Sicani


Sicani

The Sicani (Greek "Sikanoi") or Sicanians were one of three ancient peoples of Sicily present at the time of Phoenician and Greek colonization.

History

The Sicani are thought to be the oldest inhabitants of Sicily with a recorded name. The Greek historian Thucydides claimed they immigrated from Iberia, but his basis for saying this is unknown. [cite news|http://books.google.com/books?id=L-VmL59CfkcC&pg=PA47&lpg=PA47&dq=Thucydides+Sicani&source=web&ots=pFiBFCDMUE&sig=Yhc2JLurSz8Is4r1lRLl3STfu4Q&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=4&ct=result|title=Greek Identity in the Western Mediterranean|year=2004] The Elymians are thought to be the next recorded people to settle Sicily, perhaps from the Aegean or Anatolia. They settled in the north-west of the island. The Sicels were the next to arrive, from mainland Italy, perhaps Liguria, and settled in the west. Historical records start with the Phoenicians, who established colonies in the 11th century BCE, and especially with the Greeks, who founded the colony of Syracuse, which eventually became the largest Greek city, in 734 BCE. Other Greek colonies were established around the island. The indigenous Sicilians were gradually absorbed by these colonizing peoples and finally disappeared as distinct peoples under Roman occupation.

Language

A few short inscriptions using the Greek alphabet have been found in the extinct Sicanian language. ["The World's Writing Systems." 1996:301.] Except for names they have not been translated, and the language is unclassified due to lack of data. [ [http://linguistlist.org/forms/langs/LLDescription.cfm?code=sxc 'Sicanian' at Linguist List] ]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SICANI — Hispaniae popul. Sicoris fluv. olim accolae, qui relictis sedibus suis, Sicanô duce, in Italiam se contulerun,t pulsisque Aboriginibus Latium occupârunt; ipsique postea ab ipsis pulsi, quos ante pepuleratn, insulam vicinam Italiae occupaverunt,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Sicani — ▪ people English  Sicans        according to ancient Greek writers, the aboriginal inhabitants of central Sicily, as distinguished from the Siculi of eastern Sicily and the Elymi of western Sicily. Archaeologically there is no substantial… …   Universalium

  • Sicani — noun An ancient people of Sicily and parts of Italy …   Wiktionary

  • Monti Sicani — f1p5 Monti Sicani Sizilien mit den Monti Sicani Höchster Gipfel Monte Cammarata (1.578  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monti Sicani — Location of the Monti Sicani in Sicily. The Monti Sicani are a mountain chain in the central southern Sicily, southern Italy, included between the Agrigento and Palermo. The name also indicates a series of comuni (municipalities) lying in the… …   Wikipedia

  • dağ sıçanı — is., hay. b. Kemiriciler takımının sincapgiller familyasından, postu beğenilen bir memeli türü (Marmota marmota) …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • fındık sıçanı — is., hay. b. Fındık faresi …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • funda sıçanı — is., hay. b. Şili ve Peru da yaşayan, kemiriciler takımından bir memeli türü (Ectadon degus) …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • orman sıçanı — is., hay. b. Ormanlık bölgede yaşayan bir sıçan türü (Mus sylvaticus) …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • tarla sıçanı — is., hay. b. Tarla faresi …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.