- Grinnell, Iowa
official_name = Grinnell, Iowa
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Downtown Grinnell
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Grinnell, Iowa
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Poweshiek
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 13.0
area_land_km2 = 12.9
area_water_km2 = 0.1
area_total_sq_mi = 5.0
area_land_sq_mi = 5.0
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 9105
population_density_km2 = 704.9
population_density_sq_mi = 1825.7
timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_m = 309
elevation_ft = 1014
latd = 41 |latm = 44 |lats = 37 |latNS = N
longd = 92 |longm = 43 |longs = 29 |longEW = W
Grinnell is a city in Poweshiek County,
Iowa, United States. The population was 9,105 at the 2000 census. Grinnell was named after Josiah Bushnell Grinnelland is the home of Grinnell College.
Grinnell was founded in 1854 by Josiah B. Grinnell. By 1880 Grinnell had a population of around 2000. Located at the junction of two railway lines (east-west line of the Rock Island Railroad and the north-south Minneapolis & St Louis (M&St L) Railroad) it became and remains the largest community in Poweshiek County. Grinnell was a stop on the [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/PDF-files/JB%20Grinnell%20and%20Underground%20RR.pdf Underground Railroad.] Grinnell is also home to [http://www.grinnell.edu/aboutinfo/history/ Grinnell College] , the first college established west of the Mississippi. On June 17, 1882 a tornado destroyed most of the college campus and much of the community and caused a death toll near 100. In [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/PDF-files/Fire%20of%201889.pdf 1889 fire] destroyed most of the downtown area. In the early 1900s Grinnell was home to one of the pioneer's of modern aviation, [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/images/archive%20pages/RobinsonStory.pdf Billy Robinson] . A [http://ddr.lib.drake.edu/cdm4/browse.php?CISOROOT=%2Fgrin1 photographic history of Billy's aviation accomplishments] is available as part of the Iowa Heritage Digital Collections Project. Grinnell was also home to Spaulding Manufacturing. H.W. Spaulding began making carriages and spring wagons in Grinnell, Iowa in 1876. In 1909 the Spaulding Manufacturing Company added automobiles to its production line. Spaulding automobiles were known for their quality construction from rugged materials. Automobile production ceased at the Spaulding factory in 1916 when it could no longer compete with the cheaper Ford automobile. [http://ddr.lib.drake.edu/cdm4/browse.php?CISOROOT=%2Fgrin2 Historical photographs of Spaulding] products are also available from the Iowa Heritage Digital Collection. The Spaulding factory site will soon become home to the [http://www.iowatransportationmuseum.com/ Spaulding Center for Transportation/Iowa Transportation Museum.]
The history of Grinnell is nicely covered in the book "Grinnell: A century of progress" published by the Grinnell Herald-Register in 1954. This book is available at [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us Stewart Library] .
A nice collection of articles about the history of Grinnell is available from the [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/grinnell-room.htm Grinnell Room Archives] at Stewart Library. There is also an online version [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/voices/homepage.html Voices from the Past] , an oral history project done by Friends of Stewart Library where residents tell of life in Grinnell during the depression and World War II. The library also maintains an [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/obitsearch.htm obituary database] of area residents. It will provide a pdf image of obituaries that have appeared in the local newspapers from the last 1800s to the present.
Geography and climate
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13.0 km²), of which, 5.0 square miles (12.9 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.80%) is water.
Grinnell is located at coor dms|41|44|37|N|92|43|29|W|city (41.743750, -92.724742)GR|1.
Grinnell has a
humid continental climatewith clear seasons, hot, humid summers, and cold, snowy winters. The precipitation averages 36.07 in (916 mm) yearly. Summers are the rainiest times of year, with over two thirds of the precipitation falling between April and September in an average year. [ [http://www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIA0355?from=36hr_bottomnav_business] ]
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 9,105 people, 3,498 households, and 2,067 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,825.7 people per square mile (704.5/km²). There were 3,725 housing units at an average density of 746.9/sq mi (288.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.88% White, 1.04% African American, 0.29% Native American, 2.01% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.57% of the population.
