Category Cat"e*go*ry, n.; pl. {Categories}. [L. categoria, Gr. ?, fr. ? to accuse, affirm, predicate; ? down, against + ? to harrangue, assert, fr. ? assembly.] 1. (Logic.) One of the highest classes to which the objects of knowledge or thought can be reduced, and by which they can be arranged in a system; an ultimate or undecomposable conception; a predicament. [1913 Webster]

The categories or predicaments -- the former a Greek word, the latter its literal translation in the Latin language -- were intended by Aristotle and his followers as an enumeration of all things capable of being named; an enumeration by the summa genera i.e., the most extensive classes into which things could be distributed. --J. S. Mill. [1913 Webster]

2. Class; also, state, condition, or predicament; as, we are both in the same category. [1913 Webster]

There is in modern literature a whole class of writers standing within the same category. --De Quincey. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Category — may refer to: *Category (philosophy) *taxonomic category Taxonomic rank *Category (grammar) *Category (mathematics) * Categories (Aristotle) *Category (Kant) *Categories (Stoic) *Categories (game), a game involving naming categories of things… …   Wikipedia

  • Category — • The term was transferred by Aristotle from its forensic meaning (procedure in legal accusation) to its logical use as attribution of a subject Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Category     Category …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • category — UK US /ˈkætəgəri/ noun [C] ► a group of people or things that have similar features: a category of sth »The use of the four categories of customer is to ensure that marketing messages are effective. »Four of the six job categories that gained the …   Financial and business terms

  • category — (n.) 1580s, from M.Fr. catégorie, from L.L. categoria, from Gk. kategoria, from kategorein to speak against; to accuse, assert, predicate, from kata down to (or perhaps against; see CATA (Cf. cata )) + agoreuein to declaim (in the assembly), from …   Etymology dictionary

  • category — index class, classification, denomination, department, diagnosis, division (administrative unit), kind …   Law dictionary

  • category — *class, genus, species, denomination, genre Analogous words: division, section, *part: classification (see corresponding verb at ASSORT) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • category — [n] classification, type class, department, division, grade, group, grouping, head, heading, kind, league, level, list, order, pigeonhole*, rank, section, sort, tier; concept 378 …   New thesaurus

  • category — ► NOUN (pl. categories) ▪ a class or division of people or things having shared characteristics. ORIGIN Greek kat goria statement, accusation …   English terms dictionary

  • category — [kat′ə gôr΄ē] n. pl. categories [LL categoria < Gr katēgoria < katēgorein, to accuse, assert, predicate < kata , down, against + agoreuein, to declaim, address an assembly < agora, AGORA1] 1. a class or division in a scheme of… …   English World dictionary

  • category — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ broad, general, large ▪ narrow ▪ basic ▪ individual, one, single …   Collocations dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”