Newton, Iowa


Newton, Iowa
Newton, Iowa
—  City  —
Location of Newton, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°41′55″N 93°2′49″W / 41.69861°N 93.04694°W / 41.69861; -93.04694Coordinates: 41°41′55″N 93°2′49″W / 41.69861°N 93.04694°W / 41.69861; -93.04694
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Jasper
Area
 – Total 10.3 sq mi (26.6 km2)
 – Land 10.3 sq mi (26.6 km2)
 – Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 951 ft (290 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 15,254
 – Rank 26th in Iowa
 – Density 1,518.9/sq mi (586.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 – Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50208
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-56505
GNIS feature ID 0459514
Jasper County Courthouse, Newton, Iowa
Former headquarters of the Maytag Corporation, Newton, Iowa. Sold to Iowa Telecommunications Services Inc in January 2007
View of Maytag Dairy Farms from the visitor center
"Rabbit" sculpture at Maytag Park, Newton, Iowa. Dedicated in April 2006 in honor and memory of Ann Krumm.


Newton is a city in and the county seat of Jasper County, Iowa, United States[1]. As of the 2010 census[2], the city population was 15,254. It is the home of Maytag Dairy Farms and was formerly home to the Maytag Corporation's corporate headquarters until the Whirlpool Corporation acquired it in 2006. It is also the location of Iowa Speedway.

Contents

History

Newton was founded in 1850 and incorporated as a city in 1857. In the late 19th century, Newton's growth was fueled by the development of coal mines in the region. The first significant mine in the area was the Couch mine of the Jasper County Coal and Railway Company, opened in the 1870s. It was, for a while, the largest mine in the county, producing 70 tons per day. William Snooks opened a mine near Newton in 1886.[3] In the early 20th century, large scale mining in the Newton area had declined, but there were still several mines in the area that were worked intermittently.[4]

In the 20th century, Newton was a manufacturing community, much of its growth derived from the washing machine industry. Its most distinctive landmark, the Jasper County Courthouse, was built in 1911.

Newton entered the national stage in 1938 when martial law was declared during a strike at the Maytag Washing Machine Company. Iowa governor Nelson Kraschel ordered the Iowa National Guard to protect the company with tanks and machine guns ready against the workers. With the backing of four troops (companies) of the 113th Cavalry Regiment,[5] Maytag company beat the strike and forced workers to return to work with a 10% pay cut.

At the conclusion of World War II, the Maytag Washing Machine Company expanded its operations in Newton, becoming the Maytag Corporation. Known for its dependable line of washing machines and clothes dryers, the company later persuaded the town of Newton to change the name of its headquarters address in the city to “One Dependability Square.”[6] In 2001, a decision to cut labor costs resulted in a reduction of the labor force at the Newton plant in favor of newer Maytag facilities in Mexico.[7] Layoffs at the Newton plant continued through 2005. Whirlpool's acquisition of Maytag in early 2006 led to speculation over the future of Maytag operations in Newton. On May 10, 2006, Whirlpool announced that it would close the Newton plant and corporate offices in the fall of 2007. The plant employed about 1,000 workers and the corporate offices employed about 800 at the time of the announcement.

In January 2007 Whirlpool said in a statement that it sold most of the Maytag headquarters complex to Iowa Telecommunications Services Inc., a Newton-based telephone company which would use the complex to consolidate employees in a single location.

Although the company did not disclose financial details, Newton economic development officials said Iowa Telecom paid $1.5 million for the buildings assessed at more than $12 million.[8]

The Maytag plant officially ended production on October 25, 2007.[9]

In December 2007, TPI Composites announced plans to open a plant to manufacture massive wind turbine blades,[10] which are now in production.[11] President Barack Obama visited the Trinity Structural Towers plant on 22 April 2009, that year's Earth Day.[12]

August 31, 1969, on approach to Newton Municipal Airport, a small plane (Cessna 172H) carrying former heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano crashed into a tree in the middle of a corn field owned by Henry Eilander two miles south of Newton, killing Marciano, pilot Glenn Belz, and passenger Frank Farrell instantly.[13][14]

Geography

Newton's longitude and latitude coordinates in decimal form are 41.698591, -93.046860. [15]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.3 square miles (27 km2), all land.

ZIP codes

All addresses within Newton fall within the 50208 ZIP code.

