Yuchi

Yuchi

The Yuchi, also spelled "Euchee" and "Uchee", are a Native American Indian tribe previously living in the eastern Tennessee River valley in Tennessee, northern Georgia, and northern Alabama, who now primarily live in the northeastern Oklahoma area. Their own name for themselves is "Tsoyaha", meaning "Children of the Sun". Their population plummeted in the 18th century due to foreign diseases and war with the Cherokee. In 2005 there are approximately 3,000 Yuchi people.

History

The origin of the Yuchi has long been a mystery. The Yuchi language does not closely resemble any other Native American language, suggesting a long period of isolation from other Native Americans of the historic era.

European colonial records provide information about the Yuchi dating back to the 17th century. It has been suggested that the Yuchi and the Westo were the same people, but there is debate over this theory. There is strong historical and archaeological evidence for several Yuchi towns of the 18th century. One of the earlier towns to be recorded to colonial records is that of Chestowee in southeastern Tennessee. In 1714, largely instigated by two traders from South Carolina, the Cherokee attacked and destroyed the Yuchi town of Chestowee. The Cherokee were prepared to carry their attacks to the Savannah River Yuchi settlements, but when word that the government of South Carolina did not condone these attacks, the Cherokee held back. The Cherokee destruction of the Yuchi Chestowee marked the emergence of the Cherokee as a major power.cite book |last= Gallay |first= Alan |title= The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South 1670-1717 |year= 2002 |publisher= Yale University Press |isbn= 0-300-10193-7] Another early Yuchi town existed at Mount Pleasant on the Savannah River in present-day Effingham County, Georgia, from about 1722 to about 1750. A large Yuchi town known as "Uche town" existed on the Chattahoochee River during the middle to late 1700s. It was located near Uche Creek, about 10 miles downriver from the Creek settlement of Coweta Old Town. It was visited by William Bartram in the 1770s, who praised its layout and thriving population. Another Yuchi town existed on Silver Bluff in Aiken County, South Carolina from 1746 to 1751. The Yuchi town known as "Patsiliga" existed on the Flint River in the late 1700s. Possible Yuchi towns may have existed on the Oconee River near Uchee Creek in Wilkinson County, Georgia, and on Brier Creek in Burke County, Georgia or Screven County, Georgia. [* [http://shapiro.anthro.uga.edu/Lamar/PDFfiles/Publication%2010.pdf Mount Pleasant. An Eighteenth-Century Yuchi Native American Town, British Trader Outpost, and Military Garrison in Georgia] , Lamar Institute Reports]

In the early 19th century the Yuchi were forcibly removed along with the Creek people to Oklahoma. Historically, the Yuchi have always been a separate people from other tribes though they have often been grouped with and treated with other people, most importantly, with the Creeks.

Current status

Now, most Yuchi are of mixed-tribe descent and many are citizens of and enrolled with the Muskogee (Creek) Nation, although many are citizens of other tribes, such as the Shawnee or Sauk and Fox. Yuchi people have tried to attain Federal Recognition from the United States in the last decades of the 20th century, but this doesn't appear to have been successful. There have been organizations which have striven to be representative tribal governments, however none have had near-universal support to date.

Yuchi language

The Yuchi language is a linguistic isolate, not known to be related to any other language. The Yuchi people and language are the subject of a chapter in "Spoken Here: Travels Among Threatened Languages", a book on endangered languages by Mark Abley. It is believed that today, only five elderly Yuchi can speak the language, which is on the verge of extinction. This belief is certainly incorrect given the fact that young people of the Yuchi tribe have learned the language in recent years and are continuing to do so. [ [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,297260,00.html Scientists: Many World Languages Are Dying] , Associated Press via Fox News, 2007-09-18. Accessed 2007-09-19.]

ee also

* Yuchi language
* Sam Story

References

Bibliography

*Mark Abley "Spoken Here : Travels Among Threatened Languages". Houghton Mifflin, 2003.
*Jason Jackson "Yuchi Ceremonial Life: Performance, Meaning, and Tradition in a Contemporary American Indian Community". University of Nebraska Press, 2003.
*Frank Speck "Ethnology of the Yuchi Indians (reprint)". University of Nebraska Press, 2004.

External links

* [http://www.yuchi.org Who Were the Mysterious Yuchi of Tennessee and the Southeast?] at Yuchi.org
* [http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/lhbum:@field(DOCID+@lit(lhbum52353div32)) Memoirs of Jeremiah Curtin in the Indian Territory] pp. 327, 333-335 early ethnographer's account of learning Yuchi language in 1883 in a Yuchi settlement 55 miles from Muskogee, Oklahoma. Electronic record maintained by Library of Congress, accessed January 15, 2007.


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Yuchi —  Cet article concerne le peuple yuchi. Pour la langue yuchie, voir Yuchi (langue). Les Yuchi étaient un peuple amérindien qui vivait à l origine dans la vallée du Tennessee et qui occupe aujourd hui le nord est de l Oklahoma (  États… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yuchi —   [ juːtʃɪ], einst bedeutender, den Sioux sprachlich entfernt verwandter Stamm der Östlichen Waldlandindianer in den USA. Die früher in Tennessee und Georgia lebenden Yuchi kamen zum größten Teil mit den Creek nach Oklahoma (etwa 1 200) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Yuchi — Ursprüngliches Siedlungsgebiet der Yuchi Die Yuchi (auch Euchee oder Uchee buchstabiert) sind ein nordamerikanisches Indianervolk, das ursprünglich im Osten des vom Tennessee River gebildeten Flusstales im heutigen Tennessee, dem nördlichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yuchi — Territorio original de los Yuchi. Los yuchi son una tribu amerindia del grupo lingüístico uchean, también llamados tsoyaha. Su nombre proviene del muskogi yutci “alejados del asentamiento”. Absorbieron los restos de Savannah. Contenido 1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yuchi — 1 Original name in latin Yuchi Name in other language Yuchi, Yuchi Chaoxianzu Xiang, yu chi, yu chi chao xian zu xiang State code CN Continent/City Asia/Harbin longitude 44.93124 latitude 128.76208 altitude 315 Population 0 Date 2013 05 07 2… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Yuchi — Yu·chi (yo͞oʹchē) n. pl. Yuchi or Yu·chis 1. a. A Native American people formerly inhabiting northern Georgia and eastern Tennessee, politically included in the Creek confederacy since the 19th century. b. A member of this people. 2. The language …   Universalium

  • yuchi — noun or uchee ˈyüchē (plural yuchi or yuchis or uchee or uchees) Usage: usually capitalized 1 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Yuchi — ISO 639 3 Code : yuc ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • yuchi — yu·chi …   English syllables

  • Yuchi Jingde — (尉遲敬德) (585 658), formal name Yuchi Gong (尉遲恭) but went by the courtesy name of Jingde, formally Duke Zhongwu of E (鄂忠武公), was a general of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty whose bravery later caused him to be incorporated into Chinese folk… …   Wikipedia


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