infobox UK place
region=East of England
Eltisley is a village and
civil parishin South Cambridgeshire, England, on the A428 roadabout 5.5 miles (9 km) east of St Neotsand about 11 miles (18 km) west of the city of Cambridge. The population in 2001 was 421 people.
"In Longstow Hundred. The Canons of Bayeux hold 3 hides in Eltisley. Land for 9 ploughs. In lordship 1½ hides; 3 ploughs there; 6 villagers with 10 smallholders have 6 ploughs. 5 cottagers; 6 slaves. Meadow for 3 ploughs; woodland, 20 pigs. The total value is and always was £13. Earl Algar held this manor"."fact|date=August 2008
Eltisley has a large
village greenwhich was the junction of two ancient roads running from Cambridgeto St Neotsand from St Ives to Potton. The church stands immediately west of the green and several buildings from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries stand along its edge, suggesting that the green has been at the centre of the village for a long time. In 1868 it was earmarked for parishioners' recreation and exercise and cricketis played there in summer. Eltisley Cricket Club was established in 1854 and a thatched pavilion stands on the village green. [ [http://eltisleycc.googlepages.com/clubhistory Eltisley Cricket Club] ]
Until 1868, when it was turned into
allotments, another green was sited to the east and in 1456, villagers were distinguished as living in either 'le Estende' or 'le Upende'; it appears that there have been at least two centres to the village since medieval times. [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=66673 'Parishes: Eltisley', A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 5 (1973), pp. 46-59. Date accessed: 09 August 2008.] ]
The parish's population doubled between 1801 and 1871, possibly because of its good road links. In addition to the St Neots-Cambridge and St Ives-Potton roads, the lane towards Caxton may also have been important. After 1871, the population began to decline; in 1961, only 253 people lived in Eltisley parish.
World War II, several babies were born in Mill House on The Green in Eltisley; the local nurse-midwife, Mrs. Rose, having taken in pregnant mothers for their confinements.fact|date=August 2008 In 2000, the Eltisley Historical Society published "The Eltisley Millennium Book", which records the history of the village and the village as it was in the year 2000. [ [http://www.lhi.org.uk/projects_directory/projects_by_region/east_of_england/cambridgeshire/eltisley_history_awareness_initiative/index.html Local Heritage Initiative: Eltisley] ]
Eltisley has a Parish Council. [ [http://www.6villages.co.uk/eltisley 6villages.co.uk: Eltisley] ] The parish is represented on the South Cambridgeshire District Council by three councillors for the
Bournward [ [http://www.scambs.gov.uk/CouncilAndDemocracy/Elections/newwards.htm South Cambridgeshire District Council: Electoral wards] ] and on Cambridgeshire County Councilby one councillor for the Gamlingay electoral division. [ [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2008/uksi_20080177_en_1 Office of Public Sector Information: The South Cambridgeshire (Electoral Changes) Order 2008] ] It is in the parliamentary constituencyof South Cambridgeshire, represented at the House of Commons by Andrew Lansley. [ [http://findyourmp.parliament.uk/commons/l/ UK Parliament: Find your MP] ]
Eltisley village is on the western edge of the parish, south of the
A428 road'Cambridge Road' west of its junction with the A1198. The county town of Cambridgeis 11 miles (18 km) to the east and the nearest town, St Neots, is 5.5 miles (9 km) west. Londonis 50 miles (80 km) south. Croxton is the next village west and Cambournelies to the east. Papworth Everardis to the north along the B1040 and Waresleyto the south.
The parish is largely flat and ranges from 47 to 65 metres above sea level. [http://www.getamap.co.uk Ordnance Survey: Getamap] ] The soil is a heavy clay on
gaultwhich, coupled with the terrain, made drainage difficult. Eastern Brook flows towards Caxton and is a tributary of the Bourn Brook. Eltisley Wood had reached its modern state by the early 19th century; a small wood at Papley Grove, in the north of the parish, is presumably what is left of the woodland that belonged to the prioressof Hinchingbrooke.
At the time of the 2001 census, 421 people were resident in Eltisley parish. All were white; 75.7% described themselves as
Christian, 0.7% followed another religion and 23.6% were not religious or did not state a religion. [http://www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/B001858E-5D99-4C8E-8BA2-59F00035C3CA/0/Eltisley.pdf Cambridgeshire County Council: Parish Census 2001 profile] ]
Two plaques in the churchyard's
lych gatecommemorate Eltisley men who were killed in the First and Second World Wars. [ [http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Cambridgeshire/Eltisley.html Roll of Honour: Eltisley] ]
Some 17 buildings in Eltisley are listed, including a
red telephone box, [ [http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/details/default.aspx?id=350360 Images of England: Telephone Kiosk] ] a village pump[ [http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/details/default.aspx?id=51150 Images of England: Village pump] ] and a mile stoneon the St Ives road. [ [http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/details/default.aspx?id=51166 Images of England: Milestone] ]
By around 1230, Eltisley parish church was dedicated to
St Pandionia(or Pandwyna), who was said to have been a nun in the parish in the 10th century. Robert Palmer, vicar in 1575, destroyed a well in the churchyard where St Pandionia's body was meant to have been buried originally (in 1576 he was accused of taking church paving for his own use, permitting the vicarage to be used as an ale-house and playing cards when he should have been in church). Her body was said to have been reburied in the church in 1344 and the dedication to St John the Baptist was added later.
The oldest part of the current building, the aisled
nave, dates from around 1200. The tower and spire were probably built around the 15th century. Robert Palmer may have defaced some monumental effigies during his incumbency and in 1644, William Dowsing destroyed a St Christopher. A strong gust of wind blew out the north window of the chapel in the 17th century and the whole north-west corner was rebuilt in the early 17th century. In 1878, £1,000 was spent on restoring the whole church. It is a Grade II* listed building. [ [http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/details/default.aspx?id=51158 Images of England: Church of St John the Baptist and St Pandionia] ]
In 1835 a
Wesleyan Methodistchapel was constructed; in 1851 the congregation numbered 120 and 45 children came to Sunday school. In 1901 it could hold 140 people but was sold in 1964. A Primitive Methodistchapel was built near the green in 1846 and was still in use in 1968. In 1897, the vicar estimated that 40 out of 90 households in the parish were dissenters.
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