There were 3,498 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.9% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the city the population was spread out with 20.5% under the age of 18, 19.9% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,625, and the median income for a family was $48,991. Males had a median income of $33,956 versus $23,864 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $17,939. About 8.9% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
In the spring of 2005, Grinnell embarked upon another renovation project designed to make its downtown area more inviting for residents and visitors. The renovation encompassed new
water mains, restoration of two-way traffic flow, brick crosswalks in the middle of each block, and more uniform parking spaces in front of downtown businesses. Additionally, a median strip at each intersection was designed with Grinnell's distinctive Jewel Box pattern. Infrastructure upgrades and aesthetic renovations were also planned for the southern section of the downtown area, to include Commercial Street.
Grinnell has several notable architectural landmarks:
* Merchant's National Bank - architect
Louis Sullivan. Details and photos at http://www.grinnelliowa.gov/SullivanBank/index.html
* Ricker House - architect Walter Burley Griffin. Details and photos at http://web.grinnell.edu/faulconergallery/rickerhouse/
* See a map of locations and a photo gallery of other significant Grinnell architecture at http://www.grinnelliowa.gov/HistoricArchitecture/index.html
* Additional documents on Grinnell architecture are available in pdf format from [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/grinnell-room.htm the Stewart Library website] .
In 1901 Joel Stewart funded the construction of the current [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/history-of-the-library.html Stewart Library] . The library has served the community well for over 100 years. Stewart Library provides wonderful [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/childrens-programming.html programs for children] and [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/youth-services.htm young adults] . The library also serves as an information and technology center for the community by providing computer access and a number of [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/local-history.htm historical] and [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/resources.htm reference resources] online.
Plans for a new library for Grinnell began in earnest in 2006 with the passage of a Local Option Sales Tax (LOST) to assist with funding. In addition to the funds raised through the LOST tax, the library committed to raising $3.5 million in public funds through the [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/giving.htm Next Chapter campaign] . Groundbreaking is anticipated for spring of 2008.
The first school in Grinnell was founded in 1855. [ [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us "Grinnell: A Century of Progress"] , p.10. Grinnell: "Grinnell Herald-Register", 1954.]
Schools within the Grinnell-Newburg School District include:
*Fairview Elementary School (K-2nd for the eastern side of town)
*Bailey Park Elementary School (K-2nd for the western side of town)
*Davis School (3rd-4th)
*Grinnell Middle School (5th-8th)
*Grinnell High School (9th-12th)
Additionally, there is one private school,
Central Iowa Christian School, which enrolls about 35 students in Kindergarten through eighth grade.
Grinnell is the home of
Grinnell College, a private liberal arts college.
Grinnell area churches
A document on the [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/PDF-files/Church%20Architecture.pdf History of some Grinnell churches] is available in pdf format from the online collections of Stewart Library.
[http://www.grinnellchamber.org/index.cfm?page=25 A list of Grinnell churches] and their websites is maintained by the Grinnell Chamber of Commerce.
Influential former residents
Josiah Bushnell Grinnell, town founder and abolitionistto whom Horace Greeleyis quoted as having said : "Go West, young man, go West."
Hallie Flanagan, Federal Theater Projecthead
Harry Hopkins, one of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's advisors and New Dealarchitect
Robert Noyce, inventor and Intelco-founder
Bruce Braley, member of the U.S. House of Representatives
* Billy Robinson, pioneer aviator. [ [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/heritage.htm] ] [ [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/files/images/archive%20pages/RobinsonStory.pdf Billy Robinson's story] . From the online collections of Stewart Library.]
Thomas R. Cech, Nobel Laureatein chemistry, graduate of Grinnell College
Benjamin Barber, political theorist, professor at the University of Maryland, and graduate of Grinnell College
John Darnielleof The Mountain Goats
* Tristram Parslow [http://www.pathology.emory.edu/AdminFacultyMember.cfm?Name_seq=919] , attended Grinnell community schools as well as Grinnell College. Tristram is now the William Patterson Timmie Professor and Chair Pathology & Laboratory Medicine at Emory University in Atlanta GA.
* [http://www.grinnelliowa.gov/ City of Grinnell's webpage] which also serves as a portal to many local websites
* [http://www.grinnell.lib.ia.us/ Stewart Library, Grinnell, Iowa]
* [http://www.grinnellmuseum.org/ Grinnell Historical Museum]
* [http://www.grinnellchamber.org/ Grinnell Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.grinnell.k12.ia.us/ Grinnell-Newburg School District]
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