- Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities
1889, the Richmond, Virginia-based Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities was the United States' first statewide historic preservationgroup. In 2003 the organization adopted the new name APVA Preservation Virginia to reflect a broader focus on statewide Preservation. The APVA owns historic sites across Virginia including Historic Jamestowne, located at Jamestown, Virginia, site of the first permanent English settlement in North America, and the Cape Henry Light, one of the first public worksprojects of the United States of America.
It has had a leadership role in historic preservation in Virginia; its 1889 saving of the Powder Magazine in Williamsburg came decades before
Colonial Williamsburg's creation. [Cite web|url=http://www.vahistorical.org/onthisday/42175.htm|title=Powder Magazine in Williamsburg|accessdate=2007-11-16|publisher=Virginia Historical Society|work=On This Day: Legislative Moments in Virginia History]
APVA museum sites include:
Scotchtown, the Hanover County home of Patrick Henry, revolutionary and first Virginia Governor
John Marshall House, the home of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshallin Richmond
Rising Sun Tavernin Fredericksburg
Mary Washington Housein Fredericksburg
Hugh Mercer Apothecaryin Fredericksburg
Smith's Fort Plantationin Surry
Bacon's Castle, Virginia's oldest datable brick residence, in Surry
Smithfield Plantationin Blacksburg
Cape Henry Light, the first federal public works project under President George Washington, in Virginia Beach
Eastville Courthouse Buildings
Lynnhaven Housein Virginia Beach
Isle of Wight Courthousein Smithfield
Farmer's Bankin Petersburg
*Old Stone House, part of the Edgar Allan Poe Museum in Richmond
*Thomas Read's Clerk's Office, part of the
Museum of Charlotte County
Several museum sites are open on a limited basis or by appointment, including:
Cole Digges Housein Richmond
St. James' Housein Fredericksburg
Debtor's Prison, Accomac
Pear Valleyin Northampton County
Walter Reed Birthplacein Belroi
The Association also manages Warner Hall Graveyard in Gloucester and the Cub Creek Church site in Charlotte County.
Of the current APVA properties, six are designated as
National Historic Landmarks and others are Virginia or National Register properties.
Similar in mission to organizations such as The
National Trust for Historic Preservationin the U.S. and The National Trust in Britain, the Richmond-based APVA also serves as a resource for organizations and individuals on preservation issues. The organization's branches represent APVA across the state; in Richmond, the APVA's self governing affiliate is Historic Richmond Foundation, which merged in July 2005 with APVA's William Byrd Branch. [Cite web|url=http://www.historicrichmond.com/apva_merger.html|title=Historic Richmond Foundation and The William Byrd Branch of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities Announce Merger|accessdate=2007-11-16|publisher=Historic Richmond Foundation|year=2005]
APVA Preservation Virginia also operates the statewide revolving fund, which protects historic properties with easements before placing them on the market, and an annual Preservation Conference.
1994, a major archaeological campaign conducted by the APVA at Jamestown known as Jamestown Rediscoveryhas discovered the remains of the original 1607settlement, and greatly increased the knowledge of Jamestown.
* [http://www.apva.org APVA Preservation Virginia official web site]
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