- Waltham Abbey (abbey)
Waltham Abbey is an
abbeychurch, first consecrated in 1060, in the town of Waltham Abbey, Essex, England
Waltham Abbey was founded in
1030and a building was constructed on the site by Harold Godwinson(aka King Harold II). In 1177the abbey was refounded as an Augustinian foundation. At this point extensive additional building works were carried out, although the nature and extent of these still await detailed research. The rebuilding, in the Early Englishstyle, made the abbey far more extensive than the original Norman establishment, as can be seen today from traces in the abbey grounds.
The Augustinian abbey was a popular place for overnight stays with kings and other notables who were hunting in
Waltham Forest. It was the last abbey in Englandto be dissolved, in 1540. Thomas Talliswas the last organist at the Abbey prior to its dissolution. Henry VIII suggested Waltham as one of the new cathedrals for the Church of England, but the proposal was not implemented.
All of the eastern parts of the Abbey were demolished at the Dissolution, as was the original Norman crossing. The present-day church consists of the
naveof the Norman abbey church, the 14th-century Lady Chapeland west wall, and a 16th century tower, added after the Dissolution. Markers on the remains of the walls in the grounds indicate the location, before demolition, of the high altar (beneath which some believe Harold Godwinson is buried) [Butler, Denis: "1066: The Story of a Year", 1966, p. 292] , and other parts.
The interior is notable for the massive Norman piers and also for the many carvings of human faces nestling in the stonework left by the original masons. Waltham Abbey is also renowned for its
15th-century Doom (painting).
Recent architectural history
In 1859, the architect
William Burgeswas appointed to undertake a restoration of the site and a refurbishment of the interior. The restoration was extensive; the removal of pews and galleries from the South and West, the creation of a new ceiling (showing signs of the zodiacas at Peterborough Cathedral), significant re-building and the creation of a new chancel. The designs were exhibited at the Royal Academy. Work was complete by 1876.
The Abbey's stained glass is particularly noteworthy, including early work by
Edward Burne-Jonesin the rose window and lancets of the east wall, and A K Nicholson in the Lady Chapel. Much was destroyed during The Blitz.
In the view of Burges's biographer,
J. Mordaunt Crook, "(Burges's interior) meets the Middle Agesas an equal." However the architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsnerstates that Burges's remodelling was carried out "with all the robust ugliness which that architect liked".
Links with Harold Godwinson
Harold's links with the area, (although only his connection with the original foundation can be proven) persist. The local secondary school,
King Harold School, is named after the last Saxon King of England.
* [http://www.walthamabbeychurch.co.uk/ Church site]
* [http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server/show/conProperty.49 English Heritage]
* [http://www.paradoxplace.com/Photo%20Pages/UK/Britain_South_and_West/Waltham/Waltham_Abbey.htm Adrian Fletcher's Paradoxplace – Waltham Abbey Page]
* [http://www.walthamabbeygenealogy.co.uk Waltham Abbey Genealogy site]
* [http://www.walthamabbeyhistoricalsociety.org.uk Waltham Abbey Historical Society]
* [http://www.walthamabbeyarchive.com Waltham Abbey Reflections Of the Past]
*oscoor gbx|TL381007. [http://www.kingharold.essex.sch.uk]
* J. Mordaunt Crook, "William Burges and the High Victorian Dream" (1981) John Murray
* Nikolaus Pevsner, "The Buildings of England: Essex" Penguin, 1965 ISBN 0140710116
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Waltham Abbey — • Formerly located near London Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Waltham Abbey Waltham Abbey † … Catholic encyclopedia
Waltham Abbey — may refer to:* Waltham Abbey, Essex, England * Waltham Abbey (abbey), which gave its name to the above town * Waltham Abbey F.C., based in the same town … Wikipedia
Waltham Abbey, Essex — infobox UK place country = England official name= Waltham Abbey latitude= 51.6846 longitude= 0.0004 population = 20,400 shire district= Epping Forest shire county = Essex region= East of England constituency westminster= Epping Forest post town=… … Wikipedia
Waltham Abbey Royal Gunpowder Mills — The Royal Gunpowder Mills, Waltham Abbey, an Anchor Point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage, (ERIH), set in convert|175|acre|km2 of parkland and containing 21 buildings of major historical importance, mixes history, science, and… … Wikipedia
Waltham Abbey F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Waltham Abbey fullname = Waltham Abbey Football Club nickname = The Abbotts founded = 1944 ground = Capershotts, Waltham Abbey capacity = 3,500 chairman = Joe Collins manager = Bobby Ballard league = Isthmian… … Wikipedia
Waltham Abbey — 51° 41′ 05″ N 0° 00′ 01″ E / 51.6846, 0.0004 … Wikipédia en Français
Waltham Abbey — Original name in latin Waltham Abbey Name in other language Waltham Abbey State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.687 latitude 0.00421 altitude 20 Population 18069 Date 2011 02 12 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Waltham — may refer to:PlacesIn Canada: *Waltham, QuebecIn England: *Bishops Waltham, Hampshire *London Borough of Waltham Forest **including Walthamstow ***that includes Walthamstow Village *Waltham, Kent *Waltham, Lincolnshire **New Waltham is nearby… … Wikipedia
Waltham — bezeichnet mehrere Orte London Borough of Waltham Forest, England Waltham (Kent), England Waltham (Lincolnshire), England Waltham Abbey, Essex, England Waltham (Neuseeland) Waltham (Maine), USA Waltham (Massachusetts), USA Waltham (Minnesota),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Waltham Holy Croß — (Waltham Abbey, spr. ŭóllthèm äbbi), Stadt in der engl. Grafschaft Essex, am Lea, hat eine Abteikirche (1860 nach den Plänen von W. Burges teilweise restauriert), in welcher der letzte Sachsenkönig, Harald, begraben liegt, und (1901) 6549 Einw.… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon