List of Caribbean idiophones


List of Caribbean idiophones

This is a list of idiophones used in the Caribbean music area, used in the Caribbean music area, including the islands of the Caribbean Sea, as well as the musics of Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Belize, Garifuna music, and Bermuda.


List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "agogó"
See = "agogoró'
List of musical instruments
Drum = "agogoró'
Number = 111.221
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Hoe blade, struck with a nail or other heavy object
Other names = "agogó"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "akanikã"
Number = 111.242.222
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Belt with many attached bells
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "asson"
Number = 1
Tradition = Haiti
Type = Hollow calabash with a hole, which the player plugs during performance, where the stem used to be, covered in beaded webbing
Other names = "baksor", "asson" can also refer to the "ogan" in Northern Haiti
List of musical instruments
Drum = "assot"
Number = 1
Tradition = Haiti
Type = Wooden board, sometimes attached to a "tymbale"
Other names =
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "arwé-koesolé"
See = "bakosó'
List of musical instruments
Drum = "assongwé"
Number = 112.13
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Rattle made of tin, with both ends conical and an attached handle, used by "Arara" priests
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "atcheré"
Number = 112.12
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Oblong rattle made from a gourd, and covered with a network of webbing laced with nuts or beads
Other names = "guïro"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "bakosó"
Number = 112.12
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Large rattle made from a calabash, and covered with a network of webbing laced with nuts or beads
Other names = "arwé-koesolé"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "baksor"
See = "asson"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "banká"
Number = 111.242.121
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Metal bell, struck with a wooden stick, location of the strike determines pitch
Other names = "ekón", "ekóng"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "base-bum"
See = "steelpan"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "base-kettle"
See = "steelpan"
List of musical instruments
Drum = bellcite journal|title=Embedded Truths: Creativity and Context in Spiritual Baptist Music|first=Stephen D.|last=Glazier|journal=Latin American Music Review / "Revista de Música Latinoamericana"|volume=18|issue=1|month=Spring - Summer|year=1997|pages=44–56|doi=10.2307/780325]
Number = 1
Tradition = Trinidad and Tobago
Type = Hand bell, used in the Spiritual Baptist musical tradition
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = bell, "Lucumí"
Number = 111.242.121
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Bell with an external striker
Other names =
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "belly"
See = "steelpan"
List of musical instruments
Drum = bench
Number = 1
Tradition = Trinidad and Tobago
Type = Ordinary sitting bench, used spontaneously by banging against the ground in the Spiritual Baptist musical tradition
Other names =
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "bois bourrique"
See = "vaccine"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "boli"
Number = 1
Tradition = Trinidad and Tobago
Type = Hollow calabash with a hole, which the player plugs during performance, where the stem used to be, covered in beaded webbing, used in the Shango cult
Other names = "chac-chac", "shack-shack", "xaque-xaque" (Brazil), "chacha" (Cuba)
List of musical instruments
Drum = "cajon"
Number = 111.2
Tradition = Cuba and Puerto Rico
Type = Wooden box played as a bass drum, with hands held in front of the face, often while sitting on the instrument while playing
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "cata"
Number = 1
Tradition = Haiti
Type = Two types of beating tubes: a length of bamboo laid upon two y-shaped sticks in the ground, and a hollow wooden cylinder; both are beaten with sticks
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "catá" [cite journal|first=Donald R.|last=Hill|journal=Black Music Research Journal|volume=18|issue=1/2|month=Spring - Autumn|title=West African and Haitian Influences on the Ritual and Popular Music of Carriacou, Trinidad, and Cuba|year=1998|pages=183–201|doi=10.2307/779398]
Number = 1
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Hollowed out trunk hit with two sticks, used in "yuka", term also used for a rumba rhythm
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "cencerro"
Number = ?
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Large cowbell with no clapper, struck on the outside, used in many kinds of Cuban folk and popular music
Other names = "gangária", "San Martin" (for secular uses only)
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "chac-chac"
See = "shak-shak"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "chacha"
See = "shak-shak"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "chekere"
Number = 1
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Hollow calabash with a hole, which the player plugs during performance, where the stem used to be, covered in beaded webbing
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "claves"Manuel, pg. 30]
Number = 111.1
Tradition = Cuba and Haiti
Type = Cylindrical percussive sticks of African origin, made from hardwood trees like "acana", "quiebrahacha", "guayaca¡n", and "granadillo"
Other names =
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "dentlé"
See = "dentli"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "dentli"
Number = 112.211
Tradition = Haiti
Type = Notched stick played with a bamboo scraping blade
Other names = "dentlé"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "dhantal" [cite journal|accessdate=March 13|accessyear=2008|title="Brotherhood of the Boat": Musical Dialogues in a Caribbean Context|first=Tina K.|last=Ramnarine|journal=British Journal of Ethnomusicology|volume=7|year=1998|pages=1–22|url=http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0968-1221%281998%297%3C1%3A%22OTBMD%3E2.0.CO%3B2-S]
