Oxidize
Oxidize Ox"i*dize ([o^]ks"[i^]*d[imac]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Oxidized} ([o^]ks"[i^]*d[imac]zd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Oxidizing}.] (Chem.) To combine with oxygen, or subject to the action of oxygen, or of an oxidizing agent. Specifically: (a) To combine with oxygen or with more oxygen; to add oxygen to; as, to oxidize nitrous acid so as to form nitric acid. (b) To remove hydrogen from (anything), as by the action of oxygen; as, to oxidize alcohol so as to form aldehyde. (c) To subject to the action of oxygen or of an oxidizing agent, so as to bring to a higher grade, as an -ous compound to an -ic compound; as, to oxidize mercurous chloride to mercuric chloride. [1913 Webster]

Note: In certain cases to oxidize is identical with to acidify; for, in nearly all cases, the more oxygen a substance contains the more nearly does it approximate to acid qualities; thus, by oxidation many elements, as sulphur, nitrogen, carbon, chromium, manganese, etc., pass into compounds which are acid anhydrides, and thus practically in the acid state. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • oxidize — (v.) 1802 (implied in oxidizable), from OXIDE (Cf. oxide) + IZE (Cf. ize). Related: Oxidized; oxidizing …   Etymology dictionary

  • oxidize — (Amer.) ox·i·dize || É‘sɪdaɪz / É’k v. add oxygen to, unite with oxygen (e.g. burn); be united with oxygen; rust, corrode (also oxidise) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • oxidize — (also oxidise) ► VERB 1) cause to combine with oxygen. 2) Chemistry cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are lost to another substance or molecule. The opposite of REDUCE(Cf. ↑reducible). DERIVATIVES oxidization noun oxidizer noun …   English terms dictionary

  • oxidize — [äk′si dīz΄] vt. oxidized, oxidizing [ OXIDE + IZE] 1. to unite with oxygen, as in burning or rusting 2. to increase the positive valence or decrease the negative valence of (an element or ion) 3. to remove electrons from (an atom or ion) vi. to… …   English World dictionary

  • oxidize — UK [ˈɒksɪdaɪz] / US [ˈɑksɪˌdaɪz] verb [intransitive/transitive] Word forms oxidize : present tense I/you/we/they oxidize he/she/it oxidizes present participle oxidizing past tense oxidized past participle oxidized chemistry if a substance… …   English dictionary

  • oxidize — oksiduoti statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Dengti oksidais. atitikmenys: angl. oxidate; oxidize rus. окислять; оксидировать …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • oxidize — oksiduoti statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Jungti su deguonimi, atimti elektronus. atitikmenys: angl. oxidate; oxidize rus. окислять; оксидировать …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • oxidize — verb ( dized; dizing) Date: 1806 transitive verb 1. to combine with oxygen 2. to dehydrogenate especially by the action of oxygen 3. to change (a compound) by increasing the proportion of the electronegative part or change (an element or ion)… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • oxidize — oxidizable, oxidable /ok si deuh beuhl/, adj. oxidizability, n. /ok si duyz /, v., oxidized, oxidizing. Chem. v.t. 1. to convert (an element) into an oxide; combine with oxygen. 2. to cover with a coating of oxide or rust. 3. to take away… …   Universalium

  • oxidize — verb a) To combine with oxygen or otherwise make an oxide. b) To increase the valence (or the positive charge) of an element by removing electrons …   Wiktionary

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