Oflag IV-B Koenigstein


Oflag IV-B Koenigstein

Oflag IV-B Koenigstein was a Nazi POW camp for Allied officers during World War II. It was located in Königstein Fortress near the town of Königstein in Saxony.

After the Polish Defensive War of 1939, most high-ranking Polish officers were imprisoned there. The staff officers were imprisoned in the casemates and the generals in one of the forts. The lower-ranking officers were incarcerated in the lower levels of the fortress. Despite harsh conditions in the living chambers, the officers were granted relative freedom and had a part of the fortress gardens at their disposal. Apart from Antoni Szylling and Tadeusz Piskor, who were imprisoned in Murnau, all Polish army commanders taken by the Germans in 1939 were held there.

After the Fall of France in 1940, most Polish officers were transferred to either Oflag VIIA Murnau or Oflag VIII E Johannisbrunn, their place was taken by French officers. The camp was surrendered to the Red Army on May 9, 1945. The Russians stayed only long enough to remove anything of value, and loading up the German guards, they returned to their HQ leaving the French Generals alone. A short while afterwards, a French light aircraft landed and the pilot informed them that he had come to collect General Saint Ceran of the French Air Force. The remaining inmates asked that he inform the Americans of their plight which he did, and despite Koenigstein being in the Russian zone, a decision was taken to swiftly remove the French generals from the castle on May 11. They were flown back to Paris on May 12, many of them free for the first time in five years. (Diary of General Alfred Fagalde - inmate of Koenigstein)

Prominent inmates

  • General Henri Giraud - commander of French 7th Army Group, captured 19 May 1940, escaped 17 April 1942.

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • OFLAG — Offizierslager (Oflag) waren deutsche Kriegsgefangenenlager während des Zweiten Weltkrieges, in denen ausschließlich Offiziere nach Nationen getrennt festgehalten wurden. Unteroffiziere und Mannschaften wurden dagegen in sogenannten Stammlagern… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oflag — Offizierslager (Oflag) waren deutsche Kriegsgefangenenlager während des Zweiten Weltkrieges, in denen ausschließlich Offiziere nach Nationen getrennt festgehalten wurden. Unteroffiziere und Mannschaften wurden dagegen in sogenannten Stammlagern… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of prisoner-of-war camps in Germany — Part of Lists of Prisoner of War Camps section in the Prisoner of war camp article. This article is a list of prisoner of war camps in Germany (and in German occupied territory) during any conflict. These are the camps that housed captured… …   Wikipedia

  • Offizierslager — (Oflag) waren deutsche Kriegsgefangenenlager während des Zweiten Weltkrieges, in denen ausschließlich Offiziere nach Nationen getrennt festgehalten wurden. Unteroffiziere und Mannschaften wurden dagegen in sogenannten Stammlagern (Stalag)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (O) — # O I # OA vz.27 # Oak Ridge Associated Universities # Oak Ridge City Center # Oak Ridge High School (Oak Ridge, Tennessee) # Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education # Oak Ridge National Laboratory # Oak Ridge, Tennessee # Oakley Hall #… …   Wikipedia

  • Wiktor Thommée — Infobox Military Person name=Wiktor Thommée rank=generał brygady born=birth date|1881|12|30|mf=y placeofbirth=Święciany, Russian Empire died=death date and age|1962|9|12|1881|12|30|mf=y placeofdeath=Warsaw, Poland allegiance=Poland… …   Wikipedia

  • Władysław Bortnowski — (1891 1966) was a Polish historian, military commander and one of the highest ranking generals of the Polish Army. He is most famous as the commander of the Pomorze Army to take part in the battle of Bzura during the invasion of Poland in… …   Wikipedia

  • Крепость Кёнигштайн — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Кёнигштайн. Крепость Крепость Кёнигштайн Festung Königstein …   Википедия

  • Czesław Młot-Fijałkowski — Czesław Młot Fijałkowski. Czesław Młot Fijałkowski (1892–1944) was a Polish military officer and a brigadier general of the Polish Army. Czesław Fijałkowski was born April 14, 1892 in Okalewo (now in Rypin County), then part of the Russian Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Franciszek Kleeberg — (February 1, 1888 in Tarnopol April 5, 1941 near Dresden) was a Polish general. He served in the Austro Hungarian Army before joining the Polish Legions in World War I and later the Polish Army. During the Germans Invasion of Poland he commanded… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.