- Avenue Road
Avenue Road is a major north-south street in
Toronto, Ontario. The road is a continuation of University Avenue, linked to it via Queen's Park and Queen's Park Circle East and West to form a single through route"Toronto Pocket Street Atlas", MapArt Publishing, 2000] which was formerly Highway 11A.
Avenue Road, the western limit of the former town of Yorkville, officially begins at
Bloor Streetand ends just north of Highway 401. At its southern terminus, it runs between two of Toronto's major hotels, the Park Hyatt (on the northwest corner of Bloor and Avenue Road) and the Four Seasons Hotel. On the northeast corner of the intersection with Bloor is the Church of the Redeemer. For much of its length the road is fairly residential, with a mix of small businesses, as well as a few large schools and churches. A notable site along this "lower section" is the Hare Krishna Temple, formerly the Avenue Road Church, opposite Dupont Street and across the street from the Anglican Church of The Messiah. Just north of St. Clair Avenue, Avenue Road is interrupted by Upper Canada College, ending at Lonsdale Road and resuming again at Kilbarry Road. The primary traffic route runs east of the school, following widened sections of Lonsdale Road and Oriole Parkway and returning to Avenue Road via Oxton Avenue. (The short section of Avenue Road from Kilbarry to Oxton is an ordinary two-lane side street.).
Eglinton Avenue, the former St. James-Bond Church once stood. This building, which used to house two prime downtown congregations – St. James Square (formerly Presbyterian), and Bond Street (formerly Congregationalist) – was built in the late 1920s, and closed in June 2005. It has since been demolished. Near Lawrence Avenueis Havergal College, a large private girls' school. Although in the former city of North York, much of the area considers itself part of North Toronto.
Avenue Road ends at Bombay Avenue, just after crossing Highway 401 (exit 367). Originally, Avenue Road continued from what is now the interchange by angling northeast via the
Hogg's Hollow Bridge(across the Don River West Branch) to end at Yonge Street; this section of the road was incorporated into Highway 401 when it was constructed in the 1950s. Streetcar tracks were originally laid from Bloor Street to St. Clair Avenue West for the Dupont and Bay streetcar routes, but were abandoned when the University subway opened in 1963.
A few miles north of Toronto's Avenue Road, there is a separate Avenue Road in Richmond Hill, running almost due north of the Toronto one.
Its name is considered unusual and contradictory-sounding by some Torontonians;
Robert Fulfordonce wrote that it "sounded like an identity crisis with pavement."Robert Fulford. "Accidental City: The Transformation of Toronto".] There is a joke about how Avenue Road got its name. According to local legend, Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoewas surveying the old town of York and came to a spot on Bloor Street and pointed north. He said (in an English accent), "Let's 'av a new road!"
However, Avenue Road is a common street name elsewhere, notably
London, where at least 40 streets bear this name."Collins Street Atlas: M25 London Master", Collins, 2001] The word "Avenue" in British-English means a row of trees, hence Avenue Road meaning a street lined with trees. In Canadian-English Avenue is synonymous with street, and does not necessarily connote treesFact|date=June 2008.
Public transit along Avenue Road is provided by the
Toronto Transit Commission, on three different bus routes. The two main full-service routes are the 5 Avenue Road, and the 61 Avenue Road North, which provide service south and north of Eglinton Avenuerespectively. The former originates from Eglinton station and takes commuters into downtown, and the latter originates from a bus loop at the northern end (Bombay Avenue) and feeds into Eglinton station. There is also an express route, 142 Avenue Road Express, which runs the length of the road, for a direct ride into downtown and the Financial District. It runs during rush hours only.
* [http://maps.google.ca/maps?f=d&hl=en&geocode=&saddr=Bloor+St+W+%26+Avenue+Rd+Toronto,+ON&daddr=Avenue+Rd+%26+Bideford+Ave+North+York,+ON&mrcr=0&mra=pe&sll=43.70614,-79.40945&sspn=0.104238,0.233459&ie=UTF8&z=12&om=1 Avenue Road] at
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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