. --De Quincey. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Categories (Aristotle) — Categories (Lat. Categoriae , Greek Κατηγορίαι Katēgoriai ) is a text from Aristotle s Organon that enumerates all the possible kinds of thing which can be the subject or the predicate of a proposition.The Categories places every object of human… …   Wikipedia

  • Categories (game) — Categories is a word game in which players think of words that begin with specified letters and belong to specified semantic categories. For instance, given the letters in Sargon and the category U.S. states , one can list: *South Carolina… …   Wikipedia

  • Categories for the Working Mathematician — is a textbook in category theory written by American mathematician Saunders Mac Lane, who cofounded the subject together with Samuel Eilenberg. It was first published in 1971, and is based on his lectures on the subject given at the University of …   Wikipedia

  • Categories (Peirce) — On May 14, 1867, the 27 year old Charles Sanders Peirce, who eventually founded Pragmatism, presented a paper entitled On a New List of Categories to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Among other things, this paper outlined a theory of… …   Wikipedia

  • Categories (Stoic) — The term Stoic Categories refers to Stoic ideas regarding Categories: the most fundamental classes of being for all things. The Stoics believed there were four categories (substance, quality, disposition, relative dispostion) which were the… …   Wikipedia

  • Categories of manifolds — In mathematics, specifically geometry and topology, there are many different notions of manifold, with more or less structure, and corresponding notions of map between manifolds , each of which yields a different category and its own… …   Wikipedia

  • Categories of the understanding — The categories of the understanding are used in Immanuel Kant s philosophy. Categories are a priori features of our mind that permit our sensible apprehension and ordering of representations of objects. The categories include substance, quantity …   Wikipedia

  • Categories of New Testament manuscripts — New Testament manuscripts are categorized into five groups. [Aland:106f,332 337.] This categorization scheme was introduced in 1981 by Kurt and Barbara Aland in Der Text des Neuen Testaments . The categories are based on how each manuscript… …   Wikipedia

  • Categories of rallies — Rallying makes up the majority of the grassroots of amateur motorsport, especially in the UK. Motor Clubs will usually run one or more rallies each year. Joining your local motorclub and getting involved in the various activities is the best way… …   Wikipedia

  • categories of data — Data derived from open sources or from detectable actions that adversaries can piece together or interpret to reach personal conclusions or official estimates concerning friendly intentions, capabilities, or activities. (Note: In operations… …   Military dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”