Streets and addresses

Newton is divided into four quadrants: 1st Avenue divides the north and south segments of Newton, and 1st Street divides the east and west segments. Roads labeled as avenues run east and west, while roads labeled as streets run north and south. Newton's street numbering system also extends into rural Jasper County.

A typical street name would appear "E 5th St S". The east or west label comes first, followed by the street, then followed by the north or south label. This example indicates the street is in the southeast quadrant of Newton.

A typical avenue name would appear "N 5th Ave W". In the case of avenues, the north or south label comes first, followed by the avenue, and then followed by the east or west label. This example indicates the avenue is in the northwest quadrant of Newton.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 1,617
1870 1,983 22.6%
1880 2,607 31.5%
1890 2,564 −1.6%
1900 3,682 43.6%
1910 4,616 25.4%
1920 6,627 43.6%
1930 11,560 74.4%
1940 10,462 −9.5%
1950 11,723 12.1%
1960 15,381 31.2%
1970 15,619 1.5%
1980 15,292 −2.1%
1990 14,789 −3.3%
2000 15,579 5.3%

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 15,579 people, 6,713 households, and 4,269 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,518.9 people per square mile (586.3/km²). There were 7,162 housing units at an average density of 698.3 per square mile (269.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.55% White, 0.60% Asian, 0.39% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21% of the population.

There were 6,713 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,345, and the median income for a family was $49,977. Males had a median income of $37,248 versus $22,631 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,552. About 4.8% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Newton is administered by a mayor and a six-person city council.

Mayor

The mayor is elected to a term of two years. Newton's current mayor is Charles "Chaz" Allen, who began his first term in January 2004. His predecessor was David Aldridge, who served four terms from 1996-2004.

City council

The city council consists of one member elected from each of Newton's four wards and two members elected at-large. The council members are elected to terms of four years. Regular meetings of the city council are held on the first and third Mondays of each month.

State and federal representation

The United States Postal Service operates the Newton Post Office.[17]

The Iowa Department of Corrections Newton Correctional Facility is in unincorporated Jasper County, near Newton.[18]

Media

Radio stations

  • KCOB 1280 AM / 95.9 FM (Country)
  • KRTI 106.7 FM (Top 40/Pop)

Print

Television

  • ION Broadcast over air channel 39

Notable people

Points of interest

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/USA-Iowa.html
  3. ^ James H. Lees, History of Coal Mining in Iowa, Chapter III of Annual Report, 1908, Iowa Geological Survey, 1909, pages 564-565.
  4. ^ Henry Hinds, The Coal Deposits of Iowa, Chapter I of Annual Report, 1908, Iowa Geological Survey, 1909, pages 161-163
  5. ^ Steven E. Clay, U.S. Army Order of Battle 1919 - 1941, Fort Leavenworth: Combat Studies Institute Press, p. 635.
  6. ^ Maytag's Brand Blunder, BrandCultureTalk.com, 9 January 2009
  7. ^ Pitt, David, Moves to Mexico Fuel Fears at Maytag, Deseret News (Salt Lake City), 6 August 2003
  8. ^ Ryberg Bill, Donnelle Eller, and Jennifer Jacobs. - "Maytag to Close: What it Means to Newton". - The Des Moines Register. - May 10, 2006.
  9. ^ Ryberg, William (2007-10-25). "Production ends at Maytag". The Des Moines Register. http://www.desmoinesregister.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071025/BUSINESS/71025022/1001&lead=1. 
  10. ^ http://www.expansionmanagement.com/statespotlights/Iowa/19327
  11. ^ http://www.npr.org/templates/player/mediaPlayer.html?action=1&t=4&islist=true&id=2&d=11-28-2008
  12. ^ http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/09/04/21/A-Busy-Earth-Day-Van-Jones-Video-All-Day-Live-Blog/
  13. ^ http://www.ntsb.gov/ntsb/brief.asp?ev_id=7749&key=0
  14. ^ http://www.check-six.com/Crash_Sites/MarcianoCessna.htm
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ "Post Office™ Location - NEWTON." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on November 24, 2010.
  18. ^ "Newton Correctional Facility." Iowa Department of Corrections. Retrieved on November 24, 2010. "Newton Correctional Facility 307 S. 60th Avenue W. P. O. Box 218 Newton, IA 50208"

External links



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