Thénia

Thénia

Infobox City
official_name = Thénia
nickname=




image_



mapsize =
map_caption =
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =bottom
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name = Algeria
subdivision_name1 = Boumerdès
leader_title =
leader_name =
area_magnitude =
area_total =
area_land =
area_water =
population_as_of = 1998
population_note =
population_total =19,078
population_footnotes = [ [http://www.statoids.com/ydz.html Statoids] ]
population_metro =
population_density =
timezone = West Africa Time
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST =
utc_offset_DST =
latd=36|latm=43|lats=40|latNS=N
longd=3|longm=33|longs=14|longEW=E
elevation_m=301
website =
footnotes =

Thénia (sometimes incorrectly written as "Thenia"), with around 40,000 inhabitants, is the chief town in the daïra of the same name, in the wilaya of Boumerdès, in Kabylie in northern Algeria. The name derives from the Berber phrase "Tizi n At Aycha" (via the Arabic, "Theniet Beni Aicha"), which means "the mountain pass of the Aycha tribe" -- the prefix "At" means "tribe" in Berber. The steep-sided pass, which is only about 800 metres wide at its narrowest point, marks the transition between the Mitidja and the Grande Kabylie [cite book |author=British Naval Intelligence Division|title=Algeria (vol. II), B. R. 505 A (Restricted), Geographical Handbook Series|date=May 1944] .

During the French occupation, the town was renamed Ménerville, after Charles-Louis Pinson de Ménerville (1808-1876), the first president of the court of appeals in Algiers [cite news |url=http://www.geneawiki.com/index.php/Alg%C3%A9rie_-_M%C3%A9nerville|title=Algérie - Ménerville] . It resumed the name of Thénia a few years after independence in 1962.

Thénia is located on the main road from Algiers to Constantine, about forty kilometres east of Algiers, about ten kilometres inland from the coast, at an altitude of 300 metres -- an excerpt from the 1962 Michelin map of Algeria showing the location can be seen [http://www.geneawiki.com/index.php/
] . Between the town and the coast, the scrub-covered Djebel bou Arous rises to a height of around 400 metres and then falls more gently to the coast. South and east is the valley of the Oued Isser, whose sides rise to around 600 metres and are deeply incised by streams; in many places the slopes are covered with vineyards and olive-groves.

In 1944, the town had 2,656 inhabitants, of which the majority, 1,929, were European pieds noirs while the commune or district had 12,755, of which 2,640 were pieds noirs [cite book |author=British Naval Intelligence Division|title=Algeria (vol. II), B. R. 505 A (Restricted), Geographical Handbook Series|date=May 1944] .

At least four people were killed and around twenty injured by a car bomb outside a police station in the town on 29 January 2008 [cite news |url=http://www.elwatan.com/spip.php?page=article&id_article=86699|date=2008-02-09|author=Mustapha Benfodil|work=El Watan|title=Thénia, dellys et naciria : dans l’épicentre de la terreur] .

References


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