King George's War


King George's War

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=King George's War
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place=North America
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result=status quo
combatant1=flagicon|France|royal Franceflagicon|France|royal New France
First Nations allies:
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King George's War is the name given to the operations in North America that formed part of the 1740–1748 War of the Austrian Succession. The name "King George's War" is only used in the United States. In Britain, Canada, and France, this war is considered a theatre of the War of the Austrian Succession, with no separate name. It was the third of the four French and Indian Wars.

The War of Jenkins’s Ear officially began when a Spanish commander chopped off the ear of English merchant captain Robert Jenkins and told him to take that to his king, George II. War broke out in 1739 between the Spain and Britain, but was confined to the Caribbean Sea and the British colony of Georgia. This escalated into King George’s War in 1744, when the French allied themselves with Spain.

In 1745, British colonial forces in the Siege of Louisbourg captured the strategic French Fortress Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island. On November 28, 1745 the French with their Indians allies destroyed the village of Saratoga, New York, killing and capturing more than one hundred of its inhabitants. All of the English settlements north of Albany were accordingly abandoned. In July 1746 an Iroquois and intercolonial force assembled in northern New York for a retaliatory attack against Canada; however, the British regulars never arrived and the attack was called off. The colonial troops camped at Albany for the winter, but the following year again failed to launch their expedition. In 1748, Indian allies of the French attacked Schenectady, New York.

The war took a heavy toll on the northern colonies. The losses of Massachusetts men alone in 1745-46 has been estimated as 8% of that colony's adult male population.

Aftermath

According to the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, the Fortress of Louisbourg was returned to France three years later, in exchange for the city of Madras in India, captured by the French from the British. The peace treaty, which restored all colonial borders to their pre-war status, did little to end the lingering enmity between France, Britain, and their respective colonies, nor did it resolve any territorial disputes. Austria shifted its allegiance America in 1754, with the outbreak of the French and Indian War, which spread to Europe two years later as the Seven Years' War.

ee also

* Fort at Number 4
* Jonathan Moulton
* John Goffe
* Thomas Stickney
* Plausawa
* Nicolas Orontondi

External links

* [http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h847.html King George's War on U-S-History.com]


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