Gibraltarian people

Gibraltarian people

Infobox Ethnic group
group = Gibraltarians

caption = "Some notable Gibraltarians:"
William Penney Peter Caruana Alfred Holmes
Joe Bossano Paul Isola Adolfo Canepa

population = 28,875 (Gibraltar alone, Jan 2008 estimate) [ [ Intute - World Guide - Gibraltar] ]
regions =


languages = English· Spanish Llanito smaller|(vernacular)
religions = Christianity smaller|(mostly Roman Catholicism and Anglicanism)· Islam· Judaism· Hinduism
related = Andalusian· British· Genoese· Maltese· Portuguese

The Gibraltarians (colloquially Llanitos), are a Southern European nation and cultural group native to Gibraltar, a British overseas territory located near the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance to the Mediterranean sea.


Gibraltarians are a racial and cultural fusion of the many European immigrants who came to the Rock of Gibraltar over three hundred years. They are the descendants of economic migrants that came to Gibraltar after the majority of the Spanish population left in 1704. The few Spaniards who remained in Gibraltar in August 1704 left in 1727 when Gibraltar was subjected to its first siege.

Genoese (who arrived to work for the garrison and later went on to form the basis of Gibraltar's civilian police force) and Catalans (who arrived in the fleet with Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt, possibly some two hundred in all), became the core of Gibraltar's first civilian population under a Dutch flag, soon replaced by the flag of England. Jews from Tetouan in Morocco, who had previously been suppliers to the English territory of Tangier, started supplying fresh produce to Gibraltar from 1704.

In 1728 the settlement of Jews in Gibraltar was such that by 1755 they formed 50% of the 1300 civilian population together with the Genoese. In 1888 the construction of the new harbour at Gibraltar started in order to provide an additional coaling station on the British routes to the East. This resulted in the importation of Maltese labour both to assist in its construction, and to replace striking Genoese labour in the old coaling lighter-based industry. Maltese, and Portuguese people formed the majority of this new population. Other groups include Minorcans (forced to leave their homes when Minorca was returned to Spain in 1802), Sardinians, Sicilians and other Italians, French, Germans, and the British.

Immigration from Spain and intermarriage with Spaniards from the surrounding Spanish towns was a constant feature of Gibraltar's history until General Francisco Franco closed the border with Gibraltar, cutting off many Gibraltarians from their relatives on the Spanish side of the frontier. The Spanish socialist government reopened the land frontier, but other restrictions remain in place.


Gibraltarians are British, albeit with a distinct identity of their own.

"noun:" Gibraltarian(s)"adjective:" Gibraltar



Gibraltarians' main religion is Christianity, with the majority of Gibraltarians belonging to the Roman Catholic Church. Other Christian denominations include the Church of England, the Gibraltar Methodist Church, [cite web |url= |title=Gibraltar Methodist Church |accessdate=2007-10-30 |publisher=The Methodist Church] Church of Scotland, various Pentecostal and independent churches mostly influenced by the House Church and Charismatic movements, as well as a Plymouth Brethren congregation. There is also a ward of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and Jehovah's Witnesses. There are also a number of Hindu Indians, a Moroccan Muslim population, members of the Bahá'í Faith [cite web |url= |title=The Bahá'í Community in Gibraltar |accessdate=2007-10-30 |publisher=Gibnet] and a long-established Jewish community. [cite web |url= |title=People |accessdate=2007-11-06 |date=2005 |publisher=Official Government of Gibraltar London website] [cite web |first=Joseph|last=Jacobs|url= |title=Gibraltar |accessdate=2007-11-06 |]


English (used in schools and for official purposes) and Spanish are the main languages of Gibraltar. Most Gibraltarians converse in "Llanito", an Andalusian Spanish based creole. It consists of an eclectic mix of Andalusian Spanish and British English as well as languages such as Maltese, Portuguese, Italian of the Genoese variety and Haketia. Among more educated Gibraltarians, it also typically involves code-switching to English. Arabic is spoken by the Moroccan community, just like Hindi and Sindhi is spoken by the Indian community of Gibraltar. Maltese is still spoken by some families of Maltese descent.


See also

* List of Gibraltarians
* Gibraltarian status
* Demographics of Gibraltar
* History of Nationality in Gibraltar

Template group
list =

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gibraltarian cuisine — Gibraltar This article is part of the series: Culture of Gibraltar Demographics of Gibraltar Gibraltarian people History of the Genoese in Gibraltar History of the Jews in Gibraltar History of the Maltese in G …   Wikipedia

  • Gibraltarian status — The term Gibraltarian refers to the present day inhabitants of Gibraltar. It is not a nationality, but is a legal status defined in the law of Gibraltar.The term was coined in the 1920s at a time of increasing awareness of identity and was… …   Wikipedia

  • Gibraltarian — 1. adjective /dʒɪ.bɹɒlˈteə(ɹ).iː.ən/ Of or pertaining to Gibraltar or its people 2. noun /dʒɪ.bɹɒlˈteə(ɹ).iː.ən/ A native or inhabitant of Gibraltar …   Wiktionary

  • Gibraltarian — n. native or resident of Gibraltar adj. of or pertaining to Gibraltar or its people or culture; relating to Gibraltar …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Hispanic people in the United Kingdom — There are many Hispanic people in the United Kingdom, including British citizens and non citizen immigrants of full or partial Hispanic ancestry. Hispanics are those whose first language is Spanish and/or have significant Spanish ancestry.… …   Wikipedia

  • British people — Infobox Ethnic group group= Britons/British people caption = Notable Britons: Isambard Kingdom Brunel·Gordon Brown·Keira Knightley·Winston Churchill David Lloyd George·Kelly Holmes·Adam Smith·Horatio Nelson regions= tablehdr= genealogy=… …   Wikipedia

  • Culture of Gibraltar — Gibraltar This article is part of the series: Culture of Gibraltar Demographics of Gibraltar Gibraltarian people History of the Genoese in Gibraltar History of the Jews in Gibraltar History of th …   Wikipedia

  • Gibraltar — This article is about the British overseas territory. For other uses, see Gibraltar (disambiguation). Gibraltar …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of Gibraltar — Gibraltar This article is part of the series: Culture of Gibraltar Demographics of Gibraltar Gibraltarian people History of the Genoese in Gibraltar History of the Jews in Gibraltar History of t …   Wikipedia

  • History of nationality in Gibraltar — Gibraltar is a juridically independent area in western Europe, and forms part of the Commonwealth of Nations as a British overseas territory. Nationality in Gibraltar was invented in the 19th century as a result of various factors and events that …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.