Mercaptan
Mercaptan Mer*cap"tan, n. [F., fr. NL. mercurius mercury + L. captans, p. pr. of captare to seize, v. intens. fr. capere.] (Chem.) Any one of series of compounds having an {-SH} radical attached to a carbon atom, also considered as hydrosulphides of alcohol radicals, in composition resembling the alcohols, but containing sulphur in place of oxygen, and hence called also the {sulphur alcohols}. In general, they are colorless liquids having a strong, repulsive, garlic odor. The name is specifically applied to ethyl mercaptan, {C2H5SH}. So called from its avidity for mercury, and other metals. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • mercaptan — MERCAPTÁN, mercaptani, s.m. Derivat organic al hidrogenului sulfurat, cu miros neplăcut, folosit în odorizarea (odoriza) gazelor combustibile spre a semnala pierderile accidentale de gaz; tiol. – Din fr. mercaptan. Trimis de LauraGellner,… …   Dicționar Român

  • mercaptan — [ mɛrkaptɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1845; en all. 1834; du lat. mercurium captans « qui capte le mercure » ♦ Chim. Thioalcool. Le pétrole contient des mercaptans (⇒ adoucissement) . ● mercaptan nom masculin (de mercure et capter) Nom générique des composés… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mercaptan — [mər kap′tan΄] n. [Ger, contr. < ML mercurium captans, lit., seizing mercury < L mercurius, mercury (see MERCURY, n.) + captans, prp. of captare, to seize, freq. of capere: see HAVE] any of a class of thiol compounds analogous to the… …   English World dictionary

  • Mercaptan — Thiol Structure chimique générale du groupe fonctionnel thiol. Un thiol (auparavant nommé mercaptan du latin mercurius captans « qui capte le mercure ») est un composé organique comportant un groupement thiol SH (groupement sulfhydryle) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mercaptan — Mer|cap|tan 〈n. 11〉 = Thiol * * * Mer|cap|tan [↑ Mercapt ], das; s, e: veraltete Bez. für ↑ Thiol, u. dementspr. ersetzt thiol auch das Suffix mercaptan …   Universal-Lexikon

  • mercaptan — /mɜˈkæptən/ (say mer kaptuhn) noun any of a class of sulphur containing compounds, with the type formula RSH, the low boiling members of which have an extremely offensive smell, especially ethyl mercaptan, C2H5SH, a colourless liquid, with an… …   Australian English dictionary

  • mercaptan — tiolis statusas T sritis chemija formulė RSH atitikmenys: angl. mercaptan; thioalcohol; thiol rus. меркаптан; тиол; тиоспирт ryšiai: sinonimas – tioalkoholis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • mercaptan — noun Etymology: German, from Danish, from Medieval Latin mercurium captans, literally, seizing mercury Date: 1835 thiol 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mercaptan — Allgemeine Struktur von Thiolen Alkanthiole (kurz als Thiole bezeichnet) sind organische Verbindungen, die eine oder mehrere Thiolgruppen (SH Gruppen) als funktionelle Gruppen tragen. Alkanthiole entsprechen Alkoholen, deren Sauerstoffatom durch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mercaptan — /meuhr kap tan/, n. Chem. any of a class of sulfur containing compounds having the type formula RSH, in which R represents a radical, and having an extremely offensive, garlicky odor. [1825 35; < L, short for phrase corpus mercurium captans body… …   Universalium

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