Number = 1
Tradition = Indo-Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago,Guyana and Suriname
Type = Steel rod, adapted from a piece of a yoke and hit with a beater in a horseshoe-shape, used in "chutney"
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = door
Number = 111.221
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Normal door, beaten with a hand, integral component of the "Yambú" dance
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = double-conical rattle
Number = 112.13
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Double-conical rattle, made of tin and held horizontally, known in Jovellanos
Other names =
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "ekón"
See = "banká"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "ekóng"
See = "banká"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "ericúnde"
See = "erikúnde"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "erikúnde"
Number = 112.13
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Tubular rattle with a looping basket-shaped handle, filled with chunks of wood
Other names = "ericúnde"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "gangária"
See = "cencerro"
List of musical instruments
Drum = geared rattle
Number = 1
Tradition = Haiti
Type = Rattle, used in "Rara" ceremonies
Other names = "kwa-kwa
List of musical instruments
Drum = "grage"
Number = 112.23
Tradition = Haiti
Type = Metal scraper with small, closely-spaced holes, played with a piece of wire or nail
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = grind organ
Number = 1
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Integral component of the "Yambú" dance
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "güira" [Manuel, pg. 43]
Number = 1
Tradition = Dominican Republic
Type = Sheet of metal shaped into a tube, used in "bachata" and "merengue"
Other names =
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "güira"
See = "güiro"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "guïro"
Number = NA
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Generic term for any instrument made from a gourd, especially a scraper
Other names = "güayo"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "guïro"
Number = 112.12
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Oblong rattle made from pieces of tin, and covered with a network of webbing laced with nuts or beads, known in Matanzas Province
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "güayo"
Number = 1
Tradition = Puerto Rico
Type = Used in "bomba" and "plena"
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "erimé"
Number = 112.13
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Set of four rattles attached to a pair of crossed sticks
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = iron
Number = 111.1
Tradition = Surinamese Maroons
Type = Pieces of any available metal struck together
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = iron tube, "Lucumí"
Number = 111.242.121
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Hollow iron tube with a slit along the side, played with an external striker
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "guataca"
Number = ?
Tradition = Cuba
Type = cowbell, played using a striker
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "jhanj"
Number = ?
Tradition = Trinidad and Tobago
Type = Pair of large cymbals
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "kwa-kwa"
Number = 112.13
Tradition = Haiti
Type = Empty gourd filled with seeds; can also refer to the geared rattle
Other names = "tcha-tcha", "tcha-kwa"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "kwakwa" [citejournal|title=The Black Perspective in Music|first=Leonard|last=Goines|volume=3|issue=1|month=Spring|year=1975|pages=40–44]
Number = 1
Tradition = Surinamese Maroons
Type = Bench with a wooden top, played with two sticks, from a squatting position
Other names =
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "malimba"
See = "marimba"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "manimba"
See = "marimba"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "manimbula"
See = "marimba"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "maraca" cite journal|first=Harold|last=Courlander|journal=The Musical Quarterly|volume=28|title=Musical Instruments of Cuba|issue=2|month=April|year=1942|pages=227–240|doi=10.1093/mq/XXVIII.2.227]
Number = 112.13
Tradition = Cuba, Garifuna music, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and elsewhere
Type = Rattle found in Jamaica and across the Greater Antilles and Central America, made from a hollow gourd, often a calabash, and filled with dried seeds
Other names = "shakkas" (Garifuna) "marúga" (Matanzas Province only)
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "marimba"
See = "marimbula"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "marimba"
Number = 111.2
Tradition = Haiti
Type = Box mounted with strips that can be plucked
Other names = "malimba", "manimba", "manimbula"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "marimbula" [Manuel, pg. 43]
Number = 111.2
Tradition = Cuba, introduced to the Dominican Republic and elsewhere
Type = Box mounted with metal strips that can be plucked, used as a bass instrument in rural folk genres like "son"
Other names = "marimba" (Dominican Republic only)
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "marúga"
See = "maraca"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "mayohavau"cite web|url=http://puertorico-guide.info/arts.and.entertainment/instruments/|accessdate=March 10|accessyear=2007|title=Puerto Rican Instruments|work=Puerto Rico Guide]
Number = 111.231
Tradition = Puerto Rico
Type = Slit drum made of thin wood, shaped like an elongated gourd, originally of Taino origin
Other names = "mayahuacan"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "mayahuacan"
See = "mayohavau"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "oga"
See = "ogan" (Cuba)
List of musical instruments
Drum = "ogan"
Number = 111.242.121
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Iron bell, held upside down and struck with a beater, used among the "Arara"
