- Genoese dialect
Genoese ("Zeneize") is the most important dialect of the Ligurian language, the one spoken in
Genoa(the principal city of the Liguriaregion in Italy).
Ligurian is listed by
Ethnologueas a language in its own right, of the Romance branch, and not to be confused with the ancient Ligurian language. Like the languages of Lombardy, Piedmont, and surrounding regions, it is of Gallo-Italic derivation.
quote|"Son zeneize, riso ræo
"Strenzo i denti e parlo ciæo"
Written literature has been produced in Genoese since the thirteenth century, but the spelling has never been regularized. However, since 2008 there is an official orthography set up by the Académia Ligùstica do Brenno, which attempts to put its script in order based on citizen speech of the
Portoriaarea. Their rules, which may be seen [http://www.zeneize.net/grafia/arfabeto.htm here] , are useful to write in all ligurian languagevarieties.
phonologyincludes a few likenesses with French. One similarity is heavily nasalized vowels before nasal consonants (i.e. in VN(C) sequences). This also occurs when Genoese speakers speak standard Italian. There used to be an alveolar approximant(English-like) /ɹ/ opposed to an alveolar trill/r/ (using the eighteenth century genoese spelling: "caro" ['kaːɹu] "dear" vs. "carro" ['kaːru] "cart"), but it is no longer heard in the city. It may still survive in some rural areas of Liguria, such as Calizzanoand Sassello. Audio samples may be heard [http://www2.hu-berlin.de/Vivaldi/index.php?id=m3048&lang=de here] . By far the most widespread type of /r/ today is the alveolar tap[ɾ] (identical to unstressed Standard Italian /r/). There are several distinctive local accents of Genoese. Nervi, Quinto, and Quarto are heard to the east of Genoa. Voltri, Prà, Pegli, and Sestri are heard to the west. There are also accents of the central Polcevera Valley and Bisagno.
Genoese is also an influence on the
Llanitovernacular of Gibraltar.
* "Sò asæ s'a sâ a sä asæ pe sâ a säsissa." = I don't have a clue whether the salt is going to be enough to salt the sausage.
*"Scia scîe scignôa, sciando scia xêua inscî scî." = Ski, madam, skying you fly on skis.
*"A-o mêu nêuo gh'è nêue nâe nêue; a ciû nêua de nêue nâe nêue a n'êu anâ." = At the new pier there are nine new ships; the newest of the nine new ships doesn't want to go.
*"Gi'angiai g'han gi'oggi gi'uegge gi'unge cume gi'atri?" = Do angels have eyes, ears, and (finger)nails like everyone else? (variant of the Cogorno "comune")
*"Son zeneize, rizo ræo, strenzo i denti e pârlo ciæo." = "I'm Genoese, I seldom laugh, I grind my teeth, and I say what I mean" (literally, "speak clearly").
* The child complains: "Ò famme." = I'm hungry. The mother answers: "Gràttite e zenogge e fatte e lasagne." = Scratch your knees and make lasagna.
* "Pòsci-to êse alûghetòu"
* "Chi veû vive da bon crestiàn, da-i begghìn o stagghe lontàn." = If you want to live as a good Christian, stay away from those who pretend to be devout; a traditional warning to beware of fanatics and hypocrites.
* "L'è megio e brâghe sgoaræ 'nt'o cû, che o cû sguaròu inte brâghe." = It is better to have trousers that are torn in the ass, than to have an ass that is torn in trousers.
* "Sciuscià e sciurbi, nu se poe" = Blow and Throw it's impossible hence you must take a decision or don't do anything, don't down to a compromises.
Genoese has eight vowels, twenty consonants, and three semivowels.
*/a/ barba /'barba/ (uncle, beard)
*/e/ tésta /'testa/ (head)
*/ɛ/ ægoa /'ɛgwa/ (water)
*/i/ bibin /bi'biŋ/ (turkey)
*/o/ cöse /'ko:se/ (what?)
*/ø/ anchêu /an'kø:/ (today)
*/u/ comme /'kumme/ (how?)
*/y/ fugassa /fy'gassa/ (bread)
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=lij Genoese/Ligurian at Ethnologue.com]
* [http://www.zeneize.net/ziardua/funulugiamp3/suoniitaNS.html Genoese phonology] it icon
* [http://spazioinwind.libero.it/paolore/genovese2.html Do you want to learn Genoese??] it icon
* [http://www.asterix-obelix.nl/manylanguages/ital-genova.htm Asterix speaks Genoese]
* [http://www2.hu-berlin.de/Vivaldi/index.php?id=0004&lang=de Audio samples of several Italian dialects]
* [http://www.zeneize.net/index.html ACADÉMIA LIGÙSTICA DO BRENNO (in genoese)]
* [http://www.zeneize.net/grafia/arfabeto.htm Official Orthography and Alphabet (in genoese)]
* [http://www.acompagna.org/wze/zeneise.htm A Compagna] it icon
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Genoese — may refer to:* A person from Genoa * The Genoese dialectee also*Genovese … Wikipedia
Cilentan dialect — Cilentan redirects here: For the region, see Cilento. For the coast, see Cilentan Coast. Cilentan Celendano Spoken in Italy … Wikipedia
Monégasque dialect — Monégasque Munegascu Spoken in Monaco Native speakers 35,657 (2006) (date missing) Language family Indo European … Wikipedia
Cantabrian dialect — Cantabrian Cántabru, montañés Spoken in Spain Region Autonomous community of Cantabria … Wikipedia
Sabino dialect — Sabino Aquilano, Reatino, Cicolano. Spoken in Italy Region Lazio (provinces of … Wikipedia
Limousin dialect — Limousin Lemosin Spoken in France Native speakers no reliable data (date missing) Language family Indo European … Wikipedia
Neapolitan dialect — Neapolitan nnapulitano Spoken in Italy Native speakers unknown … Wikipedia
Dauphinois dialect — Dauphinois is a dialect of the Arpitan language, which is spoken in Isère département, roughly formerly Bas Dauphiné, in France. The extreme South of the Dauphiné is within the area of the Occitan language. See also Languages of France … Wikipedia
Champenois dialect — Champenois is a language spoken by a minority of people in Champagne in France and in Wallonia in Belgium. It is one of the langues d oïl. It is classified as a regional language of France, and has the recognized status of a regional language of… … Wikipedia
Genoa — Infobox Settlement official name = it. Comune di Genova name = Genoa nickname = motto = website = http://www.comune.genova.it/ image caption = Via Brigata flag link = Flag of Genoa image shield = Genova Stemma.png pushpin pushpin map caption =… … Wikipedia