A lakh (also written lac, and lackh in an Indian english language news source, India PR Wire, 8 Oct '08) is a unit in the Indian numbering system equal to one hundred thousand (100,000; 105). It is widely used both in official and other contexts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Pakistan, and is often used in Indian English.

This system of measurement also introduces separators into numbers in a place that is different from that which is common in certain other number systems. For example, 30 lakh, which is to say 3 million, would be written as 30,00,000 instead of 3,000,000. In this system of counting, a hundred lakhs make a crore, which is ten million.

In India, one lakh is written as 1,00,000. In most other parts of the world, the comma appears every three positions, so a lakh would usually be written as 100,000 outside India.

In India, the first comma appears after three places, but after every two places thereafter.

Examples of the Indian comma system: 12,12,12,123 5,05,000 7,00,00,00,000.

The same examples in the Western system: 121,212,123 505,000 7,000,000,000

Etymology and regional variants

The lakh is known by various regional names in modern languages, all derived from the Sanskrit word लक्ष "unicode|lakṣa" "hundred thousand":

*Assamese: লাখ "lakh"
*Bengali: লাখ "lakh" or লক্ষ "lokkho"
*Gujarati: લાખ "lākh"
*Hindi लाख "lākh"
*Japanese: 洛叉 "rakusha"
*Kannada: ಲಕ್ಷ "unicode|lakṣa"
*Malayalam: ലക്ഷം "unicode|lakṣam"
*Mandarin: 洛叉 "luòchā"
*Marathi: लाख "lākh" or लक्ष "unicode|lakṣa"
*Nepali: लाख "lākh"
*Pashto: لک "lakh"
*Punjabi: ਲੱਖ "lākh"
*Swahili: laki or lakhi
*Tamil : இலட்சம் "unicode|laṭcham"
*Telugu: లక్ష "unicode|lakṣa"
*Urdu: لکھ "lakh" or "natasha"

ee also

* Crore (= 100 lakh)
* Names of numbers in English
* Names of large numbers

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  • Lakh — (Hindi: लाख, lākh, [lɑːkʰ]; von Sanskrit लक्ष, lakṣa, [ˈlʌkʂʌ]; englisch auch lac(k)) ist das südasiatische Zahlwort für „einhunderttausend“. Varianten des Wortes kommen in den meisten südasiatischen Sprachen und im Swahili vor. Auch im indischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lakh — Lakh, n. Same as {Lac}, one hundred thousand. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lakh — lakh·mid; lakh; …   English syllables

  • lakh — [lak] n. [Hindi lākh < Sans lakṣa] in India and Pakistan, a) the sum of 100,000: said specifically of rupees b) any indefinitely large number …   English World dictionary

  • Lakh — Un lakh (también suele escribirse lac) es una unidad en el sistema numérico indio usado con amplitud tanto oficialmente como en otros contextos en Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Birmania y Pakistán. Un lakh equivale a cien mil, es decir 105 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lakh — Numération indienne Numérations selon les cultures Numération arabo indienne arabe khmer indienne mongole thaï Numérations à l’origine chinoise chinoise japonaise à bâtons suzhou Numérations al …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lakh — Lac Lac (l[a^]k), Lakh Lakh (l[aum]k), n. [Hind. lak, l[=a]kh, l[=a]ksh, Skr. laksha a mark, sign, lakh.] One hundred thousand; also, a vaguely great number; as, a lac of rupees. [Written also {lack}.] [East Indies] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lakh —    or lac    a traditional unit of quantity in India, equal to 105 or 100 000. In India the lakh is used commonly instead of the million and commas are used to isolate the number of lakh; for example, the number 5 300 000 is called 53 lakh and… …   Dictionary of units of measurement

  • lakh — noun Etymology: Hindi & Urdu lākh Date: 1599 1. one hundred thousand < 50 lakhs of rupees > 2. a great number • lakh adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • lakh — lack, lac ou lakh [lak] n. m. ÉTYM. 1770, lack; lekke, 1678; lac, 1867, Littré; transcription de l indo aryen lākh ou du persan lāk, du sanskrit lākshā « cent mille ». ❖ ♦ Un lack de roupies : cent mille roupies. ❖ HOM. Lac, laque …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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