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "ogan", double
Number = 111.242.221
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Pair of "ogan", used in mourning music among the "Arara"
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "ogan"cite journal|title=Musical Instruments of Haiti|first=Harold|last=Courlander|journal=The Musical Quarterly|volume=27|issue=3|month=July|year=1941|pages=371–383|doi=10.1093/mq/XXVII.3.371]
Number = 111.1
Tradition = Haiti
Type = Pieces of chain or other metal struck together
Other names = "asson"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "quijara de burro"
Number = 112.122
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Jawbone of a burro, teeth acting as rattles
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "quinto"
Number = 111.2
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Box with two sloping sides, tapped with the fingers percussively
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = rattlecitejournal|title=The Black Perspective in Music|first=Leonard|last=Goines|volume=3|issue=1|month=Spring|year=1975|pages=40–44]
Number = 112.13
Tradition = Surinamese Maroons
Type = Rattle used in both secular and religious purposes, with a specific rhythm for the spirit associated with each ritual
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = rattle-bracelet
Number = 112.112
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Bracelets with attached nuts and seeds, worn by drummers in the "Kimbísa" tradition
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = rumba box [cite journal|title=Remembering Kojo: History, Music, and Gender in the January Sixth Celebration of the Jamaican Accompong Maroons|first=Jacqueline Cogdell|last=DjeDje|journal=Black Music Research Journal|volume=18|issue=1/2|month=Spring - Autumn|year=1998|pages=67–120|doi=10.2307/779395]
Number = 2
Tradition = Jamaica
Type = Maroon instrument used to accompany social dancing, wooden box with three metal brackets on one side
Other names =
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "San Martin"
See = "cencerro"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "shack-shack"
See = "shak-shak"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "shak-shak"cite journal|title=The Shak-Shak in the Lesser Antilles|first=Daniel J.|last=Crowley|journal=Ethnomusicology|volume=2|issue=3|month=September|year=1958|pages=112–115|doi=10.2307/924654]
Number = 1
Tradition = Lesser Antilles
Type = Rattle, made from a dried gourd, often a calabash, and filled with dried seeds, with a handle attached where the calabash stem formerly was, not normally decorated or painted, may be placed in a pair
Other names = "chac-chac", "shack-shack", "xaque-xaque" (Brazil), "chacha" (Cuba)
List of musical instruments
Drum = "shak-shak"
Number = 1
Tradition = Saint Lucia and other Francophone islands
Type = Rattle, made from a pair of tin cans, emptied, then filled with a few loose pebbles and soldered shut
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "shak-shak"
Number = 112.13
Tradition = Lesser Antilles
Type = Improvised rattle, made from a single tin can and a few loose pebbles, often played by children practicing for the use of the more common "shak-shak" or adults at impromptu occasions
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = "shekeres"
Number = ?
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Gourd rattle, strung with seeds or beeds
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = shepherd's crook
Number = 1
Tradition = Trinidad and Tobago
Type = Staff, used spontaneously by banging against the ground in the Spiritual Baptist musical tradition
Other names =
List of musical instruments
Drum = spoons
Number = 111.141
Tradition = Cuba
Type = Pair of normal spoons beaten together, integral component of the "Yambú" dance
Other names =
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = steeldrum
See = steelpan
List of musical instruments
Drum = steelpancite book
title=Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume Two: South America, Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean|author=McDaniel, Lorna|chapter=Trinidad and Tobago|pages=952-967|id=ISBN 0-8153-1865-0|year=1999|publisher=Routledge
]
Number = 111.2
Tradition = Trindad and Tobago originally, now widespread
Type = Made from tempered metal drums, tuned chromatically; not a true drum in that it is an idiophone, not a membranophone
Other names = "steeldrum", "tock-tock", "belly", "base kettle", "base bum"
List of musical instruments
Drum = tamboo-bamboo [cite journal|title=Carnival, Calypso, and Steelband in Trinidad|first=Ernest D.|last=Brown|journal=The Black Perspective in Music|volume=18|issue=1/2|year=1990|pages=81–100|doi=10.2307/1214859]
Number = 1
Tradition = Trinidad and Tobago
Type = Tuned bamboo stomping tubes, used as a substitute percussion instrument when drums were outlawed
Other names =
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "tcha-kwa"
See = "kwa-kwa"
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = "tcha-tcha"
See = "kwa-kwa"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "tibwa" [cite book|chapter=Saint Lucia|last=Guilbault|first=Jocelyne|title=Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume Two: South America, Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean]
Number = 2
Tradition = Saint Lucia
Type = Wooden sticks, played against the rim of a "ka", or against a bamboo tube or a log sitting on a stand
Other names =
List of musical instruments- see
Drum = tock-tock
See = steelpan
List of musical instruments
Drum = "vaccine"
Number = 111.2
Tradition = Haiti
Type = Bamboo trumpet, played as an idiophone by tapping it with sticks
Other names = "bois bourrique"
List of musical instruments
Drum = "wacharaca" [cite book|title=New Grove Encyclopedia of Music|chapter=Netherlands Antilles and Aruba|last=Bilby|first=Kenneth]
Number = 1
Tradition = Curaçao
Type = Metal disks attached to a wooden board
Other names = "matrimonial"

References

*cite book|first=Peter|last=Manuel|title=Popular Musics of the Non-Western World: An Introductory Survey|publisher=Oxford University Press|location=New York|year=1988|id=ISBN 0195063341

Notes


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